Presentation on theme: "Forms of Government and Economic Systems. Cornell Notes Forms of Government Key Points Notes Government Forms of Government."— Presentation transcript:
Forms of Government and Economic Systems
Cornell Notes Forms of Government Key Points Notes Government Forms of Government
Cornell Notes Forms of Government Key Points Notes Government- Gov is social control - they make laws and enforce them - power can be held by one, few, or many - constitution determines Gov. Forms of Government
Government is a system of social control in which a particular group in society is given the power to make laws and enforce them. What is Government? Government power can be held by one individual, a few, or a majority.
A Little More About Government… Governments come in different forms. A constitution is the basic law determining the form of government. The constitution may be written, as in the United States, or largely unwritten, as in Great Britain.
Government’s jobs include: providing for the security of their country keeping order establishing a system of justice so that people are treated fairly providing welfare services to those in need regulating the economy establishing educational systems ***In extreme cases of governmental regulation, every aspect of people's lives is controlled. This is called totalitarianism. Can you think of a novel that has a totalitarian government?
Forms of Government We will be learning about the following forms of government: Democracy Monarchy Theocracy Dictatorship Transitional
Economic Systems And a few economic systems…because they are closely connected to governments! Capitalism Socialism Communism
Forms of Government
Democracy - Supreme power is given to the people. -Democratic countries have free elections where all citizens have a vote.
Democratic Countries Today United States of America Philippines Italy Japan Singapore
Monarchy Rule by a single person (a king or queen), who is the permanent head of state. The term is now used to refer to countries with hereditary rulers. This means that rule is passed down from parent to child. Constitutional monarchies are more common today. Under this system, the powers of the king or queen are restricted to those granted in the constitution. Most constitutional monarchies use a parliamentary system in which the king or queen may have strictly ceremonial duties. They often have an elected prime minister who is the head of government.
Examples of countries with monarchies today: Saudi Arabia Brunei Qatar Oman UAE Great Britain (Constitutional Monarchy) Belgium (CM) Morocco (CM) Bhutan (CM) Monarchy
Theocracy In a theocracy, government leaders are members of the clergy (church officials), and the state's legal system is based on religious law. Rulers are thought to be “divinely guided”.
Theocracy Examples of theocracies today: Iran The Vatican Pope Francis
Dictatorship A government in which a single leader or party exercises absolute control over all citizens and every aspect of their lives. In most cases, this absolute power is exercised in a cruel way. ●Other names for a dictatorship include: Autocracy, Military Junta, Right Wing, Authoritarianism, Totalitarianism or Fascism
Dictatorship Examples of Dictatorships today: North Korea Myanmar (Burma) Sudan
Transitional A transitional government is one that is in the process of changing from one form to another. Countries with transitional governments are often unstable.
Transitional Examples of countries with transitional governments: Egypt Afghanistan Iraq Libya Syria (?)
Economics has to do with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. **One minute table talk: What do the words production, distribution and consumption mean?
Capitalism An economic system in which individuals and corporations are free to invest in and own all aspect of a business. In a capitalist country, people own their own companies and can manage them to earn a profit.
Socialism A political and economic system in which some businesses are controlled by the government rather than by individuals. In a socialist country, people have equal rights to various benefits (health, education), and there is an effort to limit the inequalities of wealth and power. Taxes are often quite high to provide for these benefits.
Communism A political and economic system in which the government controls all business. Individual people cannot own property or industries and in theory, people of all social classes are treated equally. Communist countries have totalitarian governments.
Think of it as a spectrum… Capitalism Socialism Communism __________________________________________________ United States Canada Sweden China Cuba N. Korea
Let’s Review Government and Economic Systems
Let’s Review A government is: A form of social control. Governments make and enforce laws. A government is created using a constitution. Democracy, monarchy, constitutional monarchy, dictatorship, theocracy, and transitional What are some kinds of governments? What is an economic system? It is the way a government handles the production, distribution, and consumption of goods. There are three types: capitalism, socialism, and communism.
Let’s Review Democracy is: A government determined by majority of votes in free elections. A democracy has a president as its head of state. ●Can take two forms: Traditional and Constitutional. ●Monarchies are hereditary (passed from one family member to the next). ●They have a king/queen. ●In a constitutional monarchy, the king/queen is a figurehead and the prime minister has more power. Monarchy is: Theocracy is: A government run by the clergy (officials of a particular church). Their laws are dictated by their religion. The Vatican Iran Saudi Arabia Great Britain (CM) USA The Philippines
Let’s Review Dictatorship is: A government determined by majority of votes in free elections. A democracy has a president as its head of state. A government that is in the process of changing from one to another. This is a very unstable form of rule. Transitional is: Egypt Syria Iraq North Korea
Let’s Review Capitalism is: System where individuals can own or invest in any companies they want. A system where the government owns some businesses. People have equal rights to many benefits like health care. Socialism is: Communism is: Government owns all businesses, and individuals cannot own property.