Presentation on theme: "Disaster Recovery Management Introduction 11 th Xian China on 27 th August 2007 By Sagarika Wickramasekera."— Presentation transcript:
Disaster Recovery Management Introduction 11 th APAN @ Xian China on 27 th August 2007 By Sagarika Wickramasekera
24 th APAN Meeting Content What is Disaster Management Phenomenon of Natural Disaster in Asia Pacific Region Why we need Disaster Management Disaster Mitigation methods Application of Information Technology in Disaster Management Role Of Sahana in Disaster Management
24 th APAN Meeting What is Disaster Management Discipline dealing with and avoiding risks Involves preparing, supporting, and rebuilding society when natural or man made disasters occur Continuous process by which all individuals, groups, and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid or ameliorate the impact of disasters resulting from the hazards
24 th APAN Meeting Why We Need Disaster Management For Early Warning To foreseeing future disasters To Take prevention methods on reliable information To prohibit Natural disaster occurrence sources.
24 th APAN Meeting Phenomenon of Natural Disasters Many Developing and Developed countries of Asia Pacific Region are situated in the hazard belts if the world and are subject to –Floods –Landslides –Earthquakes –Cyclones –Droughts –Volcanic eruptions –Tsunami –Epdemics
24 th APAN Meeting Occurrence of Disasters Cyclones –Philippines – 38 % of world total – 30 per year –Bangladesh –Vietnam –Fiji –Tonga –Solomon Islands –Samova
24 th APAN Meeting Occurrence of Disasters Contd. Floods – –India Annual floods inundate 40 million hectares – Bangladesh One of the most flood prone countries in the region –Sri Lanka Seasonal floods –China Annual summer floods
24 th APAN Meeting Occurrence of Disasters contd. Earthquakes –70% of the earthquakes are reported from this zone Japan – Once in every 10 years China- 28 th July 1976 caused 240,000 deaths Philippines- Average 5 earthquakes per day India – Pacific ocean seismic zone or Indian ocean seismic Zone. Nepal, Afghanistan, Iran Pacific Islands
24 th APAN Meeting Tsunami –1883 disastrous Krakatowa volcanic eruption caused 36,000 deaths –17 th August 1976, Moro gulf in Philippines caused 8000 deaths (ESCAP,1995) –26 th December, 2004 more than 2 million deaths –Japan, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand etc.. are the some of the badly affected countries in the Asia pacific Region Occurrence of Disasters contd.
24 th APAN Meeting Disaster Mitigation Methods Education Training Development of expertise
24 th APAN Meeting Applications of Information Technology in Disaster Management GIS Remote Sensing Early Warning Systems Internet (Victims and missing persons tracking through the internet) National data bases
24 th APAN Meeting Role of Sahana in Disaster Management