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World Geography Chapter 3 Population and Culture
Demography the study of populations- including such topics as birth, marriage, migration, and death
Culture The way of life of a group of people with common traditions, interests, and beliefs. A total way of life.
Birth Rate Number of births per year for every 1,000 people. Death Rate Number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people.
The difference between the birth and death rate is called Natural Birth Rate. Zero Population Growth Birth and Death Rates are the same.
Population Distribution Population Pattern- Show where the people are living. Very small percentage of the earth has people living on it.
Migration Movement of people and animals Immigration Moving into a country Emigration Moving out of a country
Population Density The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer.
Urbanization The growth of cities Rural The country side- outside the urban and suburban areas
Industrial Revolution Started the urban movement People moved to cities to find work
Social Organization the family is the most important unit of social organization. Social Classes birth or wealth?
Language All cultures have language Same language= Same culture
Religion helps people answer basic questions about the meaning and purpose of life
Diffusion the spread of cultural traits from one culture to another Acculturation the process of adapting traits from other cultures
Cultural Diffusion The spread of people, ideas, and goods from one culture to another Trade and travel encouraged WAR
Internet and Television
Cultural Hearths The places where civilizations began Egypt- Nile River Valley Iraq- Mesopotamia Pakistan- Indus River Valley China- Huang He River Valley
Mayan Civilization Southern Mexico, Guatemala, & Belize Inca Civilization Peru, Colombia, & Bolivia
Cultural Regions Areas of the earth where certain cultures dominate (this book is divided in 10)
Four specific characteristics that define a country 1. Clearly defined territory 2. Population 3. Sovereignty 4. Government
Territory Land and water within a countries boundaries and all of its natural resources
Population Citizens of a country are afforded protection by the government Citizens of a country must serve their government
Sovereignty a country that can rule itself by establishing its own policies and determining its own course of action
Government Political System the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies and provides for its common needs
Unitary One central government runs the nation Great Britain, Japan, and France ( Parliamentary government)
Federal System the power is shared between the national and state governments
Confederation smaller political units keep their sovereignty and give the central government only very limited powers. Commonwealth of Independent States
Authoritarian government the government is more important than individual freedom The leaders hold all, or nearly all, political power
Dictatorship government in which one leader has full power over a country
Totalitarianism the government tries to control every part of society Nazi Germany- Hitler Soviet Union- Stalin
Monarchy Kings, queens, pharaohs, shahs, sultans- inherit their positions by being born into the ruling family
Democracy a form of government in which the people of a country vote for their leaders the people have the power to set government policy
Free Enterprise private businesses operate with little interference from government Capitalism economic system based on free enterprise
Communism requires the state to make all the economic decisions the state owns and operates all the major farms, factories, utilities, and stores
Socialism the state should own and run basic industries such as transportation, communications, banking, coal mining, and the steel industry This is done for the good of the society as a whole.
Chapter Three Population and Culture Section Two Political and Economic Systems.
CHAPTER 3 POPULATION AND CULTURE. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY Culture -- beliefs and actions that define way of life Culture -- beliefs and actions that define way.
Ch. 4 “People and Places”. 4.1 Elements of Culture Culture: The total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by members of specific.
Chapter 3.1 Understanding Culture. What is Culture? Culture-the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs –We define culture using 8.
Splash Screen. ML Sinibaldi/CORBIS Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Section 1:Section 1:World Population Section 2:Section 2:Global Cultures Section.
Chapter 3.1 Understanding Culture. What is Culture? Culture-the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs –A culture is comprised of.
Chapter Three Population and Culture Section One The Study of Human Geography.
Chapter 1 / Unit 1: Introduction to Government American Government Final Exam Review0.
In this chapter, you will learn how societies have different economic systems – traditional, free enterprise, socialist, or communist. Each of these systems.
Middle East Unit Three Government & Economics. A nation’s type of government refers to how that state’s executive, legislative, and judicial organs.
Chapter 1 Principles of Government Section 1 Government and the State.
Basics of Geography. LEARNING TARGET To understand some of the basic fundamentals of Geography (Purpose / 5 themes / tools / physical geography / human.
Human Geography POPULATIONMIGRATIONECONOMIC SYSTEMS POLITICAL SYSTEMS VOCABULARY GRAB BAG
The World’s People Section 1 - Culture. Aspects of Culture All societies share certain basic institutions. Government An educational system Economic.
Systems of Government Autocracy A system of government in which supreme political power is held by one person. This is one of the oldest and most common.
The World in Spatial Terms Geography is the study of the special physical and human characteristics of a place or region. An important part of geography.
Chapter 4: The Human World. World Population 6.5 Billion.
Unit 1 Basic Political Theory and Historical Roots.
Foundation of American Government Ch.1 – SSCG 1 SSCG 19 SSCG 19.
Mid-Term Review December Fresh water is most likely to be found in? Lakes or Mountain Rivers.
Classifications of Governments Unitary System, Federal System, and Confederacy. Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy. Characteristics of a Democracy.
The Principles of Government What is Government? Terms of Government Theories of How Government Began The Purpose of Government.
GOVERNMENT IN SOUTHERN AND EASTERN ASIA STANDARD: SS7CG6 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government. a. Describe the ways government.
2012. Push/Pull Factors Push Factors Pull Factors Factors causing people to leave a location. War Poverty Unemployment Human Rights Abuse Overcrowding.
Ways Government Distributes Power Federal Unitary Confederation All key powers are held by the central government State/regional authorities hold most.
4 Economic Systems of Gov’t: Market Economy Command Economy Mixed Economy Traditional Economy.
Governments in the Middle East. Unitary Government A unitary government system is one in which the central government holds nearly all of the power. In.
Presentation Pro © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruders American Government C H A P T E R 1 Principles of Government.
Presentation Pro © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruder’s American Government C H A P T E R 1 Principles of Government.
Trace the spatial diffusion of phenomena such as the Columbian Exchange or the diffusion of American popular culture; Describe the effects.
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