Presentation on theme: "ROLE OF ARMED FORCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT"— Presentation transcript:
1ROLE OF ARMED FORCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT HEADQUARTERS INTEGRATED DEFENCE STAFFROLE OF ARMED FORCES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENTBrig Atesh Chahar,DACIDS (Op Lgs) & Secy DCMG,HQ IDS, Ministry of Defence
2Preview Suitability for HADR Operations Institutional Mechanism Awareness - Area / Sub Area HQsFuture HADR OperationsDiscussion Points
3Suitability for HADR Operations ResourcesCommand & ControlOrganisation CohesionCommunicationsMobilityLogisticsMilitary LeadershipResponse Status - Second Responder.In Principle - Last In, First Out.Always prepared and first to respond.
4Institutional Mechanism National Crisis Mgt Committee (NCMC)National Executive Committee (NEC)Defence Crisis Mgt Group (DCMG)MHAMEANDMAMoSCAPFMoCAIHQ of MoD (Army)IHQ of MoD (Navy)Air HQs(VB)MoOIACoast GuardDoE/Fin
5About DCMG Promulgated by MoD in May 2005. Chief of Staffs Committee Joint Directive on Disaster Management issued in Mar 10.Mandate.Deal with crises like terrorist outrages, war and international situations, man-made / natural / CBRN disasters, cyber terrorism etc.Operations Branch, HQ IDS interacts with NDMA and other Nodal Ministries on behalf of Service HQs & CoSC.Integrated & coordinated response of Armed Forces during crisis / disaster situations.Notification / De-notification of DCMGMoD (JS (G/Air) on approval from Def Secy).By CISC in consultation with Chairman CoSC.
6Composition of DCMG Chairman Chief of Integrated Defence Staff, HQ IDS MembersDCIDS (Ops), HQ IDSDG DIA, HQ IDSDG MO, IHQ of MoD (Army)DG NO, IHQ of MoD (Navy)DG Air Ops, Air HQ (Vayu Bhawan)DCIDS (Med), HQ IDSACIDS (Jt Ops), HQ IDSJS (G/Air), MoDJS (O/N), MoDSecretaryDACIDS (Op Lgs), HQ IDSAdditional members include Jt Secy of relevant Ministries, Resident Commissioners of affected States / UTs, reps of NDMA / NDRF on required basis
7Disasters - Global Scenario Source: Living with Risk, UNISDR JAPANALASKACHINAUSAINDIAINDONESIASource: Living with Risk, UNISDR
8HADR by Indian Armed Forces Mayanmar Cyclone NARGIS - 2008 USA ‘KATRINA’22 T (1 x IL-76)Lebanon24 T (1 x IL-76)Philippines & 201328 T (1 x IL-76)15 T (1 x C-130)Indonesia109 T (2 x IL-76 & 2 Ships)Bangladesh Cyclone- 2007165 T (4 x IL-76)LebanonKyrgyzstanUSAChinaPakistanBangladeshIndiaMyanmarPhilippinesIndonesiaSri LankaChina Earth Quake245 T (9 x IL-76)KyrgyzstanUS $ 1 Mn2 x IL-76Pakistan FloodsBlankets & Mosquito NetsMedicinesSri Lanka Floods & 2011100 Bedded Hospital & Medical TeamsAid - US $ 1 Million (2 x IL-76)Mayanmar Cyclone NARGIS224 T (2 x AN-32, 6 x IL-76 & 2 Ships)Light Hospital & Medical teams
9Terrain Peculiarities Glaciated AreasMountains - HAAValleysJunglesDesertsPlainsRiverineGhatsCoastal AreasIsland TerritoriesTHIS SLIDE DEPICTS AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHASES OF HA/DR AND INVOLVEMENT BYORGANIZATIONS. LOCAL AND NATIONAL AGENCIES, TO INCL THE HOST NATION / AFFECTED STATE MILITARY, WILL BEINVOLVED INITIALLY AND UNTIL THE NEED FOR HA/DR CEASES. INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES AND THE UN WILL ALSO BEPROVIDING ASST PRIOR TO ARRIVAL OF THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES AND WILL GENERALLY REMAIN FOR REC AND RECONSTRUCTION AFTER THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES DEPART. AS THE MISSION PROCEEDS OVER TIME, THE CAPABILITIES OF THE HOST NATION / AFFECTED STATE AND THE CIVILIAN RELIEF COMMUNITY INCREASE, THEREBY DECREASING THE NEED FOR THE FOREIGN