Presentation on theme: "French and Indian War 1750’s British and French claim the Ohio River Valley Albany Plan of Union War breaks out in 1754 Spreads to Europe by 1756 British."— Presentation transcript:
French and Indian War 1750’s British and French claim the Ohio River Valley Albany Plan of Union War breaks out in 1754 Spreads to Europe by 1756 British capture Quebec in 1759 Treaty of Paris, 1763 – France loses most of its colonial empire in North America
Issue of Taxation Enlightenment Thinkers – John Locke “social contract” – William Blackstone Rights of the individual Samuel Adams and others argue that the British government should not tax the colonists without their consent.
Colonial Reaction to the Stamp Act Boycotted British goods Attacked British officials Resolutions against the Stamp Act in colonial legislatures “Stamp Act Congress” British repeal the Stamp Act. Townshend Acts introduced Sam Adams and others form the Sons of Liberty
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Pamphlet published early in 1776 – America should not be governed by a small, distant island. – Colonists derived no benefit from British rule Many patriots began to demand independence
Declaration of Independence Second Continental Congress Richard Henry Lee proposed Committee: – Thomas Jefferson – Ben Franklin – John Adams – Roger Sherman – Robert Livingston
Declaration of Independence Issued on July 4, 1776 – Explained the reasons the colonists sought independence – Jefferson used Locke’s ideas that government’s purpose is to protect citizen’s unalienable rights – Grievances against the King