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Political Science BALLB Ist sem UNIT - 1

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Presentation on theme: "Political Science BALLB Ist sem UNIT - 1"— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Science BALLB Ist sem UNIT - 1

2 Definition of Political Science
Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity and political behavior. Aristotle defined it as the study of the state. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics, and the analysis of political systems, political behavior, and political culture. Political scientists "see themselves engaged in revealing the relationships underlying political events and conditions, and from these revelations they attempt to construct general principles about the way the world of politics works

3 Nature of Political Science
Political Science is a science Political Science is not a science

4 Scope of Political Science
Political Science emerged as a science of the city state. Political thinker expressed opinions described values and formulated principles on political science such as liberalism, idealism etc.

5 Relevance to Law Study of State Study of Men Study of Government
Study of Political Ideas Study of Political Concepts Study of Constitution Study of International Relations

6 Definition of State A nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government

7 Population Territory Government Sovereignty
Elements of State Population Territory Government Sovereignty

8 Theories of Origin of State
Devine Theory Natural Theory Force Theory Historical / Evolutionary Theory Social Contract Theory Marxist Theory

9 Functions of State Idealistic Theory of State Organic Theory of State
Anarchist Theory of State Individualist Theory of State Positive Liberal Theory of State Marxist Theory of State Functional Theory of State

10 UNIT - 2

11 Definition of Liberalism
Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty (which is especially stressed in classical liberalism) and equality (which is more evident in social liberalism).

12 Definition of Socialism
A political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole

13 Gandhism Gandhism is a body of ideas and principles that describes the inspiration, vision and the life work of Mahatma Gandhi. It is particularly associated with his contributions to the idea of nonviolent resistance, sometimes also called civil resistance

14 Definition of Sovereignty
In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity. It is a basic principle underlying the dominant Westphalian model of state foundation

15 Legal Sovereignty Political Sovereignty
Kinds of Sovereignty Legal Sovereignty Political Sovereignty

16 UNIT - 3

17 Definition of Power In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or control the behavior of people. The term authority is often used for power perceived as legitimate by the social structure

18 Kinds of Power Private Power Public Power Economic Power
Political Power Ideological Power

19 Definition of Authority
The word Authority is used in the name of an organization, this name usually refers to the governing body upon which such authority is vested

20 Kinds of Authority Charismatic Authority Traditional Authority
Rational Legal Authority Political Authority

21 Definition of Legitimacy
In political science, legitimacy is the popular acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime

22 Definition of Liberty Liberty consists of the social and political freedoms guaranteed to all citizens

23 Kinds of Liberty Natural Liberty Moral Liberty Civil Liberty
Political Liberty Economic Liberty Social Liberty Cultural Liberty National Liberty International Liberty

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25 Definition of Democracy
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives

26 Direct Democracy Indirect Democracy
Types of Democracy Direct Democracy Indirect Democracy

27 Definition of Dictatorship
Dictatorship is a form of government where political authority is monopolized by a single person or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure the entity's power remains strong

28 Definition of Military Rule
Full Definition of MILITARY GOVERNMENT. : the government established by a military commander in conquered territory to administer the military law declared by him under military authority applicable to all persons in the conquered territory and superseding any incompatible local law — compare military law

29 Unitary Government A unitary system of government, or unitary state, is a sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme, and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them

30 Characteristics of Unitary Government
A Strong Centre Single Citizenship Single Constitution for Union and States Centre Can Change Name and Boundaries of States Single Unified Judiciary Unitary in Emergencies Common All-India Services Inequality of Representation in the Council of States Appointment of Governor by President Appointment of the High Court Judges by the President

31 Federal Government The structure of federal governments vary. Based on a broad definition of a basic federalism, there are two or more levels of government that exist within an established territory and govern through common institutions with overlapping or shared powers as prescribed by a constitution

32 Characteristics of Federal Government
Supremacy of constitution Written and Rigid constitution Two types of Government Division of Powers Independent Judiciary Dual Citizenship

33 Parliamentary Form of Government
Legislature is Supreme governing body in the system

34 Presidential Form of Government
Executive is neither elected by, nor responsible to Parliament

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36 Legislature Executive Judiciary
Organs of Government Legislature Executive Judiciary

37 Doctrine of Separation of Power

38 Concept of Representation
Modern democracy is indirect democracy of representative democracy. Voters elect representative to perform the function of legislature on their behalf

39 Public Opinion This concept came about through the process of urbanization and other political and social forces. For the first time, it became important what people thought, as forms of political contention changed

40 Public Participation Public participation is the process by which an organization consults with interested or affected individuals, organizations, and government entities before making a decision. Public participation is two-way communication and collaborative problem solving with the goal of achieving better and more acceptable decisions

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