Presentation on theme: "MALAYSIA ARMED FORCES HADR PROCESS AND EXPERIENCES"— Presentation transcript:
1 MALAYSIA ARMED FORCES HADR PROCESS AND EXPERIENCES BISMILLAHHIROHMANIROHIM, ASSALAMUALAIKUM WARAHMATULLAH HIWABARAHKATUH and Good Morning. Thank you Mr Chairman. Distinguish Guests, Course Participants, Ladies and Gentlemen, I’m Lt Kol Nordin bin Mohd Yusof from the Malaysian Joint Force HQ. I’m the desk officer for HADR in the Malaysia JF HQ. First and foremost I would to thank KOMLEK for inviting me to give a short presentation on this topic.Although, Malaysia involvement in HADR operations has started for more than 10 years ago but it is still new to us. We are in the process of developing a Malaysia Joint Doctrine and SOP on HADR both Domestic and International.
2 INTRODUCTIONProblems, destruction to property and life caused by natural disaster are becoming increasingly intense nowadaysMilitary forces are becoming a major contributor to disaster relief because of their rapid mobilization and logistic capabilitiesINTRODUCTIONLadies and Gentlemen, Problems, destruction to property and life caused by natural disaster are becoming increasingly intense nowadays. Despite of recently available technological advance, it is still considered as near impossible to accurately predict major disaster and subsequently prepare preventive measures.With that in view, Military forces are becoming a major contributor to disaster relief because of their rapid mobilization and logistic capabilities.This is because they are a trained, cohesive workforce that can plan and conduct large-scale tasks at short notice, especially in situations of degraded infrastructure. Military assistance during HADR operations includes transport and logistical support, evacuation, rescue, medical services, shelter and emergency supplies.Trained, cohesive workforce that can plan and conduct large-scale tasks at short notice
3 MAF IN INTERNATIONAL HADR ARENA 1992-2013 TACLOBAN 2013FLORES 1992MAF IN INTERNATIONALHADR ARENAPADANG 2009CHAMMAN 2002The Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) have been involved in a variety of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations locally as a well as overseas. Locally, the MAF has been involved in the almost yearly occurrence of floods as well as during disasters such as Hurricane Greg which hit Sabah in 1996, the Highland Towers incident in December 1993 and the Bukit Antarabangsa landslide in December to name a few.The Malaysian Armed Forces involvement in HADR operations abroad providing assistance to neighboring countries can be traced back to the December during the Flores TsunamiMYANMAR 2008ACEH 2004YOGYAKARTA 2006BATTAGRAM 2005
4 TACLOBAN AIRPORT NOV 2013 – VIEW FROM RMAF C-130 COCKPIT and up to recently the Super typhoon Haiyan in Phillippines November 2013.TACLOBAN AIRPORT NOV 2013 – VIEW FROM RMAF C-130 COCKPIT
5 SCOPEMAF HADR PROCESSMAF EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES IN HADR OPERATIONSQ AND ALadies and gentlemen, the scope of my presentation this morning are:
6 Good and practical organization structure MAF HADR PROCESSHADR must be addressed rapidly at the initial phase to optimize the saving of human lives and properties, especially basic infrastructure for human amenitiesEach HADR operation is unique. The initial response may occur in relative chaos and there is often a mismatch between necessary resource and situational needs, adding to uncertainty and tension. The complexity of disaster in recent years has made specialization, coordination and command & control pertinent factors in providing humanitarian assistance to the affected state. HADR must be addressed rapidly at the initial phase to optimize the saving of human lives and properties, especially basic infrastructure for human amenities. Therefore, a good and practical organization structure effectively facilitates the assistance that is required.Good and practical organization structureis required
7 In some country the military may have primary responsibility and virtually all the resources to execute HADR missionsMilitary involvement in HADR varies with each country, although all military forces should operate in accordance with UN Security Council or Multinational Forces (MNF) mandate and directives or other relevant international agreements and frameworks. In some country, the military may have primary responsibility and virtually all the resources to execute HADR missions. In other country, the military plays a supporting role and may become directly involved only in life-threatening situations.In other country, the military plays a supporting role and may become directly involved only in life-threatening situations
8 DISASTER NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE CENTRAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF COMMITTEE (CDMRC)STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF COMMITTEE (SDMRC)Organisation Structure A good organization structure is of paramount importance in this type of operations. It should facilitate the collaboration, cooperation and understanding among the agencies participating in the operations. As far as disaster management in Malaysia is concerned, we have two types of organization structure or Command and Control they are, the Local/Domestic Disaster and Foreign/International HADR Assistance.a. Local or Domestic Disaster. National Security Council (NSC) is the Secretariat for the Disaster Management and Relief Committee (DMRC) at all levels in the management of the disaster concerned. At national level, the Central DMRC are responsible for the overall disaster management throughout the country. While at states and districts level, it will be the responsible of the State Disaster Management and Relief Committee (SDMRC) and District Disaster Management and Relief Committee (DDMRC). The flow chart of the National Disaster Management Committee is as illustrated: ExplainDISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF COMMITTEE (DDMRC)DISASTERKUANTAN FLOODS 2013
