2Relative ClausesWe use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. By combining sentences with a relative clause, your text becomes more fluent and you can avoid repeating certain wordsfor example: A girl is talking to Tom. Do you know the girl?becomes…Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom?Subject Object Possessivewhowhom, whowhosewhichthat
3Re-write this sentence using a relative clause. a) The boy won the prize. He felt really happy about it.b) The boy´s parents are talking to the teacher. He is sitting over there.c) David owns a very fast car. He is a careless driver.d) Those jeans you want to buy are really expensive.e) My cousin´s school grades are outstanding. She is always studying.f) That girl is carrying the red handbag. She is new at school.g) The teacher recommended these three books. They are really interesting.(i) Lewis plays tennis professionally. He is an excellent player.j) I passed my Checkpoint exam with flying colours. It really surprised me.
4ANSWER KEYa) The boy who won the prize felt really happy about it.b) The boy whose parents are talking to the teacher is sitting over there.c) David, who owns a very fast car is a careless driver.d) Those jeans that you want to buy are really expensive.e) My cousin, whose school grades are outstanding, is always studying.f) That girl who is carrying the red handbag is new at school.g) The three books that the teacher recommended are really interesting.i) Lewis, who plays tennis professionally is an excellent player.j) I passed my Checkpoint exam with flying colours which really surprisedme.
5Targeted Revision complex sentences relative clauses verb forms punctuation practice
6PunctuationA young boy has written this story, but he does not know about punctuation. Can you put in the capital letters, full-stops, commas, question marks, exclamation marks and speech marks for him?morris the martian was flying around the solar system one day when he saw a strange light in front of himwhat is that he thought to himself morris was scared but he flew a little bit closer so that he could see it betterhello he called out there was no reply hello is anyone there he called but again there was no reply suddenly a creature appeared in front of the lightboo it shouted poor morris was really scared and he flew off home and hid under his bed
7This is the correct version of the text: Morris the Martian was flying around the Solar System one day, when he saw a strange light in front of him.What is that? he thought to himself. Morris was scared, but he flew a little bit closer so that he could see it better. "Hello," he called out. There was no reply."Hello. Is anyone there?" he called, but again there was no reply. Suddenly a creature appeared in front of the light."BOO!" it shouted. Poor Morris was really scared and he flew off home and hid under his bed.
8COMPLEX SENTENCEA complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which.Examples: A. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. B. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. C. The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow. D. After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. E. Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.
9Summary Writing Read through the text to get the gist. Re-read the text more slowly and highlight the key points.Write a paragraph to sum up the key words and phrases from the text using complete sentences in your own words where possible.Check spelling, grammar and punctuation carefully.Stick carefully to the word limit.