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Chapter 15 Sudden Illness

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Sudden Illness"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 15 Sudden Illness

2 Types of Sudden Illnesses
1. Fainting 2. Diabetic emergency 3. Seizures 4. Stroke 5. Poisoning 6. Heart attack 7. Shock

3 Fainting One of the most common sudden illnesses
Definition-partial or complete loss of consciousness. Cause-temporary reduction of blood flow to the brain due to 1. stressful event 2.disturbing site 3. getting up too quickly

4 Sign and symptoms Loss of consciousness Light headed/dizzy
Pale/cool skin Sweating Vomiting Distortion of vision Feeling or looking ill

5 Care for fainting Try to catch the person
Position person on their back Elevate the legs 12 inches- to keep blood to vital organs. 4. Loosen restrictive clothing 5. Check for life-threatening conditions 6. Do not give food or drink 7. Do not slap person or pour water on them.

6 Diabetic Emergencies Diabetes mellitus-a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin or use insulin effectively. Insulin is a hormone that allows sugars to be passed into our cells for energy. A diabetic emergency-is an imbalance of insulin and sugar in the bloodstream.

7 2 types of diabetes Type I (juvenile diabetes)-the body produces little or no insulin. INSULIN IS PRODUCED IN THE PANCREAS 2. Type II (adult onset diabetes)-body produces insulin but the cells do not use the insulin correctly or not enough insulin is produced.

8 Signs of a Diabetic Emergency
Changes in levels of consciousness Irregular breathing Rapid pulse Feeling or looking ill Fruity breathe Irregular behavior- “out of it” or dazed

9 Treatment Check for life threatening conditions
Give person sugar fluids or food ie. Candy, fruit juice or non diet soda. If victim doesn’t feel better within 5 minutes call 911 Insulin shock (hypoglycemia)-too much insulin, low sugar level Diabetic coma (hyperglycemia)- High blood sugar level, low insulin.

10 Seizures Irregular loss of body control due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Epilepsy is a chronic conditions that needs medicine Signs and Symptoms 1. Aura-unusual sensation or feeling 2. Uncontrollable tremors-grand mal seizure 3. Blank stare-petit seizure 4. Irregular breathing 5. Eyes roll back

11 Treatment Protect the head/prevent further injury Do not restrain
Move objects away from them Call 911 if first time or longer than 5 min. Do not try to put anything in the mouth Position person on their side Speak calmly and reassure them

12 Febrile Seizure Happens to infants who are running a high fever quickly. Additional Treatment: Cool the body slowly Call 911 for first time.

13 6 Instances for calling 911 for a seizure victim
1. if seizure lasts more than 5 minutes 2. if the person has multiple seizures 3. if the person DOESN’T regain consciousness 4. if the person is pregnant 5. if it is a febrile seizure 6. if the seizure occurs in water

14 Stroke 2 Kinds 1.Disruption of the blood flow in the brain caused by a clot (thrombus or embolus) TIA-Transient Ischemic Attack-temporary disruption of blood flow 2. Bleeding from a ruptured artery (aneurysm)

15 Signs and Symptoms F.A.S.T-Face, Arm, Speech, Time
Numbness and tingling Paralysis Dizzy Vision problems Treatment Call 911 immediately-TIME SENSITIVE!!! Monitor life threatening conditions Position so fluids can drain from mouth if paralyzed.

16 Hypertension-high blood pressure
You are 7 times more likely to have a stroke if you have high blood pressure. Things you can do: Exercise Do not smoke Eat healthy Get annual physical examinations

17 General guidelines for treating sudden illnesses
Do no further harm Monitor ABCs and consciousness Help victim rest comfortably Keep them from getting chilled or overheated Reassure victim **you need to know when 911 is needed and when it is not. *give specific care as needed.

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