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MALAYSIA ARMED FORCES HADR PROCESS AND EXPERIENCES.

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Presentation on theme: "MALAYSIA ARMED FORCES HADR PROCESS AND EXPERIENCES."— Presentation transcript:

1 MALAYSIA ARMED FORCES HADR PROCESS AND EXPERIENCES

2 INTRODUCTION Problems, destruction to property and life caused by natural disaster are becoming increasingly intense nowadays Military forces are becoming a major contributor to disaster relief because of their rapid mobilization and logistic capabilities Trained, cohesive workforce that can plan and conduct large-scale tasks at short notice

3 MAF IN INTERNATIONAL HADR ARENA FLORES 1992 CHAMMAN 2002 ACEH 2004 BATTAGRAM 2005YOGYAKARTA 2006 MYANMAR 2008 PADANG 2009 TACLOBAN 2013

4 TACLOBAN AIRPORT NOV 2013 – VIEW FROM RMAF C-130 COCKPIT

5 SCOPE  MAF HADR PROCESS  MAF EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES IN HADR OPERATIONS  Q AND A

6 MAF HADR PROCESS HADR must be addressed rapidly at the initial phase to optimize the saving of human lives and properties, especially basic infrastructure for human amenities Good and practical organization structure is required

7 In some country the military may have primary responsibility and virtually all the resources to execute HADR missions In other country, the military plays a supporting role and may become directly involved only in life-threatening situations

8 CENTRAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF COMMITTEE (CDMRC) STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF COMMITTEE (SDMRC) DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF COMMITTEE (DDMRC) DISASTER KUANTAN FLOODS 2013

9 MECHANISM OF ACTIVATION – DOMESTIC NSC DIRECTIVE NO 20 NSC MAF OGANGO ARMYNAVY AIR FORCE Committees at National/State/District Level NSC – National Security Council – National Focal Point for Disaster Management MAF – Malaysian Armed Force OGA – Other Government Agencies NGO – Non-Government Agencies

10 DISASTER GOVT AGENCIES RMP, FIRE & RESCUE DEPARTEMNT, SMART, MCDD, MOH, NMEA, MAF, NGO EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE(EOC) NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL (NSC) NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL (NSC) OSCC OSCC – On Scene Command Centre

11 National Command (Embassy) Humanitarian Community UN Office, IHO Office CMOC MNCC LO OCHA, AHA, IFRCForeign Military Forces LO SAR Team HADR Team OSOCC, ERAT, HADR Team GOVERNMENT AGENCIES RMP, FIRE AND RESCUE DEPARTMENT, SMART, MLDD, MOH, NMEA, MAF, NGO EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE (EOC) NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL OSCC DISASTER

12 ARMY HQ RMN HQ RMAF HQ JF HQ IDENTIFIED TYPES OF HADR ASSISTANCE AND ISSUED MANDATE ALLOCATE ASSIGNED FORCES AND ASSETS JCC ISSUE ID REQUEST FOR ASSISTANCES AFFECTED STATE/AHA CENTRE/UN NSC OGA NGO MAF HQ MOFA

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14 LESSONS LEARNED CHALLENGES Coordination difficulty Electricity and telecommunications were down Huge amount of debris Heavy equipment and vehicles un- operational plus fuel scarcity High dependency on military aircraft

15 IMPROVEMENTS  Only one agency to coordinate international HADR missions  Detailed SOP and protocols for agencies on HADR  Need more detailed coordination and cooperation between Military, OGA and NGO

16 WAY FORWARD LOCAL/DOMESTIC Increase Readiness Infra-structure Process Outcome Measurement Improvement Measures INTERNATIONAL Participation in Training Cooperation Improve on ASEAN SOP

17 SUMMARY MAF has been involved in Domestic and International disaster scenes Each disaster is unique Good organisation structure and command & Control is paramount importance YOGYAKARTA JUN 2006

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