Presentation on theme: "The American Revolutionary War. General Overview of War In the early months/years of the war most of the fighting took place in the Northern areas of."— Presentation transcript:
General Overview of War In the early months/years of the war most of the fighting took place in the Northern areas of New England and New York. Fighting extended as far South as New Jersey Colonists were very unorganized, out manned, out gunned, and underfunded. British leaders were much more experienced and prepared. Many officers had a hard time accepting orders from Washington because of his lack of experience and knowledge. (Many officers were former British officers) From 1775-almost 1777 Colonists lost or were forced to retreat from nearly every battle. By the end of 1775 British were forced to widen their plans to isolating New England to include N.Y, N.J, and P.A. Were not able to capture Washington and his troops After Saratoga (1777) British were forced to move farther South (S.C) where they would have loyalist support and then push North while other forces pushed South. Open battles like Camden went poorly for Colonists but small Guerilla attacks worked well. Failing loyalists support and inability to move North forced British to abandon their Southern Campaign. By 1781 with French army and navy support the Colonists were able to force a British surrender at Yorktown.
Causes of the Revolutionary War Solitary Neglect French and Indian War Sugar Act Navigation Act Writs of Assistance Declaratory Acts Stamp Act Townshend Acts Boston Massacre Boston Tea Party Common Sense Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts)
Key Players Colonists Identify the Key Colonial people 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Answers 1. Ben Franklin 2.John Adams 3.Thomas Jefferson 4.Marquis De Lafayette 5.Colonel Morgan 6.Samuel Adams 7.John Hancock 8.George Washington
Key Players British Identify these key people: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Answers 1.King George III 2.General Howe 3.Admiral Howe 4.General Lee 5.Lord Cornwallis 6.Benedict Arnold 7.General Gage 8.General Clinton
Strategies Of the War British Strategies – British didn’t take the Colonial uprising seriously at its outset – Taxes for Colonists were much less then that of British citizens living in the United Kingdom – Britain sent about 10% of their military force to the colonies – Believed if they could isolate the problem (idea of Revolution and Independence) they could bring American Colonies back under control – First tried to isolate Boston (FAILED) – Second tried to isolate New England (couldn’t capture Washington and after Saratoga FAILED) – Third tried to gain Southern Loyalists support and push North through N.C and Virginia while the other half pushed South from New York. (FAILED) Colonial Strategies – Strategic retreats: Don’t get captured in the open field – Drag out the war as long as possible – Obtain Foreign support (France, Spain) – Borough money when possible and raise the war expense for the British – Resupply using British weapons and clothing – Gain proper training from the French – Avoid large open field battles
Outcome/impact of the War Treaty of Paris: Weak, British were still able to occupy Western Forts Major debt: currency from the war was worthless and left many businesses and individuals without money Sectionalism takes root: The South and Northern areas began to separate even farther. Loyalists and Patriots clash: Many Loyalists lost everything they had to looting and piracy. Forming a Government was the most difficult challenge. France viewed alliance as permanent: Many others wanted to renew lucrative trade with Britain while others saw it as a betrayal.