Presentation on theme: "Roman Clothing and Costume of the Imperial Era"— Presentation transcript:
1Roman Clothing and Costume of the Imperial Era The basics of dressing an empire
2Tunica The tunica was the basic garment of the ancient world. It is the base for any Roman costume, male or female.Its construction is basically two rectangles sewn together, with holes for the arms and head.Made of wool or linenA note on Clavi: two basic widths, Equestrian and Senatorial.Equestrian: 1 ½” wideSenatorial: 3” wideWhite tunic w/ purple clavi is reserved for senators.
3Bracae Roman riding pants. Made of wool or leatherCould be either knee length or full length (see Thorsburg trousers)Originally considered effeminate, but became more popular as the Romans moved into colder climates.Fit loosely around the waist with a draw stringClose fitting around the knees and lower legs.
4Fascia Ventralis Waist sash, originally worn by the Roman military. Became more common as a way to blouse the tunica.Made of either wool or linen
5Udones Wool socks Lots of argument about knitting vs. nålbinding. Best option is to use a sewn sock as seen in the picture.This would have been sewn wool.Roughly in the shape of a boot.
6Cloaks Paenula (pictured) Sagum Paludementum Half circle cloak with a hood.SagumEssentially a long rectangular piece of wool that can double as a blanket (traditionally associated with the militaryPaludementumAn officers cloak, worn suspended from the left shoulder and draped around the left arm.More fashion than form.Cloaks would have been made of wool, or leather is a few cases.
8The Toga Extremely formal garment Could be 5-15 yards of undyed white woolTraditionally around 6 yardsDraped around the body without using any pinsHeld in place by immobilizing the left arm.
9Subarmalis Padded garment worn under armor. Quality and style was determined by wealth and rankCould be fabric or leatherPterugies are predominantly for decoration, some protection offered from layered linen.
11Ladies Under GarmentsSeveral samples similar to a bikini bottom were found in a well in London. They were made of leather.According to several male authors, women wore breast bands made of fabric.
12Women’s Under TunicSimilar to a man’s tunic, except that it is longer.Would be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend of silk woven into linen or cottonDyed in any available natural color
13Stola Outer dress worn over under tunic. Wealth of the wearer was demonstrated by the type of material the garment was made out of.Would be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend or silk woven into linen or cottonDyed in any available natural color
14Palla Long shawl like garment, worn to cover the head and shoulders. Could also be worn as a veilWould be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend or silk woven into linen or cottonDyed in any available natural color
15Peplos Greek style of dress popular throughout the empire Gathered below the bust line using a cord or fabric tie.Would be made of wool, linen or silk, or blend of silk woven into linen or cottonDyed in any available natural color
17JewelryMen and women wore necklaces, bracelets and torques. Men of rank often possessed signet rings.Romans were fond of semi-precious stones. Pearls were hugely popular.Native Etruscans and Egyptians were highly skilled in gold workers.
18Dying methods and materials The most common fabric was wool followed by linen and cotton. Silk was a luxury fabric imported from Serica (China).A variety of natural dyes were used such as lichen, flowers, tree bark and certain minerals.Dyes were set using tannic acid, salt and uric acid found in… urine! This ingredient was also a key in bleaching and cleaning fabric.
19Life expectancy of a garment The life of a garment would largely depend on the type of wear on the garment and what the garment was made of.A soldiers wool tunic might wear faster than a farmers wool tunic because of the wear the armor places on the materialBut a wool tunic would probably outlive a linen tunic as well as hold dyes better than linen.