2Questions What type of hairstyles are popular among women today? What type of hairstyles are popular among men today?Do hairstyles change popularity? Why or why not?What influences hairstyle?What does a beard say about a man today?
3Women HairstylesRoman women originally dressed their hair with great simplicity. One of the simplest styles of wearing the hair was allowing it to fall down in tresses behind, and only confining it by a band encircling the head.
4Women Hairstyles (continued) Simple hairstyles for married women changed during the reign of the Emperor Augustus when a variety of different and elaborate hairstyles came into fashion.The clothing fashions of Roman women remained relatively simple and unchanging and as women had no special dress that distinguished their status the wealthy women wore luxurious materials, highly elaborate hairstyles, make-up and expensive jewelry.
5Roman Hairstyles (Empire) During the rule of the Flavian emperors ( BC) hairstyles were raised to a great height by rows of false curls.
7Hair AccessoriesVarious accessories were used to create elaborate and striking hairstyles. The accessories used to create the elaborate hairstyles were as follows:Perfume was applied to provide pleasant smelling hairCurling tongs were used to create hairstylesA variety of different combs and hairbrushes were usedHairnets were worn made of finely woven gold wiresWire supports were used to create hairstylesHair pins were used to create hairstylesRibbons were used to enhance hairstylesGarlands of flowersPrecious jewels were thread into the hair and jewels were featured in tiaras and head dressesGold and pearls were also popular as hair accessories and to create intricate hairstyles
8Ornatrices – Roman Hairdressers As the Roman Hairstyles for women became more elaborate and an important sign of status it became necessary for slaves to create the latest fashionable hairstyles. These slaves were highly skilled and valued. The Roman slave hairdressers were called ornatrices.
9Roman Men’s HairThe Roman Hairstyles for men changed over the years. In early times the Romans wore their hair long but after the introduction of barbers into Italy about B.C. 300, it became the practice to wear their hair short.
10Thinning CaesarA full head of hair was prized by Roman men and Julius Caesar went to great pains to hide his thinning hair.It is said that of all the honors decreed to Caesar by the senate he was best pleased with that of always wearing a laurel crown, because it covered his baldness, which was considered a deformity.
11Julius Caesar with his laurel wreath conspicuously covering up his thinning hair
12Evolution of Men’s Hair The leading figure during the period of the Roman Empire was of course the Emperor and if he adopted a new hairstyle then this was quickly adopted by other Roman men.
13NeroThe Emperor Nero (54-68 CE) adopted elaborate hairstyles with curls framing his face.Roman curling tongs were used for this purpose.Nero set another fashion in hairstyles and started to wear sideburns.
14Roman BeardsBarbarus – Beards were deemed improper for much of the Roman Republic and it was associated with outside peoples, hence the word: “barbarians”.But Remember, for men, the emperor can dictate the hot fashion trend of the time period.
15HadrianThe Emperor Hadrian ( CE) was the first emperor to wear a short beard which then became quite common among Roman men.
16ConstantineIn his later years the Emperor Constantine wore false hair of various colors which was carefully arranged and perfumed.Wealthy Roman men followed his lead and dyed their hair in a variety of dark and light shades and the wearing of wigs also became fashionable.