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Principles of Government

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Presentation on theme: "Principles of Government"— Presentation transcript:

1 Principles of Government
Chapter 1

2 Government and the State:
What is Government? The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies Public Policies – All of those things a government decides to do.

3 Three Branches of Government:
Legislative Congress – MAKES LAWS Executive President – ENFORCE LAWS Judicial Courts – INTERPRET LAWS

4 Powers of Government: Constitution Dictatorship Democracy
A body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government Dictatorship Those who rule cannot be held responsible by the people Democracy Supreme authority rests with the people

5 The State: Population – A state must have people
Territory – A state must have land Sovereignty – A state has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies. It is neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority. Government – Every state is politically organized

6 Origins of the State: Force Theory (pg. 7) Evolutionary Theory
Divine Right Theory Social Contract Theory

7 Purpose of Government Form a More Perfect Union Establish Justice
Insure Domestic Tranquility Provide for the Common Defense Promote the General Welfare Secure the Blessings of Liberty

8 Forms of Government: Who Can Participate?
Democracy – Political authority rests with the people. Direct Democracy – Does not exist today – Ancient Greek culture Representative Democracy – small group of people chosen by the people act as representatives of the popular will Dictatorship – Those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people. Autocracy – single person holds unlimited political power. Oligarchy – power to rule is held by a small, usually self- appointed elite.

9 Geographic Distribution of Power:
Unitary - One Branch holds all The Power but not All Power Federal – Powers are divided between central and local governments Confederate – Alliance of Independent States

10 Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches:
Presidential Government – Executive and Legislative Branches are SEPARATE! Parliamentary Government – The Executive Branch is made up of members from the Legislative Branch

11 Basic Concepts of Democracy
Worth of the Individual Equality of All Persons Majority Rule, Minority Rights Necessity of Compromise Individual Freedom

12 Democracy and the Free Enterprise System
Law of Supply and Demand

13 Mixed Economy Government participates to protect the public and preserve private enterprises

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