Presentation on theme: "THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 10 Section 2 Protest, Resistance, and Violence Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas- Nebraska."— Presentation transcript:
THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 10 Section 2 Protest, Resistance, and Violence Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas- Nebraska Act factors that led to war? How was the debate over slavery leading to violence?
Southern Fears Is slavery vulnerable? How could it be ended? Why is Expansion of Slavery so Important
Impact of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 1.Energized Northern Abolitionists 2.Persuaded moderate Northerners to become more supportive of abolition (read bottom p. 288) 3.North responds by passing personal liberty laws = laws forbidding imprisonment of runaway slaves 4.Alienated the South, who felt that North was not keeping its part of the bargain in the Compromise of 1850 5.Increased sectionalism in the country & eroded support for federal govt. in both N and S.
Underground Railroad Abolitionists form a network of people who helped escaped slaves to journey to Canada or northern states for freedom. The people who worked on this network, called the Underground Railroad, were called “conductors.” The most famous conductor was Harriet Tubman, who led over 300 slaves to freedom in 19 trips, despite a $40,000 bounty on her head.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Published in 1852 Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe, daughter of Rev. Beecher, abolitionist Reaction to Fugitive Slave Act Immensely popular in North, shapes attitudes toward slavery Influential in France and England Immense political impact in US and abroad
Kansas-NebraskaKansas-Nebraska Act -1854 Stephen Douglas pushes for popular sovereignty to determine the status of the Kansas Territory and splitting into two: Kansas and Nebraska. Kansas-Nebraska Act passed in 1854. It nullifies (ends) the Missouri Compromise b/c land is north of 36º30’ line. Implied that Kansas to be Slave and Nebraska Free Free-soilers try to settle Kansas, touches off sectional conflict Only 2 slaves in Kansas, only 15 in Nebraska, A debate about “an imaginary negro in an imaginary place”
Why were the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act factors that led to conflict?
Bleeding Kansas 1855: 1 st Election in Kansas Territory Missourians (Slaveholders) cross border illegally & win election, then pass Lecompton Constitution (pro- slavery) Free-soilers elect their own state govt. & own constitution. 1856 Free-soiler settlement at Lawrence, KS attacked by pro-slavery militia of over 800 men. Town is sacked. John Brown retaliates at Pottawatomie Creek, murders 5, leads to deaths of over 200. Civil strife continues in Kansas until end of Civil War
SUMMARY: The artist lays on the Democrats the major blame for violence perpetrated against antislavery settlers in Kansas in the wake of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Here a bearded "freesoiler" has been bound to the "Democratic Platform" and is restrained by two Lilliputian figures, presidential nominee James Buchanan and Democratic senator Lewis Cass. Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglas and president Franklin Pierce, also shown as tiny figures, force a black man into the giant's gaping mouth. The freesoiler's head rests on a platform marked "Kansas," "Cuba," and "Central America," probably referring to Democratic ambitions for the extension of slavery. In the background left is a scene of burning and pillage; on the right a dead man hangs from a tree. CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1856. NOTES: [Drawn by John L. Magee]
Violence in the Senate Charles Sumner, abolitionist senator, delivers speech entitled “The Crime Against Kansas,” attacking slavery and Southern Senators. Sumner is attacked by Preston Brooks on Senate Floor and beaten with a cane. Sumner suffers severe head injuries and is unable to serve in Senate for 3 years. N & S split in reaction to event. “First blows” of Civil War.