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EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS Lt Gen Anil Chait, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC Chief of Integrated Defence Staff.

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Presentation on theme: "EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS Lt Gen Anil Chait, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC Chief of Integrated Defence Staff."— Presentation transcript:

1 EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS Lt Gen Anil Chait, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC Chief of Integrated Defence Staff

2 Armed Forces - Chetwode Motto Field Marshal Sir Philip Chetwode The safety, honour and welfare of your country come first, always and every time. The safety, honour and welfare of your country come first, always and every time. The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command come next. The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command come next. Your own ease, comfort and safety come last, always and every time. Your own ease, comfort and safety come last, always and every time. The safety, honour and welfare of your country come first, always and every time. The safety, honour and welfare of your country come first, always and every time. The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command come next. The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command come next. Your own ease, comfort and safety come last, always and every time. Your own ease, comfort and safety come last, always and every time. HADR operations by their very nature are a commitment of every soldier towards the safety and security of his countrymen.

3 INDIA ALASKA USA CHINA Source: Living with Risk, UNISDR INDONESIA JAPAN Global Scenario

4 HADR by Indian Armed Forces Bangladesh Cyclone T (4 x IL-76) Sri Lanka Floods & Bedded Hospital & Medical Teams Aid - US $ 1 Million (2 x IL-76) Mayanmar Cyclone NARGIS T (2 x AN-32, 6 x IL-76 & 2 Ships) Light Hospital & Medical teams Pakistan Floods Blankets & Mosquito Nets Medicines USA ‘KATRINA’ T (1 x IL-76) Philippines & T (1 x IL-76) 15 T (1 x C-130) Lebanon T (1 x IL-76) China Earth Quake T (9 x IL-76) Kyrgyzstan US $ 1 Mn 2 x IL-76 Indonesia T (2 x IL-76 & 2 Ships) India China Indonesia Philippines Kyrgyzstan USA Sri Lanka Bangladesh Pakistan Myanmar Lebanon

5 Floods 26 Jul 2005 Tsunami 26 Dec 2004 Floods, Assam & Bihar 2004, 2007, 2008, 2012 Earthquake Uttarkashi, Oct 91 & Chamoli, Apr 99 Bhuj, Earthquake, 26 Jan 2001 J&K Avalanche Feb 2005 Earthquake, Latur, 30 Sep 1993 Tsunami 26 Dec 2004 Bhopal Gas Disaster, Dec 1982 Earthquake, Oct 2005 Floods ( A.P. & Karnataka), 2009 Floods, Uttar Pradesh, 1998, 2005, 2010, 2012, 2013 Cyclone Kutchh, 1998 Cyclone (A.P) 1992 & 1996, 13 Oct 13 Floods, Haryana 1993, 1996, 2013 Cloud burst, 2010 Flashfloods, Uttarakhand & HP Major Disasters ( ) Cyclone (Orissa) 29 Oct 1999, 13 Oct Earthquake Sikkim Sep

6 Armed Forces Support Tsunami Floods Uttarakhand Latur Earthquake Bhuj Earthquake Sikkim Earthquake Leh Mudslide Cyclone PHAILIN Port Blair Bihar Sikkim Bhuj Latur Odisha Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Kerala Leh Uttarakhand

7 Earthquake - High Damage Risk Zones Winds & Earthquake - High Damage Risk Zones Earthquake & Floods - High Damage Risk Zones Earthquake & Floods - Very High Damage Risk Zones Earthquake - Very High Damage Risk Zones Floods - Very High Damage Risk Zones Multi Hazard Zones

8 Earthquakes Floods Cyclones & Tsunamis Droughts 59% 76% 7,516 km Coastline 12% 3% 16% Landslides Disaster Risks

9 Terrain Peculiarities

10 Armed Forces - Suitability for HADR

11 Preparedness & Response - Armed Forces Response Status - Second Responder. Response Status - Second Responder. In Principle - Last In, First Out. In Principle - Last In, First Out. Always prepared and first to respond. Always prepared and first to respond. Response Status - Second Responder. Response Status - Second Responder. In Principle - Last In, First Out. In Principle - Last In, First Out. Always prepared and first to respond. Always prepared and first to respond.

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13 Unity of Effort - Major Participants

14 Military Capabilities

15 Institutional Mechanism IHQ of MoD (Army) Air HQs (VB) MHA IHQ of MoD (Navy) NDMA Coast Guard MoS MEA DoE/Fin MoCA CAPF MoOIA

16 OP CASTOR MALDIVES OP RAINBOW SRI LANKA OP MADAD PENINSULAR INDIA OP SEAWAVES A&N ISLANDS OP GAMBHIR INDONESIA OP MADAD PENINSULAR INDIA Duration - Dec 04 to Feb 05 Army Troops Navy 5500 Sailors 31 Ships 4 Aircraft & 22 Heptrs Air Force 3000 Air Warriors 26 Aircraft & 16 Heptrs Duration - Dec 04 to Feb 05 Army Troops Navy 5500 Sailors 31 Ships 4 Aircraft & 22 Heptrs Air Force 3000 Air Warriors 26 Aircraft & 16 Heptrs Simultaneous Tsunami Relief Operations

17 Uttarkashi Kedarnath Badrinath Chamoli Gangotri Gaurikund Bageshwar Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Champawat Meerut Pauri Nainital Tehri Haridwar Almora Udham Singh Nagar Joshimath Gupt Kashi Muzaffarnagar Formation breaches kms Landslides kms. 220 all types of bridges including 14 big bridges damaged / washed away. One of the biggest rescue and relief operation undertaken by the Armed Forces. More than one lakh people evacuated by road and air. 40,000 Sq Km area affected Uttarakhand Flash Floods Jun 2013 All 13 districts (1600 villages) affected. 60 villages ravaged, 1000 puckka houses completely and 2000 partially damaged. 650 animal sheds damaged. 700 big animals and 8800 smaller animals died. Dehradun Dharasu Hanuman Chatti

18 Uttarkashi Kedarnath Badrinath Chamoli Dehradun Gangotri Gaurikund Bageshwar Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Champawat Meerut Pauri Nainital Tehri Haridwar Almora Udham Singh Nagar Joshimath Gupt Kashi Dharasu Hanuman Chatti Muzaffarnagar Ranikhet Lansdowne Uttarakhand Flash Floods Jun 2013 Dharchula Medical Teams - 24 Psy Spl Team - 02 SHO Team - 01 Medical Bricks - 238

19 Cyclone PHAILIN Oct 2013 Odisha & Andhra Pradesh

20 Army. 10 composite columns deployed in Machlipatnam, Vizag, Kakinada, Elluru & Rajamundhry. Navy. Assets prepared to operate ex- Vizag including Ships, Diving Teams, Heptrs and ACs. AF. Heptrs positioned at Vizag and other assets kept stand-by ex-Sec’bad & Bangalore / Yelankah. CG. Assets all along Eastern Coast. Cyclone LEHAR Nov 2013

21 15 Ton material dispatched by one C-130 Super Hercules. MsRE, tarpaulins, tentage, blankets and life saving medical care stores. Cyclone HAIYAN Nov Philippines Tacloban

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23 Way Ahead - Armed Forces

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25 JAI HIND

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27 Missions and End State


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