Presentation on theme: "Independent and Subordinate Clauses"— Presentation transcript:
1Independent and Subordinate Clauses What They Are and How to Use Them
2Do you remember the difference between a subjectanda predicate?
3Mary decided to go home after school. Identify the subjectand predicate in thissentence:Mary decided to go home after school.Mary
4Mary / decided to go home after school. Divide the sentence into these parts:Mary / decided to go home after school.Mary is the subject of the sentence becausethe sentence is describing somethingMary did.Decided to go home after school is the predicatebecause it describes what it isthat Mary did.
5So… If you can find the subject and predicate of a sentence then you should have no trouble picking out theclause of the sentence.A sentence clause is a group of words containing a subject and a predicate and is used as a part of a sentence.There are two main types of clauses…
7These types of clauses: IndependentandSubordinate
8An independent clause can stand alone if removed from the sentence. When by itself an independentclause becomes a simple sentence.Example of two independent clauses:Mary went straight to the bus stop after school, butshe forgot to take her homework with her.andMary went straight to the bus stop after school, butshe forgot to take her homework with her.
9A subordinate clause has a subject and a verb but cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence. It is only part of a sentence.A subordinate clause is always combined in some waywith an independent clause.look for subordinate conjunctions( key words)when, which, as, while, since, because, who…:When she finally reached home, Mary remembered that herhomework was in her desk at school.The subordinate clause in red cannot stand by itselfwithout the independent clause after the comma.
10Can you identify the independent clauses in these sentences? Mary called Bob, and he gave her the next day’s homeworkassignment.Independent Clause #1: Mary called BobIndependent Clause #2: he gave her the next day’shomework assignmentNote how these clauses can be sentences all on their own.
11Can you identify the independent and subordinate clauses in these sentences? After Mary finished her homework, she ate dinner.Independent Clause: she ate dinnerSubordinate Clause: After Mary finished her homework(subordinate conjunction is after)Subordinate Clause + Independent Clause=Complex Sentence
12Another Example:I decided to make hamburgers for dinner whicheveryone in the family enjoys.Independent clause?I decided to make hamburgers for dinnerSubordinate clause?which everyone in the family enjoys(subordinate conjunction is which)
13Identifying Independent and Subordinate Clauses When mountain biking began in CaliforniaAlthough regular bikes did not work very wellRiders made their own bikes for their special needs.Mountain bikes are made of strong, light metals.Cyclists rideAfter I conquered beginners slopes, I took on the higher slopes
14Practice1. Until you change those strings, your banjo won’t sound very good. 2. Bring your backpack when you come to school today.3. When my Grandmother was young, she listened to Frank Sinatra records.4. Write about your experience while it is still fresh in your mind.5. Miss Kitty is in bed because she has a fever.6. After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies.6.Because they have a test tomorrow, the students are studying.7. Juan and Marie went to the movies after they finished studying.