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Section 2 Protest, Resistance, and Violence Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to war? How was the debate over.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 2 Protest, Resistance, and Violence Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to war? How was the debate over."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 2 Protest, Resistance, and Violence Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to war? How was the debate over slavery leading to violence?

2 1. Of all of the components of the Compromise of 1850, Northerners most vigorously objected to _______________. 2. The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state. 3. Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by ____________. 4. The Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 were repealed in 1854 by the passage of the ________ ________ Act. 5. The struggle for popular sovereignty in the new western territories in 1856 was known as “__________ __________.”

3 1. Northerners most vigorously objected to the Fugitive Slave Act and passed personal ______ laws to forbid the imprisonment of runaway slaves. 2. The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state. 3. Harriet Beecher Stowe is famous for writing ____________. 4. The Kansas-Nebraska Act proposed to determine whether the territories would be free or slave by using ________ __________. 5. Who is famous for murdering 5 pro-slavery settlers in Bleeding Kansas?

4 1. Northerners most vigorously objected to the Fugitive Slave Act and passed personal ______ laws to forbid the imprisonment of runaway slaves. 2. The Compromise of 1850 allowed ________ to enter the Union as a free state. 3. Harriet Beecher Stowe is famous for writing ____________. 4. The Kansas-Nebraska Act proposed to determine whether the territories would be free or slave by using ________ __________. 5. Who is famous for murdering 5 pro-slavery settlers in Bleeding Kansas?

5 Northerners shocked by harshness of the law Suspects were not entitled to a trial by Jury, nor were they allowed to testify on their own behalf. Frederick Douglas: “The Colored men’s rights are less than those of a jackass. No man can take away a jackass without submitting the matter to twelve men in any part of this country. A black man may be carried without any reference to a jury…There is more protection there for a horse, for a donkey, or anything, rather than a colored man.”

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10 1. Energized Northern Abolitionists 2. Persuaded moderate Northerners to become more supportive of abolition (read bottom p. 288) 3. North responds by passing personal liberty laws = laws forbidding imprisonment of runaway slaves 4. Alienated the South, who felt that North was not keeping its part of the bargain in the Compromise of Increased sectionalism in the country & eroded support for federal govt. in both N and S.

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12 Abolitionists form a network of people who helped escaped slaves to journey to Canada or northern states for freedom. The people who worked on this network, called the Underground Railroad, were called “conductors.” The most famous conductor was Harriet Tubman, who led over 300 slaves to freedom in 19 trips, despite a $40,000 bounty on her head.

13 Part of the Compromise of 1850, the __________________ caused many northerners to oppose slavery. ______________ was a famous conductor on the ____________________, rescuing hundred of slaves. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote_________________. The __________-_________ Act called for popular sovereignty in western territories. ______________ and his sons killed 5 men at the Pottawatomie Massacre.

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17 This handbill urging opponents of abolitionists to obstruct an anti-slavery meeting demonstrates the depth of pro-slavery feeling. Although the handbill advocates peaceful means, violence sometimes erupted between the two factions. An emotion-laden handbill was a factor in the well-known Boston riot of October 21, In that incident, a mob broke into the hall where the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society was meeting, and threatened William Lloyd Garrison's life. "Outrage," February 2, 1837 Handbill

18 Published in 1852 Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe, daughter of Rev. Beecher, abolitionist Reaction to Fugitive Slave Act Immensely popular in North, shapes attitudes toward slavery Influential in France and England Immense political impact in US and abroad

19 Theatre poster: Uncle Tom's Cabin With its vivid word pictures of slavery, Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin translated well to the stage. Stowe herself was among the many who wrote dramatizations of the novel. Scenes of Eliza crossing the ice of the Ohio River with bloodhounds in pursuit and the evil Simon Legree whipping Uncle Tom outraged northern audiences and turned many against slavery. Southerners damned Mrs. Stowe as a "vile wretch in petticoats." ( Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.) Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

20 Stephen Douglas pushes for popular sovereignty to determine the status of the Kansas Territory and splitting into two: Kansas and Nebraska. Kansas-Nebraska Act passed in It nullifies (ends) the Missouri Compromise WHY?? Implied that Kansas to be Slave and Nebraska Free Free-soilers try to settle Kansas, touches off sectional conflict Only 2 slaves in Kansas, only 15 in Nebraska

21 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

22 Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to conflict? 12/collectionnavigator?cuecard=518

23 1855: 1 st Election in Kansas Territory BORDER RUFFIANS (Slaveholders from Missouri.) Led by Senator David Atchison cross border illegally & win election Lecompton Constitution (pro-slavery) Free-soilers elect their own state govt. & own constitution. Sack of Lawrence What happened?? John Brown retaliates at Pottawatomie Creek, murders 5, leads to deaths of over 200. Civil strife continues in Kansas until end of Civil War

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26 Armed antislavery men with John Doy Though no one would deny that their cause was noble, many of the men who flocked to Kansas to resist the expansion of slavery were no less violent than their proslavery adversaries. This photograph, taken in 1859, shows a gang of armed antislavery men who had just broken an accomplice (John Doy, seated) out of jail in neighboring St. Joseph, Missouri. Like proslavery "Border Ruffians," many of these men also served in guerrilla bands during the Civil War and some went on to careers as famous outlaws after the war was over. (Kansas State Historical Society) Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

27 Charles Sumner, abolitionist senator, delivers speech entitled “The Crime Against Kansas,” attacking slavery and Southern Senators. Sumner is attacked by Preston Brooks on Senate Floor and beaten with a cane. N & S split in reaction to event. “First blows” of Civil War. Sumner suffers severe head injuries and is unable to serve in Senate for 3 years.

28 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

29 EVENT:YEAR:

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31 Fugitive Slave Act Personal liberty laws Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin Kansas-Nebraska Act John Brown Bleeding Kansas


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