Presentation on theme: "First Aid Module 1 Introduction to First Aid Role of First Aider."— Presentation transcript:
1 First AidModule 1Introduction to First AidRole of First Aider
2 Introduction to First Aid What is First AidThe first person on the scene to render help where accidents or illness have occurredAim in First AidSustain lifePrevent the condition from becoming worsePromote recovery
3 Introduction to First Aid Role of First AiderAssess situation and ensure safety for first aider and casualty.To find out what is wrong with the casualtyTo render early and appropriate treatmentTo arrange for removal to clinic, hospital or home.To remain with the casualty as long as is necessary.To report observations to health care personnel on their arrival.To prevent cross infection between first aider and casualty.
4 Introduction to First Aid Action to be taken during a first aid emergency situation.Two types of assessment.Primary SurveySecondary Survey1. Assess the SituationEnsure situation and environment safe for casualty and First Aider.
5 Introduction to First Aid 2. Primary Survey - Assess the CasualtyTap for a responseCall for ambulance 995Check airwayOpen the airwayCheck breathingCheck pulseCommence CPRContinue till help arrives.
6 Introduction to First Aid Secondary SurveyMedical history of casualtyRecent IllnessExternal clues – medication packInhaler canisterwarning tagsinsulin injectionCircumstances or cause of injury – fall from height, impact injury
7 Introduction to First Aid Signs and Symptoms of illness and injury.
8 Introduction to First Aid Vital Signs CheckPulseRespirationLevel of responsivenessPulse CheckRate – normal is beats per minuteStrong or weakRegular or irregular(instructor to demonstrate checking of pulse)
9 Introduction to First Aid Location for pulse check.Carotid pulseBrachial pulseRadial pulseBreathing CheckRate – normal breath is breath per minuteDeep or shallow breathingNormal, difficult or painful breathsQuiet or noisy breathing
10 Introduction to First Aid Level of responsiveness checkUse of AVPU code:A – alertopen eyes and respond to questions.V – Voiceanswer simple questions and obey commands.P – Painrespond to pain by body movements and open eyesU – Unresponsivedoes not respond to the above.(instructor to demonstrate AVPU)
11 Introduction to First Aid Examining a CasualtyHead to Toe Survey1 Scalp2 Ears3 Eyes4 Nose5 Breathing6 Skin7 Neck
12 Introduction to First Aid Examining a Casualty Head to Toe Survey8 Chest9 Collar bone and Shoulder10 Elbow, wrists and fingers11 Limbs and Spinal12 Abdominal13 Hips14 Leg raise, ankles and knees movement15 Toes
13 Introduction to First Aid Treatment in first AidAdequate and appropriateAccord priorities in treatmentfor different injuriesTreatment - Primary surveyAirway kept openControl bleeding
14 Introduction to First Aid Treatment - Secondary surveyTreat large wounds and burns.Immobilize bone and joint injuriesMonitor response, pulse and breathing every ten minutes.Reassure the casualtyObtain casualty’s particulars to establish identity.Improvisation, use alternatives.
15 Introduction to First Aid Good Samaritan LawA principle of tort law that provides that a person who sees another individual in imminent and serious danger or peril cannot be charged with negligence if that first person attempts to aid or rescue the injured party, provided the attempt is not made recklessly.
16 Introduction to First Aid Good Samaritan Law The Good Samaritan doctrine is used by rescuers to avoid civil liability for injuries arising from their negligence. Its purpose is to encourage emergency assistance by removing the threat of liability for damage done by the assistance. However, the assistance must be reasonable; a rescuer cannot benefit from the Good Samaritan doctrine if the assistance is reckless or grossly negligent.
17 Introduction to First Aid Good Samaritan Law Three key elements support a successful invocation of the Good Samaritan doctrine:the care rendered was performed as the result of the emergency,the initial emergency or injury was not caused by the person invoking the defense,the emergency care was not given in a grossly negligent or reckless manner
18 Introduction to First Aid ConsentIn every instance where first aid is to be provided, the victim's consent is required. It should be obtained from every conscious, mentally-competent adult. The consent may be either oral or written.Permission to render first aid to an unconscious victim is implied and a first aider should not hesitate to treat an unconscious victim.Consent of a parent or guardian is required to treat a child, however emergency first aid necessary to maintain life may be provided without such consent.
19 Introduction to First Aid Reminder for First AiderIT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER THAT A VICTIM HAS THE RIGHTTO REFUSE FIRST AID CARE AND IN THESE INSTANCES YOU MUST RESPECT THE VICTIM'S DECISION.YOU CANNOT FORCE CARE ON A PERSON WHO DOES NOT WANT IT ... REGARDLESS OF THEIR CONDITION!THERE SHOULD BE LITTLE, IF ANY, CONCERN ABOUT LEGAL CONSEQUENCES INHERENT IN PROVIDING FIRST AID.YOU NEED ONLY HAVE THE VICTIM'S CONSENT AND THEN OFFER THE LEVEL OF CARE FOR WHICH YOU ARE QUALIFIED
20 The end Module 1 . Role of First Aider . For training purpose only . Not for sale