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FRENCH / INDIAN WAR 1754 - 1763 (SEVEN YEARS WAR) VIDEO NOTES.

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Presentation on theme: "FRENCH / INDIAN WAR 1754 - 1763 (SEVEN YEARS WAR) VIDEO NOTES."— Presentation transcript:

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3 FRENCH / INDIAN WAR (SEVEN YEARS WAR) VIDEO NOTES

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6 THE OHIO COUNTRY F DINWIDDIE VA. GOVERNOR F MILITIAMEN (G. WASHINGTON) F FORT NECESSITY F ALBANY CONGRESS F TREATY WITH IROQUOIS F ( colonies - NO COOPERATION with each other)

7 BRITISH DEFEAT/VICTORY F GEN. BRADDOCK FORT DUQUESNE F MONTREAL F QUEBEC F TREATY OF PARIS OF 1763

8 Chapter AFTER THE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR F 1- French & Indian War changes US and THEM F 2- Age of Enlightenment IDEAS influence US

9 1- French & Indian War Changes Before & After the War COLONIES Attitudes Change F (BEFORE) ALBANY PLAN of Union NO COOPERATION F (AFTER) F 1. GAIN MILITARY EXPERIENCE F 2.GAIN SELF-CONFIDENCE F 3.LEARN TO COOPERATE F 4. DEPEND LESS ON ENGLAND

10 BRITISH POLICY CHANGES F (BEFORE) F SALUTARY NEGLECT (SELF-RULE) –loose enforcement of the Navigation Acts F (AFTER) REASONS FOR CHANGE ENGLAND vs FRANCE wars F 1. COLONIST’S DIDN’T HELP with war F 2. COLONIST’S BENEFITED MOST F 3. COLONIST’S MUST PAY $$$$$$ (taxes) *George Grenville (British Parliament)

11 EVENTS LEAD to WAR

12 Pre-Game F Triangle Trade Navigation Acts F Salutary Neglect (self-rule) F French & Indian War F Albany Plan / Congress (NO cooperation) F AFTER THE WAR!!!!!!!!! 1 st Quarter F Proclamation of 1763 F Sugar/Quartering/Stamp F Patrick Henry (others) F Stamp Act Congress F Sons /Daughters of Liberty F Boycotts F Stamp Act Repealed 2 nd Quarter F Declaratory Act (king) F Townshend Acts F (Americans Respond) –Public Actions F Samuel Adams / others Open Articles F Protests (Open) F Boston Massacre -Crispus Attucks F Committees of Correspondence

13 3 rd Quarter F Lord North F Gaspee Affair F Boston Tea Party - East India Co. F 1774 Intolerable Acts F Gen. Gage “Martial Law” F 1st Continental Congress F 1st Bloodshed- Lexington & Concord F 4 th Quarter F 2nd Continental Congress F Siege of BOSTON F Ft. Ticonderoga -Ethan Allen & Green Mtn. F Bunker Hill F Olive Branch Petition F Thomas Paines COMMON SENSE F Declaration of Independence F NEW BALLGAME F THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR BEGINS

14 AMERICAN REVOLUTION F Chapter 4 –Section 1 “Stirrings of Rebellion” F Chapter 4 –Section 2 “Ideas Help Start the Revolution” –Declaration of Independence

15 New Ideas Spread F John Locke Natural Rights (1689) –GOD gave people rights (pyramid) F Iiteracy - America vs. Europe (protestant) F What made the Am. colonies different? F 1- English History –Magna Carta (limited the power of the King) –Charter ( Salutary Neglect) “Self-Rule” F 2- Puritans (beliefs & traditions) –Religion & Education King (God) The people (to serve) People (God) The King (to serve)

16 F Education Expands (Great Awakening) –Harvard, William & Mary, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, Penn., Brown, Rutgers (Ivy League) F Written Word –Almanacs –Newspapers –Pamphlets F John Peter Zenger Trial - Precedent –(Freedom of Press) 1734

17 JOURNAL WRITING Do NOT Write the Question  Describe the events leading up to and during the French & Indian War and explain how the war will change the relationship of US (colonies) and England FOREVER! Full Page = 100 points

18 JOURNAL WRITING Do NOT Write the Question F Describe the events leading up to and during the French & Indian War and explain how the war will change the relationship of US (colonies) and England FOREVER!

