Presentation on theme: "The Crisis Deepens: Free and Slave States and Territories"— Presentation transcript:
1The Crisis Deepens: Free and Slave States and Territories US History, 5/22-24Chapter 15.2
2ObjectiveSWBAT explain how the Fugitive Slave Act inspired different opinions on slavery in America
3What was the Fugitive Slave Act? Stop and think: If you were a commissionerwhat would you do and why?1850 law that helped slaveholders recapturerunaway slavesFugitive slaves could be held withoutan arrest warrant and no right to a jury trialInstead, a federal commissioner ruled oneach case.Commissioners received $5 for releasingthe defendant and $10 for turning the defendantover to the slaveholders
4Reactions to the Fugitive Slave Act SouthernersFelt the act was justified because they considered slaves to be propertyWent up north to recapture slavesOften captured free African AmericansNorthernersResented the act because they had to help recapture slavesWere fined for not helping recapture slaves and jailed for helping fugitives escape
5THINK ABOUT IT!Northerners faced a moral decision: Should they obey the law and support slavery or not support slavery and not obey the law?Which do you think is better: Should they obey the law and support slavery? OR should they not support slavery and disobey the law?Take two minutes to write down your opinionDiscuss with a neighbor for three minutes and be prepared to share with the class!
6Uncle Tom’s Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 Increased the popularity of drama and abolitionismUncle Tom = a respected older slavePlot = Tom’s life under 3 owners. Two = kind, one = cruelNovel included dramatic scenes, including the escape of Eliza (slave) and her baby across the Ohio River
7Reactions to Uncle Tom’s Cabin Gained wild popularity in the NorthFalsely criticized the South and slaveryToday, we will have a special guest joining us in class. Please give a warm welcome to…HARRIET BEECHER STOWE!!
8Kansas Nebraska ActBill drafted by Senator Stephen A. Douglas (IL) to organize territorial governments for the Nebraska territory. He proposed to divide the bill into two territories: Nebraska and KansasIn order to gain Southern support for the bill, he suggested popular sovereignty as a way to decide whether or not to allow slavery in each of the territoriesPopular sovereignty: system where residents vote to decide on an issueIf the bill passed, the Missouri Compromise would no longer be legal because people could vote for slavery in territories where the MC had banned it
9To Pass or not to pass the KS-NE Act? Southerners were thrilled with the repeal of the MC and supported the billDespite anger from opponents of slavery (mainly Northerners), it passed and became known as the Kansas-Nebraska ActMost did not realize that this act would result in Kansas engaging in a conflict over slavery
10Bleeding KansasBoth pro and anti slavery settlers rushed into the KS territory to vote for territorial legislatureElection took place in March 1855Proslavery settlers > Antislavery settlersProslavery forces did not want to risk losing the election, so 5000 Missourians voted in the election illegally so the KS legislature had a large number of proslavery representativesAntislavery settlers boycotted the official government to form their own one
11THINK ABOUT IT!What factors do you think accounted for the large number of proslavery settlers in KS?Take three minutes to write a response in your notes, which you do NOT need to turn inBe prepared to share with the class
12Violence in KansasSack of Lawrence: A proslavery mob destroyed offices and the house of the antislavery government governor in Lawrence, KSJohn Brown: An extreme abolitionist who often used violence as a way to fight against slavery.Pottawatomie Massacre: Brown and seven other men murdered five people within the cabins of his proslavery neighbors.In late May of 1856, Senator Charles Summer (MA) made a speech attacking proslavery
13Violence in CongressIn late May of 1856, Senator Charles Sumner (MA) made a speech attacking proslavery forcesHis speech had many insults and even made fun of proslavery senator A. P. Butler (SC)One of Butler’s relatives, Preston Brooks, defended Butler and the South by attacking SumnerBrooks hit Sumner with his cane at least 30 timesSoutherners cheered Brooks' defense but Northerners were shocked. The incident became known as “Bleeding Sumner”
14THINK ABOUT IT!Using your knowledge of “Bleeding Kansas” and “Bleeding Sumner,” discuss for five minutes with a neighbor if you think the following acts of violence are morally wrong or could be considered self-defenseProslavery mob attacking offices and home of the antislavery government (Sack of Lawrence)John Brown and his men murdering proslavery neighbors“Bleeding Sumner”