MILITARY. THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES ARE THEN ABLE TO DISENGAGE FROM THESE TASKS AND TRANSITION TO REDEPLOYMENT OR OTHER TASKS.FOREIGN MILITARY HA/DR OPERATIONS WILL MOST LIKELY BE OF SHORT DURATION AND LIMITED SCOPE, BASED ON THE REQUESTS OF THE HOST NATION/AFFECTED STATE AND THE CAPABILITIES OF THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES NATIONS.FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES WILL GENERALLY BE INVOLVED IN THE EMERGENCY (IMDT LIFE SAVING) PH UNTIL THE HOST NATION / AFFECTED STATE AND INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY CAN SUSTAIN THE REQUIREMENTS AND CONTINUE WITH LONG-TERM REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION9
10Multi Hazard Zones Earthquake - High Damage Risk Zones Winds & Earthquake - High Damage Risk ZonesEarthquake & Floods - High Damage Risk ZonesEarthquake & Floods - Very High Damage Risk ZonesEarthquake - Very High Damage Risk ZonesFloods - Very High Damage Risk Zones
11Major Disasters (1980-2014) 3 1 3 3 5 4 2 1 3 2 4 1 Cloud burst, 2010 Flashfloods, Uttarakhand & HP1Earthquake, Oct 20053Earthquake Uttarkashi, Oct 91 & Chamoli, Apr 99Floods, Uttar Pradesh, 1998, 2005, 2010, 2012, 20133J&K Avalanche Feb 2005Earthquake Sikkim Sep 2011Floods, Haryana , 1996, 201354Floods, Assam & Bihar 2004, 2007, 2008, 2012Bhuj, Earthquake, Jan 200121Cyclone Kutchh, 1998Bhopal Gas Disaster, Dec 198232Tsunami Dec 2004Earthquake, Latur, 30 Sep 19934Cyclone (Orissa) Oct 1999, 13 Oct 13THIS SLIDE DEPICTS AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHASES OF HA/DR AND INVOLVEMENT BYORGANIZATIONS. LOCAL AND NATIONAL AGENCIES, TO INCL THE HOST NATION / AFFECTED STATE MILITARY, WILL BEINVOLVED INITIALLY AND UNTIL THE NEED FOR HA/DR CEASES. INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES AND THE UN WILL ALSO BEPROVIDING ASST PRIOR TO ARRIVAL OF THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES AND WILL GENERALLY REMAIN FOR REC AND RECONSTRUCTION AFTER THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES DEPART. AS THE MISSION PROCEEDS OVER TIME, THE CAPABILITIES OF THE HOST NATION / AFFECTED STATE AND THE CIVILIAN RELIEF COMMUNITY INCREASE, THEREBY DECREASING THE NEED FOR THE FOREIGN MILITARY. THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES ARE THEN ABLE TO DISENGAGE FROM THESE TASKS AND TRANSITION TO REDEPLOYMENT OR OTHER TASKS.FOREIGN MILITARY HA/DR OPERATIONS WILL MOST LIKELY BE OF SHORT DURATION AND LIMITED SCOPE, BASED ON THE REQUESTS OF THE HOST NATION/AFFECTED STATE AND THE CAPABILITIES OF THE FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES NATIONS.FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES WILL GENERALLY BE INVOLVED IN THE EMERGENCY (IMDT LIFE SAVING) PH UNTIL THE HOST NATION / AFFECTED STATE AND INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY CAN SUSTAIN THE REQUIREMENTS AND CONTINUE WITH LONG-TERM REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTIONFloods Jul 2005Cyclone (A.P) & 1996, 13 Oct 131Tirupathi Forest Fire, 19 Mar 2014Floods (AP & Karnataka) 2009Tsunami Dec 2004Tsunami Dec 200411
12Uttarakhand Flash Floods - Jun 2013 40,000 Sq Km area, altitude > 10,000 ft.70,000 tourists & 100,000 locals affected.All 13 districts (1600 villages) affected. 680 people died, 4117 missing (presumably dead), 2000 houses damaged livestock lost.GangotriHanuman ChattiUttarkashiKedarnathBadrinathDharasuGaurikundJoshimathGupt KashiTehriDehradunChamoliRudraprayagKedarnathPauriFormation breaches kms cumulative.Landslides kms cumulative.220 all types of bridges including 14 big bridges damaged / washed away.HaridwarBageshwarAlmoraPithoragarhOne of the biggest rescue and relief operation undertaken by the Armed Forces. More than one lakh people evacuated by road and air.MuzaffarnagarNainitalChampawatMeerutUdham Singh NagarBeforeAfter