9 MECHANISM OF ACTIVATION – DOMESTIC NSC DIRECTIVE NO 20 OGANGOMAFARMYNAVYAIR FORCEIn Malaysia, the National Focal Point of Disaster Management is the National Security Council or NSC. The reference document in Disaster Management locally is the National Security Council Directive No 20. A National Crisis chaired by the Prime Minister will have the Chief of Defence Force as a panel member. At the State Level, the Brigade Commander will be the Malaysian Armed Forces Representative and at the District Level, the Commanding Officer of a nearby military installation will be the Armed Forces representative.Committees at National/State/District LevelNSC – National Security Council – NationalFocal Point for Disaster ManagementMAF – Malaysian Armed ForceOGA – Other Government AgenciesNGO – Non-Government Agencies
10 OSCC DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE MECHANISM NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL(NSC)EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE(EOC)GOVT AGENCIESRMP, FIRE & RESCUE DEPARTEMNT, SMART, MCDD, MOH, NMEA, MAF, NGOThe Disaster Management and Emergency Response Mechanism: Explain This mechanism is only applicable when Malaysia is capable of managing the disaster by itself.OSCCOSCC – On Scene Command CentreDISASTER
11 DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE MECHANISM NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCILNational Command(Embassy)Humanitarian CommunityUN Office, IHO OfficeEMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE (EOC)Foreign Military ForcesOCHA, AHA, IFRCMNCCCMOCLOLOGOVERNMENT AGENCIESRMP, FIRE AND RESCUE DEPARTMENT, SMART, MLDD, MOH, NMEA, MAF, NGOIn time, when Malaysia unable to cope with the situation and needs or request assistance from other nations and international communities, this organization structure still apply with some additional or other organization will be part of this organization as shown:SAR TeamHADR TeamOSOCC, ERAT,HADR TeamOSCCDISASTER
12 MAF INTERNATIONAL HADR PROCESS AFFECTED STATE/AHA CENTRE/UNMOFAREQUEST FOR ASSISTANCESOGANSCIDENTIFIED TYPES OF HADR ASSISTANCEAND ISSUED MANDATENGOMAF HQISSUE IDARMY HQAt International Level, the NSC is also responsible in the Deployment of the HADR Team and is schematically represented according to the process flow above. The Malaysian approach to HADR Operations is a One Nation approach consisting of the SMART Team; Malaysian Armed Forces; Other Government Agencies and Non-Government Organizations.b. Foreign/International HADR Assistance When Malaysia received any request for HADR assistance from any nations either bilateral or through AHA Centre or United Nations. The National Security Council (NSC) headed by the Prime Minister, will sit and decide the type of assistances that Malaysia will provide. The NSC will then, forward it to the Malaysia Armed Forces HQ and other related agencies to conduct the operations. At Malaysia Armed Forces HQ, the Joint Chief Committee (JCC) will sit and decide quantum of forces and military assets to be deployed. Once it is finalized, the Chief of Defence Force will then issue the Initiating Directive (ID) to the Joint Force HQ to execute the operations. The Flow Chart of the Malaysia Foreign HADR Assistance:JCCRMN HQRMAF HQALLOCATE ASSIGNED FORCES AND ASSETSJF HQ- - -
14 LESSONS LEARNED CHALLENGES Coordination difficulty Electricity and telecommunications were downHuge amount of debrisHeavy equipment and vehicles un-operational plus fuel scarcityHigh dependency on military aircraft
15 IMPROVEMENTSOnly one agency to coordinateinternational HADR missionsDetailed SOP and protocols for agencies on HADRNeed more detailed coordination and cooperation between Military, OGA and NGO
16 WAY FORWARD LOCAL/DOMESTIC Increase Readiness Infra-structure Process Outcome MeasurementImprovement MeasuresINTERNATIONALParticipation in TrainingCooperationImprove on ASEAN SOPTo meet these challenges - the Malaysian Armed Forces will continuously improve its infrastructure and the processes to increase its readiness. At the international level, participation in bilateral and multi-lateral training will enhance cooperation, improve on the existing SOP and interoperability
17 SUMMARYMAF has been involved in Domestic and International disaster scenesEach disaster is uniqueGood organisation structure and command & Control is paramount importanceLadies and gentlemen, the Malaysian Armed Forces have been involved in domestic and international disasters. Each disaster has been unique and has always been a lesson learned for continuous improvement measure. Critical in disaster response is fulfilling the basic needs of survivor which includes shelter, communication, water, food and also the medical needs. Good organisation structure, command and control is paramount importance in , managing HADR to be effective and efficient.YOGYAKARTA JUN 2006
18 TERIMA KASIHThank YouWith that ladies and gentlemen I end my presentation. Now I open for Q and A. Thank you.
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