2Clothing design and purpose revealed social statussignified rank, status, office and authority.
3Sumptuary Laws Dictated type of clothes and includedthe types of material and fabrics,the style of the clothesthe color that people were allowed to wearonly Emperor allowed to entirely purple togaThe clothes that men wore, therefore, immediately reflected their status in society.
4Basic garment Tunica made from spun wool provided more room to move knee-length, short-sleeved shirtbelted at the waistworn largely by the plebians, slaves, and freedmenundergarment for higher-class citizensprovided more room to movecooler in the hot summer months
5Tunica Gladiators Slaves Poor Non-citizen Undergarment For citizens. Used for warmthWorn casually
6Toga Official garment of Rome Several types of togas Originally Etruscan for men and womenRoman Republic- exclusively male Roman citizensSeveral types of togasworn by different populations of Roman citizens
8Toga continued large single piece of cloth. ideal ceremonial toga was three times the wearer's height plus his waist measurement.Its width would be seven or eight feet, also depending on the wearer's height and girth.The corners were severely roundedOval shape (literally egg-shaped, with the one end rounded less than the other
9Roman boys White, knee-length tunicas wore a bulla Age 16 or 17 featured a thin purple borderwore a bullapouch attached to a chain worn around the neckcontained various protective charmsAge 16 or 17declared a man and citizenchanged into a solid white tunic -- toga virilis
10Dressing in a toga Difficult with so much material Two slaves helped Romans dressWhere to put pecunia or speeches?Slaves carried items for mastersSinus- folded part at right hip, rising in front of body-acted as pocket
11SinussinusThe elaborate folds of the later toga allowed for a substantial sinus, used as a small pocket.
12Toga style Usually natural wool color Political candidates bleach togas or whiten with chalkeasily seen and recognized in crowds.candida (bright) aut sordita (dirty, worn)Derivative "candidatethe brightened toga was the toga candida (candida = bright)toga candida may help with election butalso source of derision in drama and on streetsDerivative “sordid”If wearer had disarranged hair and is messyeither wearer seeking big favor from patron orappearing as accused in civil law court“variation of "I am too poor and distraught to take care of myself, so please have pity."
13When a boy becomes a man… Etruscansnarrow maroon stripe added to one side of cloth (never really purple)Toga praetexta –Young boys wore narrow-striped versionToga virilis- manly togaAround age 16feast of Liberalia usually in MarchCertain magistrates, priests also wore narrow-striped togabut person old enough that not mistaken for boy
15Roman Women Early Etruscan period and early pre- republican monarchy women wore togas (but this changed)strategically draped so no male gawkingrapidly went out of stylesome scholars connect it to Sabine womenloosely draped toga on woman became sign of a loose woman -- only prostitutes wore them.(story) Agrippina the Younger, Nero's mother, appeared in public in togaTo emphasize her power and man-like authoritymob whispered "harlot" after she passed.
16Roman Women Unmarried Roman women Wore a tunic similar to the Greek chitonShorter sleeves, belted, adorned with pins to shape the garment into different styles.Woman’s status determined color, fabricmarried Roman women wore a stola,looser tunic, long, sleeveless with straps at shoulders,gathered at the waist.a pulla used to cover head and hair when out in public
17strophium et subligaculum First bikini?Undergarmentsstrophium et subligaculumleather, cloth
18Two Styles of the Chiton Female tunicaTwo Styles of the Chiton(Female Tunica)
26Footwear Socccus were slippers without upper work used for indoor wear by both sexesSolea were slippers withupper work commonly wornduring feasts or banquetsvery poor were barefootpoor wore wooden shoes.