13The EffortGangotriHanuman ChattiUttarkashiKedarnathBadrinathMedical Teams - 24Psy Spl TeamSHO Team - 01Medical BricksDharasuGaurikundJoshimathGupt KashiTehriDehradunChamoliRudraprayagPauriArmy8500 troops deployed, 14 heptrs of Army Aviation flew 730 sorties, approx 45,500 people rescued, BRO employed 125 plant equipmentNavyTwo MARCO diving teamsAF45 Heptrs and 13 aircraft / 3700 Sorties895 Tons airlifted / stranded people air evacuatedHaridwarDharchulaLansdowneBageshwarRanikhetAlmoraPithoragarhMuzaffarnagarNainitalChampawatMore than 100,000 people rescued / evacuated on foot / tracks / roads in 14 daysMeerutUdham Singh Nagar
14Odisha & Andhra Pradesh Cyclone PHAILIN - Oct 2013Odisha & Andhra PradeshArmy12 Army Columns, each with Medical Team, One Engr Task Force, MHNavyShips, Diving Teams, Heptrs and Transport aircraftAFHeptrs and Transport aircraft
15Cyclone LEHAR - Nov 2013Army. 10 composite columns deployed in Machlipatnam, Vizag, Kakinada, Elluru & Rajamundhary.Navy. Assets prepared to operate ex- Vizag including Ships, Diving Teams, Heptrs and ACs.AF. Heptrs positioned at Vizag and other assets kept stand-by ex-Sec’bad & Bangalore / Yelankah.CG. Assets all along Eastern Coast.
16Forest Fire Mar 2014 - Tirupathi Input received in AN on 19 Mar.Army. Two columns moved ex Chennai.Navy. One fire fighting team and one Chetak heptr.Air Force. One C-130J, two MI-17V5 & one Chetak heptr. Bambi buckets used to douse fire. 42 sorties flown over two days.Operations completed on 21 Mar.
17Cyclone HAIYAN (Philippines) - Nov 2013 5,000 feared dead, 11 Million affected15 Ton material dispatched by one C-130 Super Hercules.MsRE, tarpaulins, tentage, blankets and life saving medical care stores.Tacloban
18Malaysian Airliner MH370 - Mar 2014 239 People on board (incl 12 crew, 151 Chinese and 5 Indians)SAR operations from 12 Mar.4-5 surface vessels and sorties per day in Indian Search Rescue Region.20-23 Mar. One C-130J & one P-8i participated in MNF SAR ops ex Subang Airfield, Kaula Lumpur.P8-I conducting SAR Sortie on 23 Mar 14C-130J conducting SAR Sortie on 23 Mar 14The High Commissioner received the crews after their sortie on 23 Mar 14The High Commissioner and Brig Gen Manaf, the RMAF Base Commander with crews and the DA
19Area HQ / Sub Area HQ Awareness of Area / Sub Area HQ. AmbalaArea HQ / Sub Area HQSrinagarMeerutUdhampurDelhiPathankotJorhatDehradunShillongJalandharBareillyDanapurLucknowBathindaAwareness of Area / Sub Area HQ.Liaison with Mil Cdr.IS & Flood Schemes.Availability of own stores & equipment.JaipurBengdubiJodhpurNarangiAllahabadBhopalKolkataJabalpurMumbaiRaipurPuneSecundrabadBangaloreChennai
20Future HADR Operations Require flexibility, wider range of capabilities and men & women of characterCommitment to work and strength to deliver is dependant on values, ethos and dedication of soldiersMoral ethical failures could have strategic implicationsMilitary leadership challenge is to infuse, permeate and consolidate the bedrock of virtues
21Unity of Effort - Major Participants GovernmentArmed ForcesOther StakeholdersPeopleDist / State Adm SDRF / CAPFNDMANDRFArmed Forces
22Discussion PointsProcurement and storage of Disaster Relief Bricks - ease of transportationProvision of funds for equipping QRTs and QRMTs - viable back up to NDRF CBRN capabilityCoordination and Decision Making process - MHA, MEA, MoD & HQ IDS