Presentation on theme: "1 st Response Information Sheets For use with both the full 1 st Response and the 1 st Response Refresher courses."— Presentation transcript:
1 st Response Information Sheets For use with both the full 1 st Response and the 1 st Response Refresher courses.
Aims and objectives The aim of 1 st Response is to ensure Girlguiding members are kept as safe as possible while they are in our care. Objectives: (Full course) To provide members (over the age of 14) with simple first aid information which is relevant to their role. (Refresher) To provide members with an update of changes since their last course and ensure they have first aid information which is relevant to their role. To help members build confidence and skills in coping with emergency and first aid situations. To equip members with the knowledge needed to manage these emergencies.
Information Sheet 1 Principles of first aid P reserve life: Airway Breathing P revent deterioration: Stop bleeding Treat shock Treat other injuries P romote recovery: Reassure Relieve pain Handle with care Protect from harm
Information Sheet 2 Action in an emergency Assess dangers Make safe Give emergency aid Get help Clear up Look after yourself
Information Sheet 4 As soon as possible Inform next of kin Complete reports to include: Details of the incident Location of the incident Date and time of the incident Who was involved What was done Who was notified
Information Sheet 5 Infection control If possible, wear disposable gloves or improvise with polythene bags or consider whether the casualty can help by, for example, applying pressure to bleeding. Remember: Wash hands Clean Surfaces (bleach with water 1:10) Cover minor wounds Resuscitation face shield Dispose of soiled items appropriately
Information Sheet 13 Bleeding Direct pressure Dress Elevate
Information Sheet 10 Shock: signs and symptoms Pale, cold, clammy skin Weak, dizzy, light-headedNausea or vomiting ThirstyYawningRapid, weak pulse Anxiety or irrational behaviourRapid, shallow breathing Dropping levels of consciousness
Information Sheet 11 Shock: causes Fluid loss bleeding, burns, severe diarrhoea or vomiting Cardiac problems heart attack, electrocution Anaphylaxis Severe allergic reaction to stings, types of food, environmental features, poisons
Information Sheet 12 Shock: treatment Treat the cause and prevent the condition from getting worse by: Correct positioning of casualty Reassurance Maintaining the casualty’s normal temperature Monitoring breathing if necessary Do not give anything to eat or drink
Information Sheet 3 The first person at the scene of an accident should: DRABDRAB anger esponse irway reathing Make the area safe Reassure casualty & bystanders Use bystanders Prioritise and respond to needs Send for help
Information Sheet 14 Levels of consciousness lert (will talk but may be drowsy) (responds to simple command e.g. ‘open your eyes’ or to simple questions) (will react e.g. make a noise to a pinch on the back of the hand) (there is no response at all) AVPUAVPU oice ain nresponsive
Information Sheet 15 Causes of unconsciousness Fainting Imbalance of heat Shock Heart attack/Angina pectoris Stroke Head Injuries Asphyxia/hypoxia/near drowning Asthma Anaphylaxis Poisoning Seizures Diabetic emergencies