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Thailand Disaster Management Structure and Links to the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response and Beyond ASEAN DEFENCE ESTABLISHMENTS.

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Presentation on theme: "Thailand Disaster Management Structure and Links to the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response and Beyond ASEAN DEFENCE ESTABLISHMENTS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thailand Disaster Management Structure and Links to the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response and Beyond ASEAN DEFENCE ESTABLISHMENTS AND CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS (CSOs) COOPERATION ON NON-TRADITIONAL SECURITY ( Disaster Management ) 28 June 2010 Royal Orchid Sheraton Hotel & Towers, Bangkok

2 Outline of presentation The Objectives and Elements of AADMER Thailands Disaster Management System Links to the AADMER Areas of linkage/how Challenges/Gaps The Road Ahead

3 The Objective AADMER To provide effective mechanisms to achieve substantial reduction of disaster loss in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of the Parties, and to jointly respond through disaster emergencies through concerted national efforts and intensified regional and international co-operation

4 Core Elements of AADMER (1) Disaster Risk Identification, Assessment, and Monitoring (2) Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (3) Disaster Preparedness (4) Emergency Response (5) Rehabilitation (6) Technical Co-Operation and Scientific Research (7) AHA Centre (8) Institutional Arrangements

5 Activities under AADMER ARDEX (an annual disaster response simulation exercise, guided by SASOP) ASEAN Standby Arrangements (List of earmarked assets and capacities) ASEAN Emergency Rapid Assessment Team (ASEAN ERAT) Others

6 Thailand Disaster Management System Policy level: National Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Committee (Report to The Cabinet) Strategic: Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) (Report to MOI) Strategic/Tactical Level: The Provinces (Report to MOI through DDPM) Operational Level: Local governments (Report to Provincial Governor)

7 National Plan for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation The National Plan for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation is the very important mechanism for disaster management work in the country. Procedures for actions of (1) Pre-disaster; (2) during disaster; and (3) after disaster are the main parts of the National Plan Provisions under the National Plan: Conceptual Framework of disaster management Classification of disaster scale Role and Responsibility of government ministries, agencies, state enterprises etc. Standard Operating Procedure Communication line and means Tools, equipment and personnel

8 When a disaster strikes…… National/Provincial/local Plans shall be activated Local government shall react first Neighboring local governments shall assist Provincial government to support DDPM shall support and coordinate with other national agencies

9 Linking National DM Structure with AADMER AADMER Thailands Disaster Management System SASO P AHA Centr e CIMIC Early Warning Risk Identification DDPM NDPMC Provincial Governor Local governments NGO s Preparedness COP Cabinet MOI ? Work Programme National Focal Points Competent Authority Risk Assessment Rehabilitation Research Technical Cooperation Armed Forces Prime Minister Policy

10 Areas of linkage 1. Disaster Risk Assessment 2. Disaster Monitoring 3. Disaster Prevention and Mitigation 4. Disaster Preparedness 5. Disaster Response 6. Disaster Relief 7. Disaster Reconstruction and Recovery 8. Civil Military Coordination

11 Areas of linkage AreasNational Mechanism/System Link with AADMER 1. Risk Assessment National DPM Committee/ National Plan Landslide risk assessment by DMR Earthquake risk assessment by TMD, DMR Flood risk assessment by RID, DDPM Drought risk assessment by DDPM The Provinces/Local governments Local Risk Assessment via CBDRM Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre Competent Authorities Others 2. Warning/ Monitoring Monitoring National DPM Committee/ National Plan National Disaster Warning Centre (Tropical cyclone, tsunami, earthquake) TMD (Tropical Cyclone, earthquake) DDPM Mr.Disaster Warning Project The Provinces/Local governments Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre Competent Authorities Others

12 Areas of linkage AreasNational Mechanism/System Link with AADMER 3. Prevention and Mitigation National DPM Committee/ National Plan DDPM CBDRM Mr.Disaster Warning Prevention Projects The Provinces/Local governments Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre Competent Authorities Others 4. Preparedness National DPM Committee/ National Plan DDPM DPM Academy (Training) CMEX, Provincial simulation exercise (at least twice a year) Civil Defense Volunteers CBDRM training The Provinces/Local governments Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre Competent Authorities List of Earmarked Assets and Capacities ASEAN Day for DM (Drawing Competition) ARDEX Exercise Others

13 Areas of linkage AreasNational Mechanism/System Link with AADMER 5. Response National DPM Committee/ National Plan DDPM ERT Team CBDRM CMEX Exercise Military Response Team Medical Team Volunteers/Red Cross The Provinces/Local governments (as first responders, OTOS) Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre Competent Authorities ARDEX, ASEAN ERAT Others 6. Disaster Relief National DPM Committee/ National Plan DDPM Emergency Relief Fund/supplies Knock-down house Dept. of Social Welfare / Red Cross Military The Provinces/Local governments Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre Competent Authorities Others

14 Areas of linkage AreasNational MechanismLink with AADMER 7. Reconstruction and Recovery National DPM Committee/ National Plan Line Agencies/Ministries (Development Agencies etc) DDPM Special projects The Provinces/Local governments Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre 8. Civil Military Coordination National DPM Committee/ National Plan DDPM Armed Forces (Army, Navy, Air Force) The Provinces/ Local governments Through joint activities under the AADMER Work Program ARDEX DDPM as the NFP to coordinate with the agencies concerned and AHA Centre

15 Challenges There are many actors in disaster management system in Thailand. It is a big challenge to give an equal or suitable role to all As Thailand is not much a disaster prone country, to make the disaster risk reduction on top of the National Agenda is not an easy job The challenge will be on the shoulder of DDPM, as the National Focal Point in Disaster Management, to start the process of linking national mechanism with the AADMER

16 The Road Ahead Establishment of a national committee (or sub- committee under the National DPM Committee, that would be directly responsible for the Implementation of the Agreement Formulation of National SOPs (Request and Offer Assistance) Establishment of SAR team, ERAT relief teams that has the international capacity Make the AADMER more widely known to other agencies/organizations and have more engagements from them Others

17 Thank you for your attention


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