1Cornell Notes Forms of Government Forms of Government Key Points Notes
2Cornell Notes Forms of Government Forms of Government Key Points Notes - Gov is social control- they make laws and enforce them- power can be held by one, few, or many- constitution determines Gov.
3What is Government?Government is a system of social control in which a particular group in society is given the power to make laws and enforce them.Government power can be held by one individual, a few, or a majority.
4A Little More About Government… Governments come in different forms.A constitution is the basic law determining the form of government.The constitution may be written, as in the United States, or largely unwritten, as in Great Britain.
5Government’s jobs include: providing for the security of their countrykeeping orderestablishing a system of justice so that people are treated fairlyproviding welfare services to those in needregulating the economyestablishing educational systems***In extreme cases of governmental regulation, every aspect of people's lives is controlled. This is called totalitarianism. Can you think of a novel that has a totalitarian government?
6Forms of GovernmentWe will be learning about the following forms of government:DemocracyMonarchyTheocracyDictatorshipTransitional
7Economic SystemsAnd a few economic systems…because they are closely connected to governments!CapitalismSocialismCommunism
9Democracy -Supreme power is given to the people. -Democratic countries have free elections where all citizens have a vote.
10Democratic Countries Today United States of AmericaPhilippinesItalyJapanSingapore
11MonarchyRule by a single person (a king or queen), who is the permanent head of state. The term is now used to refer to countries with hereditary rulers. This means that rule is passed down from parent to child.Constitutional monarchies are more common today. Under this system, the powers of the king or queen are restricted to those granted in the constitution.Most constitutional monarchies use a parliamentary system in which the king or queen may have strictly ceremonial duties. They often have an elected prime minister who is the head ofgovernment.
12Monarchy Examples of countries with monarchies today: Saudi Arabia BruneiQatarOmanUAEGreat Britain (Constitutional Monarchy)Belgium (CM)Morocco (CM)Bhutan (CM)
13TheocracyIn a theocracy, government leaders are members of the clergy (church officials), and the state's legal system is based on religious law.Rulers are thought to be “divinely guided”.
14TheocracyExamples of theocracies today:IranThe VaticanPope Francis
15DictatorshipA government in which a single leader or party exercises absolute control over all citizens and every aspect of their lives.In most cases, this absolute power is exercised in a cruel way.Other names for a dictatorship include: Autocracy, Military Junta, Right Wing, Authoritarianism, Totalitarianism or Fascism
16Dictatorship Examples of Dictatorships today: North Korea Myanmar (Burma)Sudan
17TransitionalA transitional government is one that is in the process of changing from one form to another.Countries with transitional governments are often unstable.
18Transitional Examples of countries with transitional governments: EgyptAfghanistanIraqLibyaSyria (?)
20Economic SystemsEconomics has to do with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.**One minute table talk: What do the words production, distribution and consumption mean?
21CapitalismAn economic system in which individuals and corporations are free to invest in and own all aspect of a business.In a capitalist country, people own their own companies and can manage them to earn a profit.
22SocialismA political and economic system in which some businesses are controlled by the government rather than by individuals.In a socialist country, people have equal rights to various benefits (health, education), and there is an effort to limit the inequalities of wealth and power.Taxes are often quite high to provide for these benefits.
23CommunismA political and economic system in which the government controls all business.Individual people cannot own property or industries and in theory, people of all social classes are treated equally.Communist countries have totalitarian governments.
24Think of it as a spectrum… Capitalism Socialism Communism__________________________________________________United StatesCanadaSwedenChinaCubaN. Korea
25Government and Economic Systems Let’s ReviewGovernment and Economic Systems
26Let’s Review A government is: What are some kinds of governments? A form of social control. Governments make and enforce laws. A government is created using a constitution.What are some kinds of governments?Democracy, monarchy, constitutional monarchy, dictatorship, theocracy, and transitionalWhat is an economic system?It is the way a government handles the production, distribution, and consumption of goods. There are three types: capitalism, socialism, and communism.
27Let’s Review Democracy is: Monarchy is: Theocracy is: A government determined by majority of votes in free elections. A democracy has a president as its head of state.USAThe PhilippinesCan take two forms: Traditional and Constitutional.Monarchies are hereditary (passed from one family member to the next).They have a king/queen.In a constitutional monarchy, the king/queen is a figurehead and the prime minister has more power.Monarchy is:Saudi ArabiaGreat Britain (CM)Theocracy is:A government run by the clergy (officials of a particular church). Their laws are dictated by their religion.The VaticanIran
28Let’s Review Dictatorship is: Transitional is: A government determined by majority of votes in free elections. A democracy has a president as its head of state.North KoreaA government that is in the process of changing from one to another. This is a very unstable form of rule.Transitional is:EgyptSyriaIraq
29Let’s Review Capitalism is: Socialism is: Communism is: System where individuals can own or invest in any companies they want.A system where the government owns some businesses. People have equal rights to many benefits like health care.Socialism is:Communism is:Government owns all businesses, and individuals cannot own property.