Presentation on theme: "THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 10"— Presentation transcript:
1THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 10 Section 2Protest, Resistance, and ViolenceWhy were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to war?How was the debate over slavery leading to violence?
2Of all of the components of the Compromise of 1850, Northerners most vigorously objected to _______________.The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state.Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by ____________.The Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of were repealed in 1854 by the passage of the ________ ________ Act.The struggle for popular sovereignty in the new western territories in 1856 was known as “__________ __________.”
3Northerners most vigorously objected to the Fugitive Slave Act and passed personal ______ laws to forbid the imprisonment of runaway slaves.The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state.Harriet Beecher Stowe is famous for writing ____________.The Kansas-Nebraska Act proposed to determine whether the territories would be free or slave by using ________ __________.Who is famous for murdering 5 pro-slavery settlers in Bleeding Kansas?
4Northerners most vigorously objected to the Fugitive Slave Act and passed personal ______ laws to forbid the imprisonment of runaway slaves.The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state.Harriet Beecher Stowe is famous for writing ____________.The Kansas-Nebraska Act proposed to determine whether the territories would be free or slave by using ________ __________.Who is famous for murdering 5 pro-slavery settlers in Bleeding Kansas?
5The Fugitive Slave Act Northerners shocked by harshness of the law Suspects were not entitled to a trial by Jury, nor were they allowed to testify on their own behalf.Frederick Douglas:“The Colored men’s rights are less than those of a jackass. No man can take away a jackass without submitting the matter to twelve men in any part of this country. A black man may be carried without any reference to a jury…There is more protection there for a horse, for a donkey, or anything, rather than a colored man.”
10Impact of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 Energized Northern AbolitionistsPersuaded moderate Northerners to become more supportive of abolition (read bottom p. 288)North responds by passing personal liberty laws = laws forbidding imprisonment of runaway slavesAlienated the South, who felt that North was not keeping its part of the bargain in the Compromise of 1850Increased sectionalism in the country & eroded support for federal govt. in both N and S.
12Underground RailroadAbolitionists form a network of people who helped escaped slaves to journey to Canada or northern states for freedom.The people who worked on this network, called the Underground Railroad, were called “conductors.”The most famous conductor was Harriet Tubman, who led over 300 slaves to freedom in 19 trips, despite a $40,000 bounty on her head.
13Quiz 12/12/13Part of the Compromise of 1850, the __________________ caused many northerners to oppose slavery.______________ was a famous conductor on the ____________________, rescuing hundred of slaves.Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote_________________.The __________-_________ Act called for popular sovereignty in western territories.______________ and his sons killed 5 men at the Pottawatomie Massacre.
17This handbill urging opponents of abolitionists to obstruct an anti-slavery meeting demonstrates the depth of pro-slavery feeling. Although the handbill advocates peaceful means, violence sometimes erupted between the two factions. An emotion-laden handbill was a factor in the well-known Boston riot of October 21, In that incident, a mob broke into the hall where the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society was meeting, and threatened William Lloyd Garrison's life. "Outrage," February 2, 1837 Handbill
18Uncle Tom’s Cabin Published in 1852 Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe, daughter of Rev. Beecher, abolitionistReaction to Fugitive Slave ActImmensely popular in North, shapes attitudes toward slaveryInfluential in France and EnglandImmense political impact in US and abroad
20Kansas-Nebraska Act -1854 WHY?? Stephen Douglas pushes for popular sovereignty to determine the status of the Kansas Territory and splitting into two: Kansas and Nebraska.Kansas-Nebraska Act passed in It nullifies (ends) the Missouri CompromiseWHY??Implied that Kansas to be Slave and Nebraska FreeFree-soilers try to settle Kansas, touches off sectional conflictOnly 2 slaves in Kansas, only 15 in Nebraska
22Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to conflict? 12/collectionnavigator?cuecard=518
23Bleeding Kansas 1855: 1st Election in Kansas Territory BORDER RUFFIANS (Slaveholders from Missouri.) Led by Senator David Atchison cross border illegally & win electionLecompton Constitution (pro-slavery)Free-soilers elect their own state govt. & own constitution.Sack of LawrenceWhat happened??John Brown retaliates at Pottawatomie Creek, murders 5, leads to deaths of over 200.Civil strife continues in Kansas until end of Civil War
25SUMMARY: The artist lays on the Democrats the major blame for violence perpetrated against antislavery settlers in Kansas in the wake of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Here a bearded "freesoiler" has been bound to the "Democratic Platform" and is restrained by two Lilliputian figures, presidential nominee James Buchanan and Democratic senator Lewis Cass. Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglas and president Franklin Pierce, also shown as tiny figures, force a black man into the giant's gaping mouth. The freesoiler's head rests on a platform marked "Kansas," "Cuba," and "Central America," probably referring to Democratic ambitions for the extension of slavery. In the background left is a scene of burning and pillage; on the right a dead man hangs from a tree. CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1856. NOTES: [Drawn by John L. Magee]
27Violence in the SenateCharles Sumner, abolitionist senator, delivers speech entitled “The Crime Against Kansas,” attacking slavery and Southern Senators.Sumner is attacked by Preston Brooks on Senate Floor and beaten with a cane.N & S split in reaction to event. “First blows” of Civil War.Sumner suffers severe head injuries and is unable to serve in Senate for 3 years.