19 Ch. 4 – 1: CLASS NOTES “Events Lead to WAR”

20 How We Went from : Loyal British Subjects to FIGHTING FOR INDEPENDENCE Pre-Game ( The FRENCH & INDIAN WAR ) We change – They change 1 st Qtr (FAIR) (Quiet – Boycott) 2 nd Qtr (FIRM) (Louder – Violent) 3 rd Qtr (NICE) (Stay Stirred Up) 4 th Qtr (HARD) (Defend Ourselves) Declare WAR *NEW BALLGAME ( Declare WAR ) NO Gov’t, No Army-Navy, NO Money, NO Majority Support for War -30%

21 Pre-Game F Triangle Trade Navigation Acts F Salutary Neglect (Lenient Self-Rule) F French & Indian War F Albany Plan / Congress (NO cooperation) F AFTER THE WAR!!!!!!!!! 1 st Quarter F Proclamation of 1763 F Sugar/Quartering/Stamp F Patrick Henry (others) F Stamp Act Congress F Sons /Daughters of Liberty F Boycotts F Stamp Act Repealed 2 nd Quarter F Declaratory Act (king) F Townshend Acts F (Americans Respond) –Public Actions F Samuel Adams / others Open Articles F Protests (Open) F Boston Massacre -Crispus Attucks

22 3 rd Quarter F Lord North F Committees of Correspondence F Gaspee Affair F Boston Tea Party - East India Co. 4 th Quarter F 1774 Intolerable Acts F Gen. Gage “Martial Law” F 1st Continental Congress F 1st Bloodshed- Lexington & Concord F 2nd Continental Congress F Olive Branch Petition F Siege of BOSTON F Ft. Ticonderoga -Ethan Allen & Green Mtn. F Bunker Hill F Thomas Paines COMMON SENSE F Declaration of Independence NEW BALLGAME F REVOLUTIONARY WAR BEGINS

23 Britain sends Troops/Taxes F Navigation Acts (1660 ) F SMUGGLING EVERYWHERE F Royal Proclamation of 1763 F SUGAR ACT F 1765 F -STAMP ACT -QUARTERING ACT F PATRICK HENRY ( 7 resolutions ) –NO Taxation W/O Representation F Samuel Adams

24 ORGANIZED RESISTANCE F Stamp Act Congress –John Adams F SONS/DAUGHTER OF LIBERTY F BOYCOT or NONIMPORTATION F MARCH 1766 STAMP ACT REPEALED F “DECLARATORY ACT”

25 RESISTANCE CONTINUES F TOWNSHEND ACTS F AMERICAN RESPONSE F PUBLIC ARTICLES –SAMUEL ADAMS F BOSTON MASSACRE - Crispus Attucks

26 TENSIONS CONTINUE F NORTH F COMMITTEES OF CORRESPOND. (SPY) F GASPEE AFFAIR F British East India Co. –Tea Monopoly F BOSTON TEA PARTY F 1774 PASSES INTOLERABLE ACTS

27 “AMERICANS” REACT  GEN. GAGE declares MARTIAL LAW in Boston F 1ST (SEPT/1774) CONTINENTAL CONGRESS F APRIL 19, 1775 F LEXINGTON & CONCORDE “shot heard ‘round the WORLD”

28 “ FIRST BLOODSHED “

29 *Siege of Boston* ____________________ 2nd Continental Congress

30 Military ActionsPeace Actions * Siege of BOSTON * Ft. Ticonderoga * Bunker Hill * Peace Delegations * Olive Branch Petition

31 Pre-Game ( The FRENCH & INDIAN WAR ) We change – They change 1 st Qtr (FAIR) (Quiet – Boycott) 2 nd Qtr (FIRM) (Louder – Violent) 3 rd Qtr (NICE) (Stay Stirred Up) 4 th Qtr (HARD) (Defend Ourselves) Declare WAR *NEW BALLGAME ( Declare WAR ) NO Gov’t, No Army, NO Navy, NO Money, NO Majority Support for War -30%

32  Navigation Acts start  Salutary Neglect  The French & Indian War  The Albany Plan of Union / Congress  Royal Proclamation of 1763  Sugar Act 1764  Stamp Act 1765  Quartering Act 1765  Stamp Act Congress Meets  Sons & Daughters of Liberty organized  Stamp Act Repealed 1766

33  Declaratory Act (king)  Townshend Acts  Boston Massacre -Crispus Attucks – March 5, 1770 (Paul Revere)  Committees of Correspondence 1772  The Gaspee Affair June 1772  Boston Tea Party 1773  1774 Intolerable Acts  1st Continental Congress meets September 1774

