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Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Trace the growing conflict over the issue of slavery in the western territories. Explain how the Fugitive Slave Act increased northern opposition to slavery. Analyze the importance of the Dred Scott decision. Objectives

2 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Terms and People Wilmot Proviso – 1846 amendment to an appropriations bill which called for a ban on slavery in any territory gained from the Mexican-American War Free-Soil Party – a political party whose members sought to prevent the expansion of slavery into western territories Compromise of 1850 – a measure which allowed California to join the Union as a free state, but left voters to decide the slavery issue for other territory acquired from Mexico

3 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Terms and People (continued) popular sovereignty – the practice of allowing voters in a territory to decide the slavery issue Harriet Beecher Stowe – the author of the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a condemnation of slavery Kansas-Nebraska Act – a law that divided the Nebraska Territory into Kansas and Nebraska and then allowed voters to decide the slavery issue John Brown – an abolitionist who led a midnight raid on a proslavery settlement in Kansas

4 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Terms and People (continued) Dred Scott v. Sandford – a Supreme Court case which ruled that African Americans were not citizens and that Congress did not have the power to ban slavery in any territory Abraham Lincoln – an 1858 Republican Senate candidate for Illinois Senate who went on to become President

5 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Differences between the industrial North and the agricultural South, which had been present since colonial times, widened in the mid 1800s. In time, conflict over the issue of slavery led to the Civil War. How did the issue of slavery divide the Union?

6 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis The question of slavery in the West arose as a major issue during the Mexican- American War. To prevent the spread of slavery in the West, the Wilmot Proviso was added to a bill in Congress. An antislavery political party, the Free-Soil Party, was formed in The Compromise of 1850 allowed California to join the Union as a free state.

7 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis The Compromise of 1850 allowed people in territory acquired from Mexico to vote on the slavery issue. The compromise included the Fugitive Slave Act, which required citizens to help capture runaway slaves.

8 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Harriet Beecher Stowe was inspired by her anger over the Fugitive Slave Act to write Uncle Tom’s Cabin. The novel, a condemnation of slavery, put a human face on slavery and sold 300,000 copies. The book was very influential in increasing antislavery sentiment.

9 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act in The law split the Nebraska Territory into Nebraska and Kansas and allowed voters to decide the slavery issue. Both proslavery and antislavery settlers moved to Kansas, and violence erupted.

10 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Abolitionist John Brown conducted a raid on a proslavery settlement. The territory came to be known as “Bleeding Kansas.” In opposition to slavery, the Republican Party was created in 1856.

11 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis In 1857, the Dred Scott decision increased divisions over slavery. Dred Scott, a slave, sued for his freedom. The Supreme Court ruled against Scott in Dred Scott v. Sandford. The Court declared that African Americans were not citizens and that Congress did not have the power to ban slavery in any territory. Northerners were alarmed.

12 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis In 1858 a new voice joined the slavery debate. Abraham Lincoln ran for Senate against Stephen Douglas and challenged him to a series of debates. Douglas won the Senate race, but Lincoln gained national attention.

13 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 1 The Union in Crisis Abolitionist John Brown seized the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia in an attempt to ignite an uprising. Brown was put on trial and sentenced to death. His defense of his actions made him a martyr to the antislavery cause.


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