2 Main Past Tenses in Spanish In Spanish, there are 2 main tenses used to talk in the past: 1. El Pretérito 2. El Imperfecto
El Pretérito Specific actions in the past (you can prove it). I arrived at 3:00 yesterday. (It happened and I can prove it. check the flight records at 3:00 yesterday!) llegué a las tres ayer. Lisa studied from 2:00-5:00 yesterday. Lisa estudió de las dos hasta las cinco ayer.
El Imperfecto Imperfect is more general NOT specific: I used to dance. (No real proof that I actually danced) Bailaba
El Imperfecto As a child, I used to always play soccer. My family and I used to vacation in Hawaii every Summer. I was very shy as a kid.
Conjugation: Endings Drop the Ending (AR, ER, IR) Add: For AR Verbs: aba abas aba ábamos (*Note the accent mark*) aban
Conjugation: Endings For ER and IR Verbs: ía ías ía íamos ían *NOTE = All of the endings have an accent on the “i”
Irregular Verbs: There are only 3 irregular verbs!!! ser era eras era éramos eran
Preterit Irregulars dij DecirDij QuererQuis HacerHic Tener queTuv que PoderPud Ponerpus eimos iste oieron
Preterit Irregulars 1. “yo” form only!!! 2. Remove the “car”, “gar”, “zar” Add: car – qué gar – gué zar – cé “car”, “gar”, “zar”
Preterit Irregulars Both “dar” and “ver” conjugate the same. dar = to give Both use “er/ir” endings with NO accents. di (I gave)dimos (we gave) diste (you gave) dio (he/she gave) You (formal) gave dieron (they gave) (you guys gave) vi (I saw)vimos (we saw) viste (you saw) vio (he/she saw) You (formal) saw vieron (they saw) (you guys saw) Dar to give ver to see
Use the Impefect: to refer to actions in the past that occurred repeatedly. I used to walk every day. Yo caminaba cada día. I studied at 3:00 every day. Estudiaba a las tres cada día. We would eat watermelon every summer. Comíamos sandía todos los veranos.
Use the Impefect To: To Tell Time in The Past And To Tell Sombody’s Age In The Past
Imperfect Tense DESCRIPTION is usually imperfect tense! She was tall. era alta. They were funny. eran cómicos
Preterit Tense Even actions that occurred 5 times, if they all finished it is preterit tense: I ate five times yesterday. Comí cinco veces ayer.