Presentation on theme: "THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 15 Section 2 The Crisis Deepens Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas- Nebraska Act factors."— Presentation transcript:
THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 15 Section 2 The Crisis Deepens Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas- Nebraska Act factors that led to war? How was the debate over slavery leading to violence?
1.Of all of the components of the Compromise of 1850, Northerners most vigorously objected to _______ Slave Act. 2.The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state. 3.Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by ____________. 4.The Kansas-Nebraska Act proposed to determine whether the territories would be free or slave by using p________ s__________. 5.Who is famous for murdering 5 pro-slavery settlers in Bleeding Kansas?
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Published in 1852 Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe, daughter of Rev. Beecher, abolitionist Reaction to Fugitive Slave Act Immensely popular in North, shapes attitudes toward slavery Influential in France and England Immense political impact in US and abroad
Impact of the Fugitive Slave Act of Energized Northern Abolitionists 2.Persuaded moderate Northerners to become more supportive of abolition (read bottom p. 288) 3.North responds by passing laws forbidding imprisonment of runaway slaves 4.These laws angered the South, who felt that North was not keeping its part of the bargain in the Compromise of Increased sectionalism in the country & eroded support for federal govt. in both N and S.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Stephen Douglas pushes for popular sovereignty to determine the status of the Kansas Territory and splitting into two: Kansas and Nebraska. Kansas-Nebraska Act passed in It nullifies (ends) the Missouri Compromise b/c land is north of 36º30’ line. Implied that Kansas to be Slave and Nebraska Free Both pro-slavery & anti-slavery settlers rush to Kansas Bloody conflict results
Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to conflict?
Bleeding Kansas 1855: 1 st Election in Kansas Territory Missourians (Slaveholders) cross border illegally & win election, then pass Lecompton Constitution (pro- slavery) Free-soilers elect their own state govt. & own constitution Free-soiler settlement at Lawrence, KS attacked by pro-slavery militia of over 800 men. Town is sacked. John Brown retaliates at Pottawatomie Creek, murders 5, leads to deaths of over 200. Civil strife continues in Kansas until end of Civil War
SUMMARY: The artist lays on the Democrats the major blame for violence perpetrated against antislavery settlers in Kansas in the wake of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Here a bearded "freesoiler" has been bound to the "Democratic Platform" and is restrained by two Lilliputian figures, presidential nominee James Buchanan and Democratic senator Lewis Cass. Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglas and president Franklin Pierce, also shown as tiny figures, force a black man into the giant's gaping mouth. The freesoiler's head rests on a platform marked "Kansas," "Cuba," and "Central America," probably referring to Democratic ambitions for the extension of slavery. In the background left is a scene of burning and pillage; on the right a dead man hangs from a tree. CREATED/PUBLISHED: NOTES: [Drawn by John L. Magee]