Presentation on theme: "French and Indian War 1750’s British and French claim the Ohio River Valley Albany Plan of Union War breaks out in 1754 Spreads to Europe by 1756 British."— Presentation transcript:
French and Indian War 1750’s British and French claim the Ohio River Valley Albany Plan of Union War breaks out in 1754 Spreads to Europe by 1756 British capture Quebec in 1759 Treaty of Paris, 1763 – France loses most of its colonial empire in North America
Proclamation Line of 1763 British trying to maintain peace with the Indians. Pontiac’s Rebellion
Issue of Taxation Enlightenment Thinkers – John Locke “social contract” – William Blackstone Rights of the individual Samuel Adams and others argue that the British government should not tax the colonists without their consent.
Colonial Reaction to the Stamp Act Boycotted British goods Attacked British officials Resolutions against the Stamp Act in colonial legislatures “Stamp Act Congress” British repeal the Stamp Act. Townshend Acts introduced Sam Adams and others form the Sons of Liberty
Committee of Correspondence Formed in 1772 by Sam Adams with James Warren and his wife Mercy Otis Warren. Mercy Otis Warren wrote satires against the British.
BOSTON TEA PARTY
Decided to continue protesting British Taxes Met in Philadelphia Each colony should form a militia
Lexington and Concord, April British soldiers and Minutemen clash
Appoint George Washington as Commander of the Continental Army Second Continental Congress
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Pamphlet published early in 1776 – America should not be governed by a small, distant island. – Colonists derived no benefit from British rule Many patriots began to demand independence
Declaration of Independence Second Continental Congress Richard Henry Lee proposed Committee: – Thomas Jefferson – Ben Franklin – John Adams – Roger Sherman – Robert Livingston
Declaration of Independence Issued on July 4, 1776 – Explained the reasons the colonists sought independence – Jefferson used Locke’s ideas that government’s purpose is to protect citizen’s unalienable rights – Grievances against the King
Battle of Long Island
Battle of Trenton
Battle of Saratoga
Bernardo de Galvez Commanded Spanish troops in Louisiana. Shipped supplies to the Americans Defeated British troops in Florida
Haym Solomon Jewish merchant and banker-emigrated from Poland Financed the Continental Army Loaned money to the U.S.
James Armistead African-American slave who acted as a spy Posed as an escaped slave which allowed him to travel freely between armies Reported back to Lafayette
John Paul Jones America’s first naval hero Bonhomme Richard “I’ve not yet begun to fight!”