Presentation on theme: "Review of the Conditional Forms To form the conditional, add the conditional endings to an infinitive. Conditional endings are the same as those of the."— Presentation transcript:
Review of the Conditional Forms To form the conditional, add the conditional endings to an infinitive. Conditional endings are the same as those of the imperfect of -er/-ir verbs: -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían. Verbs that are irregular in the future tense have the same irregularity in the conditional. There are three types of irregularities. some verbs such as caber, haber, poder, querer, and saber drop the e from the infinitive before adding the conditional endings: cabr-, habr-, podr-, querr-, sabr- a d replaces the e or i of the infinitive in verbs such as poner, salir, tener, valer, and, venir: pondr-, saldr-, tendr-, valdr-, vendr- the forms for decir and hacer are completely irregular: dir- and har-, respectively Functions To express hypothetical actions or situations that correspond to the meaning of would in English Iría contigo, pero no puedo.I would go with you, but I cant.
Review of the Subjunctive in Adjectival Clauses Forms You are already familiar with the forms of the subjunctive. You must use the subjunctive to express a characteristic of a nonexistent or indefinite antecedent. The subjunctive appears in a clause that functions adjectivally, modifying the nonexistent or indefinite antecedent. The antecedent is indicated in bold in these examples. No hay ningún argumento queThere is no argument that will me convenza.convince me. The verb convencer is in the subjunctive because it describes a nonexistent argument. No hay nadie que me puedaThere is no one who can help ayudar.me. The verb poder is in the subjunctive because it describes a person who does not exist. Cualquier cosa que necesiten…Whatever you (may) need… The verb necesitar is in the subjunctive because it refers to an indefinite antecedent, cualquier cosa.
Review of the Preterite Forms The preterite is a simple past tense formed by adding the following endings to the verb stem. -ar VERBS -er/-ir VERBS -é-amos-í-imos -asteasteis-iste-isteis -ó-aron-ió-ieron There are many common verbs that are irregular in the preterite. You will practice these in the Manual. Functions To narrate or indicate that an event or action took place at a specific moment in the past.
Review of the Imperfect Forms The imperfect is a simple past tense formed by adding the following endings to the verb stem. -ar VERBS -er/-ir VERBS -aba-ábamos-ía-íamos -abas-abais-ías-íais -aba-aban-ía-ían There are only three irregular verbs in the imperfect: ir, ser, and ver. You will practice these in the Manual. Functions To express repeated or habitual actions or situations in the past Las culturas primitivas practicaban la brujería. To indicate that one action was ongoing when another interrupted it (signaled by the preterite) Lavaba los platos cuando mi madre me llamó.