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■Essential Question ■Essential Question: –What are the major political, economic, & social themes of the American Revolution? ■Warm-Up Question ■Warm-Up.

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Presentation on theme: "■Essential Question ■Essential Question: –What are the major political, economic, & social themes of the American Revolution? ■Warm-Up Question ■Warm-Up."— Presentation transcript:

1 ■Essential Question ■Essential Question: –What are the major political, economic, & social themes of the American Revolution? ■Warm-Up Question ■Warm-Up Question: –Prepare for unit 2 review game (“inter- galactic death match”)

2 Unit 2 Review ■Each group will be presented a prompt & will list as many correct answers as possible (unless a cap is provided) within 1 minute ■Groups earn 1 point per correct response; If any part of the response is incorrect, teams receive no points for that round ■The winning group earns 105, others earn 100, 95, 90, 85…

3 Prompt #1 Prompt #1 Identify 3 important facts about the Albany Congress

4 Albany Congress ■Meeting in 1754 to discuss Indian attacks on western frontier ■Reveals a common colonial problem ■Ben Franklin proposes Albany Plan of Union— a continental army funded by colonial taxes ■Rejected by colonial assemblies; Don’t want to pay for it & don’t trust other colonies to direct the army ■Rejected by Parliament (too much power) ■Revealed lack of colonial unity before F&I War

5 Prompt #2 Prompt #2 Identify 3 causes & 3 effects of the French & Indian War

6 French & Indian War ■Causes: –Imperial competition (England v France) –Colonial expansion into the Ohio River Valley –Washington’s attack on Fort Duquesne ■Effects: –France lost its North American colonies & India –Spain gained lands west of Miss River –Britain gained lands east of Miss River, Florida, India, & the West Indian slave trade –British war debts –End of salutary neglect & rise of parliamentary sov

7 Prompt #3 Prompt #3 Identify the following 1.William Pitt 2.Declaratory Act (1766) 3.Circular Letter (1767) 4.First Continental Congress (1774) 5.Second Continental Congress (1775-1777) 6.Prohibitory Act (1775)

8 1.William Pitt—PM during French & Indian War whose “blank check” led to British win & debts 2.Declaratory Act—reasserted Parl Sovereignty after the Stamp Act was repealed 3.Circular Letter—sent by MA legislature to encourage boycotting Townshend Acts; led to dissolution of the MA assembly 4.1 St Continental Congress—met to protest Intolerable Acts & find ways to support Boston 5.Prohibitory Act—British restrictions of trade, blocked ports, hired Hessians in response to 2 nd Continental Congress 6.2 nd Continental Congress—formed colonial army under Washington after Lex/Concord

9 Prompt #4 Prompt #4 Identify 5 revenue taxes imposed by England

10 Revenue Taxes ■Sugar Act ■Stamp Act ■Currency Act ■Quartering Acts ■“Grenville Acts” ■Townshend Acts ■(Tea Act of 1773 was not a revenue tax)

11 Prompt #5 Prompt #5 Name 6 examples of “Parliamentary Sovereignty” imposed upon the colonies before the revolution

12 “Parliamentary Sovereignty” ■Proclamation Line of 1763 ■Sugar, Stamp, Currency, Quartering Acts (“Grenville Acts”, 1764-65) ■Declaratory Act (1766) ■Townshend Acts (1767) ■Dissolved the MA colonial assembly (1767) ■Intolerable (Coercive) Acts (1774) ■Quebec Act (1774) ■Prohibitory Act (1775)

13 Prompt #6 Prompt #6 Identify 5 cause & effect relationships, 1763-1776 (“Event X” led to “Reaction Y”)

14 ■F&I War → British debts; Revenue taxes ■Sugar Act → “no taxation w/out rep” but no mass protest ■Stamp Act → Stamp Act Congress; boycotts, Sons of Liberty formed ■Boycotts → Repeal of Stamp/Townshend Acts ■Circular Letter → No more MA assembly ■Tea Act, 1773 → Boston Tea Party ■Boston Tea Party → Intolerable/Coercive Acts ■Intolerable Acts → 1 st CC & Suffolk Resolves ■Lex/Concord → Am. Rev, 2 nd CC, Cont Army ■Continental Army → Prohibitory Act ■Common Sense → Dec of Independence

15 Prompt #7 Prompt #7 Name 3 military advantages each of the British & colonial armies during the American Revolution

16 Military Advantages ■British: –400% bigger army (lots of Hessians) –Best navy –Manufacturing base for war supplies –More experienced generals –A stronger alliance with local Indians –Control of most American cities –Better funded ■Colonial: –Defensive strategy (Don’t have to “win”) –Fighting for liberty & independence –Knowledge of terrain –Short supply lines –Alliance with France (help from Spain) –Militias could intimidate loyalists –Guerilla attacks

17 Prompt #8 Prompt #8 Identify the following 1.Significance of Lexington/Concord 2.Significance of Saratoga 3.Significance of Yorktown 4.Olive Branch Petition 5.“General Pardon” 6.Marquis de Lafayette 7.Valley Forge, PA

18 1.Lex/Concord—1 st battle of the Am Rev 2.Saratoga—“turning point”; French alliance 3.Yorktown—Cornwallis’ surrender; End of war 4.Olive Branch Petition—rejected request by 2 nd CC (1775) to king to return to salutary neglect 5.General Pardon—In 1776, General Howe allowed colonists to swear an oath to the king & avoid prosecution; thousands did 6.Lafayette—Frenchman who assisted Washington during the Revolution 7.Valley Forge—winter fort for continental army; American troops faced starvation

19 Prompt #9 Prompt #9 Identify 3 changes & 3 continuities in America from 1763 to 1783

20 Changes: 1.Salutary neglect → parl. sovereignty 2.British colonies → independent states 3.Lack of colonial unity → unified “patriots” 4.Spanish lost Florida → Spanish regained FL 5.British control of Ohio Valley → American Continuities: 1.Self-govt was democratic but legislatures were controlled by the elite land owners 2.Slavery remained in place 3.Patriarchal society 4.Gap between rich & poor was wide 5.Britain was still the dominant trade partner 6.Regions had different economies, cultures

21 Prompt #10 Prompt #10 Name 3 impacts of “Salutary Neglect” on the American colonies before the revolution

22 ■Formation of colonial assemblies ■Ability of colonies to create their own laws/taxes ■More democracy in the colonies than in Britain ■Relaxed emigration policy led to rapid population growth ■Regional diversity among the colonies because colonists, not the king, could dictate the “personality” of their colony ■“Free trade” until the Navigation Acts of 1660 ■Weak royal governors (paid by assemblies) ■Precedent for democratic self-gov’t that would allow for a republican form of gov’t after 1783 Salutary Neglect

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