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Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South. Assess how the Kansas-Nebraska Act was seen differently by the North and South. Explain why fighting broke out in Kansas and the effects of that conflict. 10.2: A Rising Tide of Protest & Violence How did the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas- Nebraska Act increase tensions between the North and the South?

2 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence By the mid-1800s, the issue of slavery was a national issue in which every American - North, South, and West, had an opinion. Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

3 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence The Fugitive Slave Act, part of the Compromise of 1850, required all citizens to catch and return runaway slaves. Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

4 RIGHT: a poster from Boston warning free black to watch out for slave catcher who didn’t care that they were free. TOP: a former slave scarred for life from all the whippings he had. Chapter 10, section 2, p.333

5 fugitive slaves Chapter 10, section 2, p.334 free blacks slave owners Northern whites vigilance committees Christian riots antislavery newspapers vigilance committees Christian riots antislavery newspapers Underground Railroad some pursued runaway slaves in Northern states Personal Liberty Laws Abolitionists write literature condemning slavery Personal Liberty Laws Abolitionists write literature condemning slavery Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

6 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence nullified the Fugitive Slave Act. enabled state officials to arrest slave catchers for kidnapping free African Americans. increased northern white support of abolitionism. Some Northern states passed personal liberty laws. These laws: Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

7 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence The map shows the routes “conductors” used to lead enslaved blacks to freedom. Free blacks and Northern abolitionists organized an escape network called the Underground Railroad. Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

8 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence A fugitive slave from Maryland, Harriet Tubman, was called the “Black Moses” because she led so many people to freedom on the Underground Railroad. Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

9 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

10 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence White abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin that gave readers compassion for the nonviolent enslaved Tom. Black abolitionist Martin Delany wrote Blake in which the enslaved Blake chooses to rebel violently against slavery. Popular novels condemned slavery, gaining northern support for abolition and infuriating the South. Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South.

11 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Tensions greatly increased between the North and the South as: African Americans increased their resistance. the abolitionist movement grew stronger in the North and West. the question of whether a new territory should become a slave or free state arose again. Assess how the Kansas-Nebraska Act was seen differently by the North and South.

12 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence The legislation divided Nebraska territory into two separate areas. Residents of both Kansas and Nebraska voted to allow or outlaw slavery. Congress assumed Kansas would become a slave state and Nebraska a free state. Northerners and Southerners went to Kansas to influence the vote. Kansas- Nebraska Act was enacted in the spring of Assess how the Kansas-Nebraska Act was seen differently by the North and South.

13 Kansas-Nebraska Act Chapter 10, section 2

14 KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT (1854 ) Divides lands into Kansas and Nebraska territories. Decided that SLAVERY issue would be decided by POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY. Led to violence in the Senate. Pro-slavery and Anti- slavery settlers in ONE AREA and this leads to conflict! Northerners believe this REPEALS the Missouri Compromise. Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois sponsored this bill. Chapter 10, section 2, p.3234

15 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Pro-slavery Southern Border Ruffians from Missouri attacked the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, Kansas. Northern abolitionist John Brown responded by killing five pro-slavery settlers. Both sides armed and readied for battle. Passage of the Act set off violence between Northerners and Southerners. Explain why fighting broke out in Kansas and the effects of that conflict.

16 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Describing the violence in Kansas, reporters called the territory “Bleeding Kansas.” Explain why fighting broke out in Kansas and the effects of that conflict.

17 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Explain why fighting broke out in Kansas and the effects of that conflict.

18 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence The dispute over Kansas: The South wanted Kansas to be a slave state. The North wanted Kansas to be a free state. In 1861, after the Civil War started, Kansas joined the Union as a free state. Explain why fighting broke out in Kansas and the effects of that conflict.

19 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence Violence over the slavery issue broke out in the U.S. Senate. Southern Representative Brooks badly beat Northern Senator Sumner. The national tension over slavery grew wider and deeper, with violence spreading even to Congress. Explain why fighting broke out in Kansas and the effects of that conflict.

20 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 2 A Rising Tide of Protest and Violence The Compromise of 1850 resolved the slavery issues only for a short time. The Fugitive Slave Act was the main source of tensions. The next compromise, the NS-NE Act, cause issues as North and South expected different outcomes with the use of popular sovereignty. The slavery issue turned violent with the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. How did the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act increase tensions between the North and the South? Analyze why the Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and South. Assess how the Kansas-Nebraska Act was seen differently by the North and South. Explain why fighting broke out in Kansas and the effects of that conflict.


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