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ROLE OF ARMED FORCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT Brig Atesh Chahar, DACIDS (Op Lgs) & Secy DCMG, HQ IDS, Ministry of Defence.

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Presentation on theme: "ROLE OF ARMED FORCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT Brig Atesh Chahar, DACIDS (Op Lgs) & Secy DCMG, HQ IDS, Ministry of Defence."— Presentation transcript:

1 ROLE OF ARMED FORCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT Brig Atesh Chahar, DACIDS (Op Lgs) & Secy DCMG, HQ IDS, Ministry of Defence

2 PreviewPreview  Suitability for HADR Operations  Institutional Mechanism  HADR Operations  Awareness - Area / Sub Area HQs  Future HADR Operations  Discussion Points

3 Suitability for HADR Operations Resources Command & Control Organisation Cohesion CommunicationsMobilityLogistics Military Leadership Response Status - Second Responder. Response Status - Second Responder. In Principle - Last In, First Out. In Principle - Last In, First Out. Always prepared and first to respond. Always prepared and first to respond. Response Status - Second Responder. Response Status - Second Responder. In Principle - Last In, First Out. In Principle - Last In, First Out. Always prepared and first to respond. Always prepared and first to respond.

4 Institutional Mechanism Defence Crisis Mgt Group (DCMG) National Executive Committee (NEC) National Crisis Mgt Committee (NCMC) IHQ of MoD (Army) Air HQs (VB) NDMA IHQ of MoD (Navy) MHA Coast Guard MEA CAPF MoCA MoS DoE/Fin MoOIA

5 About DCMG Promulgated by MoD in May Chief of Staffs Committee Joint Directive on Disaster Management issued in Mar 10. Mandate. Deal with crises like terrorist outrages, war and international situations, man-made / natural / CBRN disasters, cyber terrorism etc. Operations Branch, HQ IDS interacts with NDMA and other Nodal Ministries on behalf of Service HQs & CoSC. Integrated & coordinated response of Armed Forces during crisis / disaster situations. Notification / De-notification of DCMG MoD (JS (G/Air) on approval from Def Secy). By CISC in consultation with Chairman CoSC.

6 Composition of DCMG

7 INDIA ALASKA USA CHINA Source: Living with Risk, UNISDR INDONESIA JAPAN Disasters - Global Scenario

8 HADR by Indian Armed Forces Bangladesh Cyclone T (4 x IL-76) Sri Lanka Floods & Bedded Hospital & Medical Teams Aid - US $ 1 Million (2 x IL-76) Mayanmar Cyclone NARGIS T (2 x AN-32, 6 x IL-76 & 2 Ships) Light Hospital & Medical teams Pakistan Floods Blankets & Mosquito Nets Medicines USA ‘KATRINA’ T (1 x IL-76) Philippines & T (1 x IL-76) 15 T (1 x C-130) Lebanon T (1 x IL-76) China Earth Quake T (9 x IL-76) Kyrgyzstan US $ 1 Mn 2 x IL-76 Indonesia T (2 x IL-76 & 2 Ships) India China Indonesia Philippines Kyrgyzstan USA Sri Lanka Bangladesh Pakistan Myanmar Lebanon

9 Terrain Peculiarities Glaciated AreasMountains - HAAValleysJunglesDesertsPlainsRiverineGhatsCoastal AreasIsland Territories

10 Earthquake - High Damage Risk Zones Winds & Earthquake - High Damage Risk Zones Earthquake & Floods - High Damage Risk Zones Earthquake & Floods - Very High Damage Risk Zones Earthquake - Very High Damage Risk Zones Floods - Very High Damage Risk Zones Multi Hazard Zones

11 Floods 26 Jul 2005 Tsunami 26 Dec 2004 Floods, Assam & Bihar 2004, 2007, 2008, 2012 Earthquake Uttarkashi, Oct 91 & Chamoli, Apr 99 Bhuj, Earthquake, 26 Jan 2001 J&K Avalanche Feb 2005 Earthquake, Latur, 30 Sep 1993 Tsunami 26 Dec 2004 Bhopal Gas Disaster, Dec 1982 Earthquake, Oct 2005 Floods (AP & Karnataka) 2009 Floods, Uttar Pradesh, 1998, 2005, 2010, 2012, 2013 Cyclone Kutchh, 1998 Cyclone (A.P) 1992 & 1996, 13 Oct 13 Floods, Haryana 1993, 1996, 2013 Cloud burst, 2010 Flashfloods, Uttarakhand & HP Major Disasters ( ) Cyclone (Orissa) 29 Oct 1999, 13 Oct Earthquake Sikkim Sep Tirupathi Forest Fire, 19 Mar

