Presentation on theme: "THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 15"— Presentation transcript:
1THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 15 Section 2The Crisis DeepensWhy were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to war?How was the debate over slavery leading to violence?
2Of all of the components of the Compromise of 1850, Northerners most vigorously objected to _______ Slave Act.The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state.Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by ____________.The Kansas-Nebraska Act proposed to determine whether the territories would be free or slave by using p________ s__________.Who is famous for murdering 5 pro-slavery settlers in Bleeding Kansas?
4Uncle Tom’s Cabin Published in 1852 Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe, daughter of Rev. Beecher, abolitionistReaction to Fugitive Slave ActImmensely popular in North, shapes attitudes toward slaveryInfluential in France and EnglandImmense political impact in US and abroad
7Impact of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 Energized Northern AbolitionistsPersuaded moderate Northerners to become more supportive of abolition (read bottom p. 288)North responds by passing laws forbidding imprisonment of runaway slavesThese laws angered the South, who felt that North was not keeping its part of the bargain in the Compromise of 1850Increased sectionalism in the country & eroded support for federal govt. in both N and S.
8Kansas-Nebraska Act -1854Stephen Douglas pushes for popular sovereignty to determine the status of the Kansas Territory and splitting into two: Kansas and Nebraska.Kansas-Nebraska Act passed in It nullifies (ends) the Missouri Compromise b/c land is north of 36º30’ line.Implied that Kansas to be Slave and Nebraska FreeBoth pro-slavery & anti-slavery settlers rush to KansasBloody conflict results
10Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to conflict?
11Bleeding Kansas 1855: 1st Election in Kansas Territory Missourians (Slaveholders) cross border illegally & win election, then pass Lecompton Constitution (pro-slavery)Free-soilers elect their own state govt. & own constitution.1856 Free-soiler settlement at Lawrence, KS attacked by pro-slavery militia of over 800 men. Town is sacked.John Brown retaliates at Pottawatomie Creek, murders 5, leads to deaths of over 200.Civil strife continues in Kansas until end of Civil War
13SUMMARY: The artist lays on the Democrats the major blame for violence perpetrated against antislavery settlers in Kansas in the wake of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Here a bearded "freesoiler" has been bound to the "Democratic Platform" and is restrained by two Lilliputian figures, presidential nominee James Buchanan and Democratic senator Lewis Cass. Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglas and president Franklin Pierce, also shown as tiny figures, force a black man into the giant's gaping mouth. The freesoiler's head rests on a platform marked "Kansas," "Cuba," and "Central America," probably referring to Democratic ambitions for the extension of slavery. In the background left is a scene of burning and pillage; on the right a dead man hangs from a tree. CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1856. NOTES: [Drawn by John L. Magee]