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Sudden Illness  Fainting  Diabetic emergency  Seizure  Stroke  Poisoning  Allergic Reaction.

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Presentation on theme: "Sudden Illness  Fainting  Diabetic emergency  Seizure  Stroke  Poisoning  Allergic Reaction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sudden Illness  Fainting  Diabetic emergency  Seizure  Stroke  Poisoning  Allergic Reaction

2 General Guidelines of Care  Do no further harm  Monitor breathing and consciousness  Help person rest in comfortable position  Keep person from getting chilled/overheated  Reassure the person  Give any specific care needed

3 Fainting  Definition: Temporary loss of consciousness; signal of a more serious underlying condition.  Caused by temporary reduction of blood flow to the brain.  Usually self-correcting. Normal circulation resumes when the person collapses.  No lasting signals, you don’t need to call 9-1-1.

4 Diabetic Emergency  Definition: The body does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin effectively.  If the person is conscious and able to swallow, give sugar in the form of fruit juice, candy, a non-diet soft drink or table sugar.  If the person is not able to swallow or a form of sugar is not available, call 9-1-1

5 Seizures  Definition: When electrical activity of the brain becomes irregular it may result in a sudden loss of body control known as a seizure.  Injury, disease, fever, poisoning or infection disrupts normal function of the brain.  If seizing – protect from injury  Remove nearby objects that could cause injury and protect the person’s head.

6 Seizures Cont’d  Call 9-1-1 for any of the following situations –  Seizure lasts for more than 5 minutes  Person has repeated seizures, w/out regaining consciousness  Person is injured  Person has diabetes or is pregnant  Person fails to regain consciousness after seizure  DO NOT –  Try and stop the seizure  Hold or restrain the person  Put anything in the person’s mouth

7 Stroke  Definition: “Brain Attack,” a blockage of blood flow to a part of the brain.  Can cause permanent damage to the brain if the blood flow is not restored.  Sudden signals of a stroke include –  Weakness or numbness on one side including face/arm/leg.  Difficulty speaking or slurred speech.  Sudden dizziness.  Blurred vision or sudden severe headache.

8 Think F.A.S.T.!  Face: weakness on one side of the face.  Arm: weakness or numbness in one arm.  Speech: slurred speech or trouble getting the words out.  Time: time to call 9-1-1 if you see any of these signals. Note the time that the signals began.

9 Poisoning  Definition: Any substance that can cause injury, illness or death when introduced into the body.  Poisons enter the body in four ways –  Inhalation  Swallowed  Absorption  Injection  If you think someone has been poisoned, call the Poison Control Center (PCC) and follow their directions.  PCC #: 1.800.222.1222  Do Not give anything by mouth unless otherwise directed

10 Allergic Reactions  Insect bites, stings, contact with certain drugs, medications, foods and chemicals can cause an allergic reaction.  If person is suffering a severe allergic reaction:  Check, Call, Care  Use epinephrine auto-injector

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