12 Uttarkashi Kedarnath Badrinath Chamoli Gangotri Gaurikund Bageshwar Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Champawat Meerut Pauri Nainital Tehri Haridwar Almora Udham Singh Nagar Joshimath Gupt Kashi Muzaffarnagar Uttarakhand Flash Floods - Jun 2013 Dehradun Dharasu Hanuman Chatti Formation breaches kms cumulative. Landslides kms cumulative. 220 all types of bridges including 14 big bridges damaged / washed away. One of the biggest rescue and relief operation undertaken by the Armed Forces. More than one lakh people evacuated by road and air. 40,000 Sq Km area, altitude > 10,000 ft. 70,000 tourists & 100,000 locals affected. All 13 districts (1600 villages) affected. 680 people died, 4117 missing (presumably dead), 2000 houses damaged livestock lost. Kedarnath BeforeAfter

13 Uttarkashi Kedarnath Badrinath Chamoli Dehradun Gangotri Gaurikund Bageshwar Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Champawat Meerut Pauri Nainital Tehri Haridwar Almora Udham Singh Nagar Joshimath Gupt Kashi Dharasu Hanuman Chatti Muzaffarnagar Ranikhet Lansdowne The Effort Dharchula More than 100,000 people rescued / evacuated on foot / tracks / roads in 14 days Medical Teams - 24 Psy Spl Team - 02 SHO Team - 01 Medical Bricks - 238

14 Cyclone PHAILIN - Oct 2013 Odisha & Andhra Pradesh

15 Army. 10 composite columns deployed in Machlipatnam, Vizag, Kakinada, Elluru & Rajamundhary. Navy. Assets prepared to operate ex- Vizag including Ships, Diving Teams, Heptrs and ACs. AF. Heptrs positioned at Vizag and other assets kept stand-by ex-Sec’bad & Bangalore / Yelankah. CG. Assets all along Eastern Coast. Cyclone LEHAR - Nov 2013

16 Input received in AN on 19 Mar. Army. Two columns moved ex Chennai. Navy. One fire fighting team and one Chetak heptr. Air Force. One C-130J, two MI-17V5 & one Chetak heptr. Bambi buckets used to douse fire. 42 sorties flown over two days. Operations completed on 21 Mar. Forest Fire Mar Tirupathi

17 15 Ton material dispatched by one C-130 Super Hercules. MsRE, tarpaulins, tentage, blankets and life saving medical care stores. Cyclone HAIYAN (Philippines) - Nov 2013 Tacloban 5,000 feared dead, 11 Million affected

18 SAR operations from 12 Mar. 4-5 surface vessels and 5-6 sorties per day in Indian Search Rescue Region Mar. One C-130J & one P-8i participated in MNF SAR ops ex Subang Airfield, Kaula Lumpur. Malaysian Airliner MH370 - Mar People on board (incl 12 crew, 151 Chinese and 5 Indians) P8-I conducting SAR Sortie on 23 Mar 14 C-130J conducting SAR Sortie on 23 Mar 14 The High Commissioner received the crews after their sortie on 23 Mar 14 The High Commissioner and Brig Gen Manaf, the RMAF Base Commander with crews and the DA

19 Udhampur Srinagar Pathankot Jalandhar Ambala Meerut Delhi Bathinda Jaipur Lucknow Allahabad Bareilly Dehradun Raipur Jabalpur Danapur Mumbai Pune Bhopal Bangalore Chennai Secundrabad Jodhpur Kolkata Narangi Shillong Bengdubi Jorhat Awareness of Area / Sub Area HQ. Liaison with Mil Cdr. IS & Flood Schemes. Availability of own stores & equipment. Area HQ / Sub Area HQ

20 Future HADR Operations Require flexibility, wider range of capabilities and men & women of character Commitment to work and strength to deliver is dependant on values, ethos and dedication of soldiers Moral ethical failures could have strategic implications Military leadership challenge is to infuse, permeate and consolidate the bedrock of virtues

21 Government Armed Forces Other Stakeholders Armed Forces NDRF NDMA Dist / State Adm SDRF / CAPF People Unity of Effort - Major Participants

22 Discussion Points Procurement and storage of Disaster Relief Bricks - ease of transportation Provision of funds for equipping QRTs and QRMTs - viable back up to NDRF CBRN capability Coordination and Decision Making process - MHA, MEA, MoD & HQ IDS

23 THANK YOU


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