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Procedures for Injury or Sudden Illness on Land YIKES! What do I do?!

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Presentation on theme: "Procedures for Injury or Sudden Illness on Land YIKES! What do I do?!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Procedures for Injury or Sudden Illness on Land YIKES! What do I do?!

2 When someone suddenly becomes ill/injured, you need to act quickly and decisively… Activate the EAP (Emergency Action Plan), use appropriate first aid equipment and supplies and follow these general procedures…

3 1. Size up the scene Determine if the scene is safe for YOU, other rescuers, the victim, other bystanders Put on protective equipment Determine… 1. Mechanism of injury/nature of illness 2. # of victims 3. What additional help may be needed

4 2. Perform an Initial Assessment Identify any LIFE- THREATENING conditions: CHECK for consciousness/obtain consent CHECK for signs of life CHECK for a pulse CHECK for severe bleeding

5 3. Summons EMS by calling 911 Call 911 if you find any of the following… Unconsciousness No pulse Breathing problems Suspected head/neck/back injury Severe bleeding Chest discomfort

6 4. Perform a Secondary Assessment Identify any additional conditions Only if you’re sure that there are NO LIFE-THREATENING conditions Gathering info about injuries/conditions that need care

7 Purpose of Initial Assessment is to identify life-threatening conditions This includes checking the victim for 1. Consciousness 2. Signs of life (movement and breathing) 3. Pulse 4. Severe bleeding

8 DVD Segment: Performing Initial Assessment

9 Skill Assessment: Initial Assessment With a partner, use the skill sheets to practice the initial assessment DO NOT PEFORM RESUE BREATHS! After you’ve practiced with a partner, use the manikin Your partner should provide you feedback

10 Emergency Moves For emergencies on land, DO NOT move the victim unless it is necessary; it can cause additional injury or pain

11 Move the victim ONLY if…  The scene is or becomes unsafe  You have to reach another victim who needs more care  You need to provide proper care

12 Look at pages in book  Clothes drag: head/neck/back injury  Two-person seat carry: conscious who cannot walk  Walking Assist: needs a little help  Pack-Strap Carry: conscious/unconscious with no head/neck/back injury  Blanket Drag: unconscious with limited equipment  Foot drag: too large to move or carry otherwise

13 Clothes Drag

14 Two-Person Carry

15 Walking Assist

16 Pack-Strap Carry

17 Blanket Drag

18 Foot Drag


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