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Roman Clothing. Clothing design and purpose  revealed social status  signified rank, status, office and authority.

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Presentation on theme: "Roman Clothing. Clothing design and purpose  revealed social status  signified rank, status, office and authority."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roman Clothing

2 Clothing design and purpose  revealed social status  signified rank, status, office and authority.

3 Sumptuary Laws Dictated  type of clothes and included  the types of material and fabrics,  the style of the clothes  the color that people were allowed to wear  only Emperor allowed to entirely purple toga  The clothes that men wore, therefore, immediately reflected their status in society.

4 Basic garment  Tunica made from spun wool  knee-length, short-sleeved shirt  belted at the waist  worn largely by the plebians, slaves, and freedmenplebians  undergarment for higher-class citizens  provided more room to move  cooler in the hot summer months

5 Tunica Gladiators Slaves Poor Non-citizen Undergarment For citizens. Used for warmth Worn casually

6 Toga  Official garment of Rome  Originally Etruscan for men and women  Roman Republic- exclusively male Roman citizens  Several types of togas  worn by different populations of Roman citizens

7 Toga early toga virilis late toga virilis

8 Toga continued  large single piece of cloth.  ideal ceremonial toga was three times the wearer's height plus his waist measurement.  Its width would be seven or eight feet, also depending on the wearer's height and girth.  The corners were severely rounded  Oval shape (literally egg-shaped, with the one end rounded less than the other

9 Roman boys  White, knee-length tunicas  featured a thin purple border  wore a bulla  pouch attached to a chain worn around the neck  contained various protective charms  Age 16 or 17  declared a man and citizen  changed into a solid white tunic -- toga virilis

10 Dressing in a toga  Difficult with so much material  Two slaves helped Romans dress  Where to put pecunia or speeches?  Slaves carried items for masters  Sinus- folded part at right hip, rising in front of body-acted as pocket

11 The elaborate folds of the later toga allowed for a substantial sinus, used as a small pocket. Sinus sinus

12 Toga style  Usually natural wool color  Political candidates bleach togas or whiten with chalk  easily seen and recognized in crowds.  candida (bright) aut sordita (dirty, worn)  Derivative "candidate  the brightened toga was the toga candida (candida = bright)  toga candida may help with election but  also source of derision in drama and on streets  Derivative “sordid”  If wearer had disarranged hair and is messy  either wearer seeking big favor from patron or  appearing as accused in civil law court  “variation of "I am too poor and distraught to take care of myself, so please have pity."

13 When a boy becomes a man… Etruscans ◦ narrow maroon stripe added to one side of cloth (never really purple)  Toga praetexta –  Young boys wore narrow-striped version  Toga virilis- manly toga  Around age 16  feast of Liberalia usually in March  Certain magistrates, priests also wore narrow-striped toga  but person old enough that not mistaken for boy

14 Toga praetexta

15 Roman Women  Early Etruscan period and early pre- republican monarchy  women wore togas (but this changed)  strategically draped so no male gawking  rapidly went out of style  some scholars connect it to Sabine women  loosely draped toga on woman became sign of a loose woman -- only prostitutes wore them.  (story) Agrippina the Younger, Nero's mother, appeared in public in toga  To emphasize her power and man-like authority  mob whispered "harlot" after she passed.

16 Roman Women  Unmarried Roman women  Wore a tunic similar to the Greek chiton  Shorter sleeves, belted, adorned with pins to shape the garment into different styles.  Woman’s status determined color, fabric  married Roman women wore a stola,  looser tunic, long, sleeveless with straps at shoulders, gathered at the waist.  a pulla used to cover head and hair when out in public

17 Undergarments strophium et subligaculum leather, cloth First bikini?

18 Two Styles of the Chiton (Female Tunica) Female tunica

19 Chiton

20 The chitons could be secured with brooches known as fibulae Fibula

21 Stola and palla

22 Jewelry

23 More jewelry

24 Popular hairstyles

25 Footwear Caliga- shoes worn by Roman soldiers

26 Footwear  Socccus were slippers without upper work used for indoor wear by both sexes  Solea were slippers with upper work commonly worn during feasts or banquets  very poor were barefoot  poor wore wooden shoes.

27 Signet ring

28 Dressing up!

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