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World Geography Chapter 3 Population and Culture
Demography the study of populations- including such topics as birth, marriage, migration, and death
Culture The way of life of a group of people with common traditions, interests, and beliefs. A total way of life.
Birth Rate Number of births per year for every 1,000 people. Death Rate Number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people.
The difference between the birth and death rate is called Natural Birth Rate. Zero Population Growth Birth and Death Rates are the same.
Population Distribution Population Pattern- Show where the people are living. Very small percentage of the earth has people living on it.
Migration Movement of people and animals Immigration Moving into a country Emigration Moving out of a country
Population Density The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer.
Urbanization The growth of cities Rural The country side- outside the urban and suburban areas
Industrial Revolution Started the urban movement People moved to cities to find work
Social Organization the family is the most important unit of social organization. Social Classes birth or wealth?
Language All cultures have language Same language= Same culture
Religion helps people answer basic questions about the meaning and purpose of life
Diffusion the spread of cultural traits from one culture to another Acculturation the process of adapting traits from other cultures
Cultural Diffusion The spread of people, ideas, and goods from one culture to another Trade and travel encouraged WAR
Internet and Television
Cultural Hearths The places where civilizations began Egypt- Nile River Valley Iraq- Mesopotamia Pakistan- Indus River Valley China- Huang He River Valley
Mayan Civilization Southern Mexico, Guatemala, & Belize Inca Civilization Peru, Colombia, & Bolivia
Cultural Regions Areas of the earth where certain cultures dominate (this book is divided in 10)
Four specific characteristics that define a country 1. Clearly defined territory 2. Population 3. Sovereignty 4. Government
Territory Land and water within a countries boundaries and all of its natural resources
Population Citizens of a country are afforded protection by the government Citizens of a country must serve their government
Sovereignty a country that can rule itself by establishing its own policies and determining its own course of action
Government Political System the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies and provides for its common needs
Unitary One central government runs the nation Great Britain, Japan, and France ( Parliamentary government)
Federal System the power is shared between the national and state governments
Confederation smaller political units keep their sovereignty and give the central government only very limited powers. Commonwealth of Independent States
Authoritarian government the government is more important than individual freedom The leaders hold all, or nearly all, political power
Dictatorship government in which one leader has full power over a country
Totalitarianism the government tries to control every part of society Nazi Germany- Hitler Soviet Union- Stalin
Monarchy Kings, queens, pharaohs, shahs, sultans- inherit their positions by being born into the ruling family
Democracy a form of government in which the people of a country vote for their leaders the people have the power to set government policy
Free Enterprise private businesses operate with little interference from government Capitalism economic system based on free enterprise
Communism requires the state to make all the economic decisions the state owns and operates all the major farms, factories, utilities, and stores
Socialism the state should own and run basic industries such as transportation, communications, banking, coal mining, and the steel industry This is done for the good of the society as a whole.
Pick a country, write down important facts that you know about their culture, climate, religion.
Chapter 3. Stuck on an island Look at the island drawn on the board You a stranded on the very small island with 100 other people Where would you live?
CHAPTER 3 POPULATION AND CULTURE. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY Culture -- beliefs and actions that define way of life Culture -- beliefs and actions that define way.
Demography - the study of populations: birth & death rates, marriages, families, etc...
What are four characteristics shared by all countries? How do various types of governments/economic systems differ from one another? Questions to ask.
Chapter Three Population and Culture Section Two Political and Economic Systems.
Political & Economic Systems 3-2. I. The World’s Countries O A. Almost 200 independent countries in the world today O B. 4 specific characteristics that.
Chapter 3 Section 2 Political and Economic Systems.
Population and Culture Bell Task: Read Ch. 3 Sec. 1 pp
Political and Economic Systems. Characteristics of a Country four characteristics that define a country: 1. Clearly defined territory 2. Population 3.
World Geography Population and Culture. What are things that humans do to arable land that make it more vulnerable to erosion: Deforestation Over-Farming.
