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Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 INDERJEET MANDER VIDHI PATEL NIVRITT KOHLI SALMAN MANZOOR."— Presentation transcript:


2 Grammar  Past participles: adjectives that can form verbs  Ex. “to be closed”  “closed”  Drop ending and add  -ado for –ar verbs  -ido for –er and –ir verbs  Ex. Cerrar  cerrado  Example sentence:  “The office is closed.”  “La oficina esta cerrada.”  If reflexive, drop –se from infinitive  Ex. “Peinarse”  “peinando”

3 Imperfect tense  Events that aren’t completed  Something was happening  Something you used to do  How old someone was  Tell what time it was

4  -ar verbs  -aba -abamos  -abas -abais  -aba -aban  -er and –ir verbs  -ia -iamos  -ias -iais  -ia -ian

5  Irregular  Ser  Era, eras, era, eramos, erais, eran  Ir  Iba, ibas, iba, ibamos, ibais, iban  Ver  Veia, veias, veia, veiamos, veiais, veian

6 Preterite vs. Imperfect  Preterite  Use when specific beginning and end time  Imperfect  Use when not stating when action began/ended  Both (in a sentence)  Preterite: action that happened  Imperfect: what happened at that time  Ex. Cuando la guerra termino, Santa Ana era presidente de Mexico.

7 Culture  San Juan Parangaricutiro, Mexico  Only the ruins of a church remain  Volcano Paricutin destroyed the city  In Nicaragua, there are footprints that are about 6000 years old that were preserved in the mud and volcanic ash (Las Huellas de Acahualinca).  Alfredo Zalce Torres  Painted the markets and people of Morelia, MX  Painted lives of indigenous people from Michoacan  Paintings are in the Governor’s Palace, called “Historia de Michoacan,” illustrates 500 years of the history

8 El fuego y el tlacuache Story about the origin of fire  A stone in flames fell from a star  An old woman took the flame into her home  She used it to cook and stay warm but didn’t share  An opossum said he could bring them the fire  He went to the woman’s house and asked to sit by the fire to keep warm  He lit his tail on fire and brought it out  That’s why the opossum has a bald tail

9 Vocabulary God Army Emperor Enemy Warrior Hero Heroine Young man Dio Ejercito Emperador Enemigo Guerrero Heroe Heroina Joven Princess Princesa

10 Vocab Mountain Palace Volcano Battle War Get Married Tell a story To carry To cry To die Montana Palacio Volcan Batalla Guerra Cascarse Contar Llevar Llorar Morir

11 Little more Fight Return Transform Legend Message Narration Character Pelear Regresar Transformar Leyenda Mensaje narracion Personaje

12 Last Slide Aztec To be in love with Handsome Heroic Historic Beloved Jealousy To be jealous Brave Once upon a time Azteca Estar Enamorado Hermoso Heroico Historico Querido Los celos Tener Celos Valiente Habia una Ves Many centuries ago Hace muchos siglos AboutSobre

13 Lesson 2

14 Grammar  Preterite of verbs that end in: -car, -gar, and –zar  Spelled differently in yo form to maintain pronunciation; n  C becomes qu: Yo busque  G becomes gu: Yo pague  Z becomes c: Yo empece

15 Preterite Stems  Venir, querer, decir, and traer are irregular in the preterite.  Venir and querer take the same endings as estar, poder, saber, tenre, etc. VerbStemPreterite Endings VenirVin--eImos QuererQuis--iste -o -isteis -ieron

16 Preterite Stems  Preterite stems of decir and traer end in j  Same preterite endings as Venir and Querer, just drop the I from ustedes/ellos/ellas ending VerbStemPreterite Endings DecirDij--eImos TraerTraj--iste -o -steis -eron

17 Culture  Indigenous words:  -over 1 million mexicans speak nahuatl, the aztec language  -"chocolate" "tomate" and "chile" have nahuatl origins  -Quechua is a common indigenous language in south america from the Incas  -"llama" "papa" and "pampa" are quechuan words  -The volcano Ixtaccihuatl in MX is a nahuatl word that means "sleeping woman"  -The volcano Guagua Pichincha has "guagua" which means "baby" in Quechan

18 Ancient Sport  -"el juego de pelota" (ball sport) is over 3000 years old  -Olmecas, Toltecas, Mayans, Aztecs all played  -players hit a rubber ball with their hips, arms, or a bat to get it in the ring

19 Zapotecas and Otavalenos  -Oaxaca is based on indigenous civilizations  -Monte Alban was the ancient Toltec capital and there are ruins over 1,300 years old  -La Guelaguetza is a ceremony and it means "gift"  -In Ecuador, the ancient civilization was the Otavalenos, before the Incas  -Culture still present in their products and goods  -La fiesta del Yamor honors mother Earth

20 Vocabulary Ancient Advanced Calendar Civilization Statue Antiguo Avanzado Calendario Civilizacion Estatua Tools Monument Herramienta Monumento

21 Vocabulary Object Pyramid Religion Ruins Temple Objeto Piramide Religion Ruinas Templo TombTumba

22 More Vocabulary Agriculture Toltecs To Hunt To Build Excavation Farmer Agricultura Cazar Construir Excavacion Agricultur Toltecas

23 Some More Vocabulary Sidewalk City Block Building Modern Plaza Skyscraper Avenue Neighborhood Cathedral City Avenida Acera Barrio Catedral Ciudad Cuadra Edificio Moderno Plaza Rascacielos

24 Just a Little More… How do I get to.. To cross To turn To the right To the left To go straight From Between Como llego a… Cruzar Doblar A la derecha A la izquierda Seguir Derecho Desde Entre

25 Last One I Swear Frente a… Hasta En la esquina Semaforo Across from To On the corner Traffic Light


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