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The basics of dressing an empire.   The tunica was the basic garment of the ancient world.  It is the base for any Roman costume, male or female. 

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Presentation on theme: "The basics of dressing an empire.   The tunica was the basic garment of the ancient world.  It is the base for any Roman costume, male or female. "— Presentation transcript:

1 The basics of dressing an empire

2   The tunica was the basic garment of the ancient world.  It is the base for any Roman costume, male or female.  Its construction is basically two rectangles sewn together, with holes for the arms and head.  Made of wool or linen  A note on Clavi: two basic widths, Equestrian and Senatorial.  Equestrian: 1 ½” wide  Senatorial: 3” wide  White tunic w/ purple clavi is reserved for senators. Tunica

3   Roman riding pants.  Made of wool or leather  Could be either knee length or full length (see Thorsburg trousers)  Originally considered effeminate, but became more popular as the Romans moved into colder climates.  Fit loosely around the waist with a draw string  Close fitting around the knees and lower legs. Bracae

4   Waist sash, originally worn by the Roman military.  Became more common as a way to blouse the tunica.  Made of either wool or linen Fascia Ventralis

5   Wool socks  Lots of argument about knitting vs. nålbinding.  Best option is to use a sewn sock as seen in the picture.  This would have been sewn wool.  Roughly in the shape of a boot. Udones

6   Paenula (pictured)  Half circle cloak with a hood.  Sagum  Essentially a long rectangular piece of wool that can double as a blanket (traditionally associated with the military  Paludementum  An officers cloak, worn suspended from the left shoulder and draped around the left arm.  More fashion than form.  Cloaks would have been made of wool, or leather is a few cases. Cloaks

7   Men’s underwear… Subligaculum

8   Extremely formal garment  Could be 5-15 yards of undyed white wool  Traditionally around 6 yards  Draped around the body without using any pins  Held in place by immobilizing the left arm. The Toga

9   Padded garment worn under armor.  Quality and style was determined by wealth and rank  Could be fabric or leather  Pterugies are predominantly for decoration, some protection offered from layered linen. Subarmalis

10  Shoes CarbatinaCaligae Calcei

11   Several samples similar to a bikini bottom were found in a well in London. They were made of leather.  According to several male authors, women wore breast bands made of fabric. Ladies Under Garments

12   Similar to a man’s tunic, except that it is longer.  Would be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend of silk woven into linen or cotton  Dyed in any available natural color Women’s Under Tunic

13   Outer dress worn over under tunic.  Wealth of the wearer was demonstrated by the type of material the garment was made out of.  Would be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend or silk woven into linen or cotton  Dyed in any available natural color Stola

14   Long shawl like garment, worn to cover the head and shoulders.  Could also be worn as a veil  Would be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend or silk woven into linen or cotton  Dyed in any available natural color Palla

15   Greek style of dress popular throughout the empire  Gathered below the bust line using a cord or fabric tie.  Would be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend of silk woven into linen or cotton  Dyed in any available natural color Peplos

16  Ladies Shoes

17   Men and women wore necklaces, bracelets and torques. Men of rank often possessed signet rings.  Romans were fond of semi- precious stones. Pearls were hugely popular.  Native Etruscans and Egyptians were highly skilled in gold workers. Jewelry

18   The most common fabric was wool followed by linen and cotton. Silk was a luxury fabric imported from Serica (China).  A variety of natural dyes were used such as lichen, flowers, tree bark and certain minerals.  Dyes were set using tannic acid, salt and uric acid found in… urine! This ingredient was also a key in bleaching and cleaning fabric. Dying methods and materials

19   The life of a garment would largely depend on the type of wear on the garment and what the garment was made of.  A soldiers wool tunic might wear faster than a farmers wool tunic because of the wear the armor places on the material  But a wool tunic would probably outlive a linen tunic as well as hold dyes better than linen. Life expectancy of a garment


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