Presentation on theme: "Sovereignty, Authority, & Power BY: GRANT LANGFORD, RYAN JOHNSTON, & TAYLOR ZITO."— Presentation transcript:
Sovereignty, Authority, & Power BY: GRANT LANGFORD, RYAN JOHNSTON, & TAYLOR ZITO
Political Structure, Communication, & Socialization Political Structure refers to institutions or groups and their relations to each other, their patterns of interaction within political systems and to political regulations. Communication refers to policy-making and guidance for consistent information activity within an organization and between organizations. Socialization the establishment of socialist government; the nationalization of industry and other national resources.
Nation & States Nation is a large aggregate of people united by common descent, history, culture, or language, inhabiting a particular country or territory. Ex: Kurds. State is an organized political community under one government. Ex: Libya. Nation-State is a sovereign state whose citizens or subjects are relatively homogeneous in factors such as language or common descent. Ex: Japan
Supranational Governance Def.- outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations. Ex: European Union
Sources of Power Sources of power are the roots of political power. These sources include: human resources, skills and knowledge, authority, material resources, and intangible factors.
Constitutions A system of beliefs and rules by which a state, country, or organization is organized. The purposes of a constitution are to establish an organized population, promote general warfare, and secure life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The people of Great Britain all follow a constitution, but they do not actually have one in writing.
Regime Types Regime is an authoritarian government. The five regime types are a monarchy, dictatorship, aristocracy, oligarchy, and a democracy. In a monarchy, one person or group holds the power. Example: Saudi Arabia. In a dictatorship, one person holds supreme power. Example: Nazi Germany. An aristocracy is a small ruling class. Example: Ancient Sparta. In an oligarchy, there is a small group of wealthy individuals that control the government. Example: Renaissance Venice. In a democracy, the people have the power. Example: United States of America.
Types of Economic Systems Traditional Economy- each new generation will take on the economic position of its elders. A modern day example of a traditional economy is Papua New Guinea. Market Economy- instead of exploiting control of industry and production, this economy is based on consumers and their decisions on buying and selling products. The United States has a market economy. Command Economy- the government controls all of the economic activity. China has a command economy. Mixed Economy- this economy combines command and market ideas into one system.
State Building, Legitimacy, & Stability State building describes the structure of that is functioning. An example would be Libya and Egypt. They are in a process now of figuring out a new government, and how to make it function properly. Legitimacy in the acceptance of an authority. Libya and Egypt are currently trying to decide on an authority and are holding elections for a new leader. In order to keep them stable, they are going to have to pull back their military.
Belief Systems as Sources of Legitimacy: Religion Religion is the belief in a controlling power, usually a God or Gods. This is a source of legitimacy because the person who is trying to run for authority can use his religion to advance himself in the election. Ex: Iran’s government is based mostly on religion.
Belief Systems as Sources of Legitimacy: Ideology Ideology is a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy. Examples would include a democracy, communism, and liberalism. These ideals are what leader base their countries and what make it legitimate.
Governance and Accountability Governance is an exercise of authority. Ex: U.S.; Congress makes the laws, Supreme Court interprets the laws, and the president enforces the laws. Accountability is the condition of being responsible or liable. This relates to authority and power because in order to be a leader you need the belief and trust from your citizens.