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ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY ANATOMICAL POSITION PLANES/AXIS FLEXION/EXTENSION ABDUCTION/ADDUCTION INTERNAL/EXTERNAL ROTATION CIRCUMDUCTION SUPINATION.

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Presentation on theme: "ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY ANATOMICAL POSITION PLANES/AXIS FLEXION/EXTENSION ABDUCTION/ADDUCTION INTERNAL/EXTERNAL ROTATION CIRCUMDUCTION SUPINATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY ANATOMICAL POSITION PLANES/AXIS FLEXION/EXTENSION ABDUCTION/ADDUCTION INTERNAL/EXTERNAL ROTATION CIRCUMDUCTION SUPINATION PROTRACTION/RETRACTION EVERSION/INVERSION ELEVATION/DEPRESSION OPPOSTITION/REPOSITION ANTERIOR & POSTERIOR INFERIOR & SUPERIOR MEDIAL & LATERAL DISTAL & PROXIMAL SUPERFICIAL & DEEP PE TERMINOLOGY

2 Power Point Terminology Assignment Create a PP for each definition that includes a brief written defintion of the term and shows a picture (labeled) of the position or movement. Place it in the in box for 12 Ldr – Terms Due for Tues Feb 23 rd. Late projects 10% deducted for each day it is late After 5 days an incomplete will be given and you will come in during a noon or recess until it is completed.

3 THE STUDY OF THE STRUCTURES OF THE BODY. NAMING THE PARTS OF THE BODY. IN MECHANICS IT WOULD MEAN KNOWING THE PARTS OF THE CAR Anatomy

4 Exercise Physiology The study of how exercise affects our body’s functions. The physiology of a car would mean knowing how the parts work. How the cylinders and rods work to make the engine go…

5 Planes and Axis Sagittal plane – forward and backward movements Frontal plane – sideways movements Transverse plane – horizontal movements Axis are points around which we rotate Longitudinal Axis – is vertical running head to toe Antero Posterior Axis – extends from front to back Horizontal Axis – extends from side to side

6 THE BODY IS POSITIONED FACE FRONT, EYES FORWARD, THUMB ON ONE ARM TURNED OUT AND TOES FORWARD. Anatomical Position

7 Flexion & Extension Flexion – reducing the angle of a joint. Flexion occurs in the Sagittal plane. Ie – bending the elbow is flexion Extension – enlarging the angle of a joint. Extension takes place in the Sagittal plane Straightening the knee is extension

8 Abduction & Adduction Abduction – moving an arm or leg sideways away from the center of the body. (lateral arm raise) Adduction – is the opposite of abduction, moving an arm or leg from the side toward the center of the body. (the arm outstretched to the side is dropped to your side)

9 Internal/External Rotation Internal rotation -Rotating your hip, knee and foot toward the midline or in toward the middle. External rotation – rotating your bent arm away from the midline (see below)

10 Circumduction Making circles with arms straight out. This is really a combination of Flexion, Extension, Abduction and Adduction. Trunk rotations are also an example of Circumduction

11 Supination/Pronation Supination -Turning your thumb out with palm facing front Pronation –turning your thumb in with the palm facing down

12 Protraction/Retraction Protraction - movement in a forward direction such as sticking your chin out Retraction - moving in a backward direction such as pushing your shoulders back and squeezing your shoulder blades together

13 Dorsi flexion/Plantar flexion Dorsi Flexion - Flex the ankle to pull your toes toward your head Plantar Flexion - Standing on your toes. Opposite of Dorsiflexion

14 Inversion/Eversion Inversion - stand on the out inner edge of your feet Eversion - stand on the outside edge of your feet

15 Elevation/Depression Elevation - movement in an upward direction such as shrugging the shoulders Depression - movement in a downward direction such as slumping the shoulders

16 Opposition/Reposition Opposition - touching ones finger (s) to the thumb. Allows us to grasp and manipulate tools Reposition - opposite of opposition. Returning thumb and fingers to normal position

17 Anterior & Posterior Anterior refers to forward surfaces of the body. Toward the front Posterior refers to back surfaces of the body. Toward the back Ie – the spine is posterior on the body while the eyes are anterior

18 Superior & Inferior Superior refers to upward surfaces Inferior refers to downward surfaces Ie – the head is superior to the knee while the feet are inferior to the knee

19 Medial & Lateral Medial means toward the center midline of the body Lateral means away from the midline to the side Ie – Feet apart is movement laterally while feet together is a medial movement

20 Proximal & Distal Proximal means toward the point of attachment of a limb to the body Distal is the opposite or away from the attachment to the body Ie – the fingers are distal on the arm while the elbow more proximal

21 Superficial & Deep Superficial means toward the surface of the skin Deep means toward the inner core of the body


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