Presentation on theme: "Procedures for Injury or Sudden Illness on Land YIKES! What do I do?!"— Presentation transcript:
Procedures for Injury or Sudden Illness on Land YIKES! What do I do?!
When someone suddenly becomes ill/injured, you need to act quickly and decisively… Activate the EAP (Emergency Action Plan), use appropriate first aid equipment and supplies and follow these general procedures…
1. Size up the scene Determine if the scene is safe for YOU, other rescuers, the victim, other bystanders Put on protective equipment Determine… 1. Mechanism of injury/nature of illness 2. # of victims 3. What additional help may be needed
2. Perform an Initial Assessment Identify any LIFE- THREATENING conditions: CHECK for consciousness/obtain consent CHECK for signs of life CHECK for a pulse CHECK for severe bleeding
3. Summons EMS by calling 911 Call 911 if you find any of the following… Unconsciousness No pulse Breathing problems Suspected head/neck/back injury Severe bleeding Chest discomfort
4. Perform a Secondary Assessment Identify any additional conditions Only if you’re sure that there are NO LIFE-THREATENING conditions Gathering info about injuries/conditions that need care
Purpose of Initial Assessment is to identify life-threatening conditions This includes checking the victim for 1. Consciousness 2. Signs of life (movement and breathing) 3. Pulse 4. Severe bleeding
Skill Assessment: Initial Assessment With a partner, use the skill sheets to practice the initial assessment DO NOT PEFORM RESUE BREATHS! After you’ve practiced with a partner, use the manikin Your partner should provide you feedback
Emergency Moves For emergencies on land, DO NOT move the victim unless it is necessary; it can cause additional injury or pain
Move the victim ONLY if… The scene is or becomes unsafe You have to reach another victim who needs more care You need to provide proper care
Look at pages 98-100 in book Clothes drag: head/neck/back injury Two-person seat carry: conscious who cannot walk Walking Assist: needs a little help Pack-Strap Carry: conscious/unconscious with no head/neck/back injury Blanket Drag: unconscious with limited equipment Foot drag: too large to move or carry otherwise
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.