34  General Gage leaves Boston in search of weapons – April 19, 1775  Bloodshed at Lexington & Concord 1775  The Siege of BOSTON Starts April 20, 1775  Ft. Ticonderoga attacked by Ethan Allen & Green Mtn. - May 10, 1775  Battle of Bunker Hill - June 17, 1775  Olive Branch Petition sent to king July 5, 1775  Thomas Paines “ COMMON SENSE” January 1776 – printed & circulated  Declaration of Independence - July 4, 1776

35 “ FIRST BLOODSHED “ *Siege of Boston* ____________________ 2nd Continental Congress

36 Military ActionsPeace Actions * Siege of BOSTON * Ft. Ticonderoga * Bunker Hill * Peace Delegations * Olive Branch Petition

37 * SQR-3 Reading Notes Chapter IDEAS INFLUENCE INDEPENDENCE and the Last Events Leading to Revolution * The Declaration of Independence (pg. 109)

38 Basic Ideas of the “Declaration of Independence” Introduction - Body - Conclusion 1. Introduction 2. Democratic Philosophy of Government (3 Main Ideas) “that change the world” 3. List of Grievances w/ England 4. Conclusion * READ the Declaration of Independence * COPY the 3 nd Paragraph – Separate Sheet

39 2. Imagine that King George had accepted the Olive Branch Petition and sought a diplomatic resolution with the Congress. Do you think colonists would still have pressed for independence? Think About: ANSWER Yes: Colonists may have felt anger over the loss of fellow citizens in recent battles and other oppressive British actions; colonists may have remained inspired by Common Sense. No: Many American colonists were still loyal to the king and did not want independence. the attitudes of the king and Parliament toward the colonies the impact of fighting at Lexington, Concord, and Breed’s Hill ASSESSMENT continued... the writings of Thomas Paine

40 3. Thomas Paine wrote in the introduction to Common Sense: “ The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind.” Evaluate the significance of Paine’s statement. Think About: ANSWER Paine made colonists aware that their struggle for freedom wasn’t just a whim but was part of a universal struggle. Every human being possesses natural and unalienable rights, and when those rights are violated, it is every human being’s obligation to seek their restoration. Locke’s ideas about natural rights ASSESSMENT Jefferson’s ideas about “unalienable rights”

41 New Ideas Spread F John Locke Natural Rights (1689) –GOD gave people rights (pyramid) F Iiteracy - America vs. Europe (protestant) F What made the Am. colonies different? F 1- English History –Magna Carta (limited the power of the King) –Charter ( Salutary Neglect) “Self-Rule” F 2- Puritans (beliefs & traditions) –Religion & Education King (God) The people (to serve) People (God) The King (to serve)

42 F Education Expands (Great Awakening) –Harvard, William & Mary, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, Penn., Brown, Rutgers (Ivy League) F Written Word –Almanacs –Newspapers –Pamphlets  John Peter Zenger Trial - Precedent –(Freedom of Press) 1734

43 Ideas Behind the Revolution F Thomas Paine “Common Sense” –500,000 copies (47 page pamphlet) F Declaration of Independence

44 Patriots Declare Independence –John Adams (Mass) –Benjamin Franklin (Penn) –Thomas Jefferson (Va) –Robert Livingston (NY) –Roger Sherman (Conn) F Agigail Adams (women) F Slavery Paragraph - Debate

45 Reasons Encourage Declaration of Independence F Colonists Angry British use of “mercenaries” F Treatment of War Prisoners v. Traitors F Military confidence from Early Incidents –Lexington/Concord –Siege of Boston –Ft. Ticonderoga –Bunker Hill F John Locke, Thomas Pains & others Ideas –Common Sense F Financial Advantages –Trade/Commerce F American Destiny F “Better Society”

46 Basic Ideas of the “Declaration of Independ.” F 1. Introduction F 2. Democratic Philosophy of Govern F 3. List of Grievances w/ England F 4. Conclusion

47 1. Introduction F -”decided to dissolve the political bonds which have connected them with England & to declare Independence” F declare to the world the reasons they are seperating from Britian”

48 2. Democratic Philosophy F “All men are created equal, endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights” GOD gave us rights F “To secure these rights, gov’t is constituted & derive their powers” Gov’t must protect those rights F “Whenever gov’t does not following it’s social contract, people have the right to abolish it People have the right to change the government if it doesn’t protect those rights


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