Government & Economic Systems A Journey Into Human Geography.
Chapter 3, Section World Geography Chapter 3 Population and Culture Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle.
WORLD GEOGRAPHY VOCABULARY UNIT 4 Human Geography.
People and Environment Inhabitants adapt to their surroundings Yet can also alter the physical landscape –cutting trees for farming/grazing –damming.
CHAPTER 3 Human Geography/ Political and Economic Systems.
Culture The way of life of a group of people who share beliefs and similar customs.
Political Systems. Characteristics that define a country: 1.Territory 2.Population 3.Sovereignty 4.Government.
Culture The Study of Human Geography Culture Way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
Unit 3: Cultural Geography. Cultural geography is the study of the impact of human culture on the landscape. This includes aspects such as population,
Section 1 The Study of Human Geography Section 2 Political and Economic Systems.
World Geography Vocabulary Review. The process of spreading new knowledge and skills from one culture to another.
Chapter 3 Vocabulary Mr. Greaser. Death Rate Number of deaths per year out of every 1,000 people.
Earth’s Human and Cultural Geography. World Population The worlds population was grown rapidly over the past 200 years, creating new challenges The.
Chapter 4 The Human World Section 3 Political & Economic Systems Section 3 Political & Economic Systems.
Chapter Intro 2 Section 1: World Population The characteristics and distribution of human populations affect physical and human systems. Population growth.
WORLD POPULATION THE FIRST OF THE NOT-SO-BORING STUFF WE WILL LEARN (CHAPTER 4)
CULTURAL CHANGE Acculturation – adapting yourself by taking on the traits of a new culture (music, language, foods, etc.) Diffusion – spread of one culture.
All of the activities that people do to earn a living. Example: going to work, making things, selling things, buying things, and trading services. There.
Chapter 4 Section 3 Political and Economic Systems.
Chapter 3-1 Vocabulary Death Rate – Number of deaths per year out of every 1,000 people Birthrate – Number of children born each year for every 1,000.
Chapter 4 Cultures of the World. What is Culture? I. Culture and its elements –A. Culture – the way of life of people who share similar customs and.
The World’s People Chapter 3 Notes Geography Chapter 3 Objectives: After studying this chapter you will be able to: 1. Explain what makes up a people’s.
Global Cultures. Culture The way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs What languages people speak, what religions they follow,
THE HUMAN WORLD How do the characteristics and distribution of human populations affect human and physical systems?
Government -Purpose -Theories -Categories of Government -Types of Government Learning Targets: I can describe the purpose of government I can compare and.
The Human World Chapter 4. Elements of culture: –All human groups have a culture. Each culture has shared and unique sets of behaviors and attitudes –Language.
Population and Culture. Section 1: Human Geography Geography is also the study of languages, religions, customs, economics, and political systems WHAT.
o Diary/journal o Photographs/film footage o Auto-biography o Letters o Official records (census, logs) o Documents (treaty, constitution, etc.)
The Worlds People World Geography. Major Themes Culture Population Government & Economy Global Connections.
Unit 4 Visual Vocabulary Gilbert. Population The total number of people who live in a specific place.
World’s population: around 6.5 billion people Statistics used to learn about population growth: › Birthrate : number of births per year for every.
POPULATION & CULTURE The Study of Human Geography 3-1.
Section 3 Government & Economics CHAPTER 4 THE HUMAN WORLD.
Systems of Government Unitary system- gives all key powers to the national or central government. –Ex. United Kingdom and France Federal system- divides.
Government System of Ruling the masses. Sovereignty The right to govern and the freedom to decide on the actions of your own government.
Chapter 1 PEOPLE AND GOVERNMENT. THE STATE A political community that occupies a define territory and has an organized government with the power to make.
Chapter 1 Principals of Government. Nation - a group of people who share a common belief system, culture and language. State - a political unit made up.
Political Systems We hang the petty thieves & appoint the great ones to public office. ~Aesop.
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