Presentation on theme: "Simple Compound Complex Compound/ complex"— Presentation transcript:
1Simple Compound Complex Compound/ complex Since every sentence in English fits into one of these four categories, we are going to learn about them today.Fold a sheet of paper into four squares and write the words in each one. You can even draw the picture to help you remember!SimpleCompoundComplexCompound/complex
2How are these different? Some students like to study in the mornings.John and Alan play football every afternoon.Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.A. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. B. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. C. The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow. D. After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. E. Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.
3Experienced writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively. Too many simple sentences, for example, will sound choppy and immature while too many long sentences will be difficult to read and hard to understand.
5#1: Simple Sentence A simple sentence has one subject and one verb I like to study grammar.A simple sentence is also called an independent clause.An independent clause ends with a period or semicolon.
6I love you. Simple sentence One subjectI love you.One verbIndependent clause: only one subject and one verb
7Example Simple Sentences 1. The bus arrived on time.2. Jason and Mary walked along the beach.3. Pizza is my favorite weekend treat.4. Walking to school is an option for some.
8#2: Compound SentenceA compound sentence is made up of two or more simple sentences joined by one of the following:A comma and one of the FANBOYSI like to study grammar, and I love this class.A semicolonI like to study grammar; I love this class.A semicolon and a transitionalI like to study grammar; therefore, I love this class.
9I love you, and you love me. Compound sentenceIndependent clauseI love you, and you love me.Independent clauseTwo independent clauses joined together
10Example Compound Sentences I want to go to town, and I want to buy some ice cream.He had homework to do, but he left it at school.I forgot my watch, so I got into trouble for being late.
11#3: Complex SentenceA complex sentence is a simple sentence (independent clause) to which a part of a sentence (dependent clause) has been added.Because I like to study grammar, I love this class.I love this class because I like to study grammar.
12Because you love me, I love you. Complex sentenceDependent clauseBecause you love me, I love you.Independent clauseA dependent clause joined to an independent clause. (The dependent clause needs the rest of the sentence for support.)
13Fragment! Because you love me. Dependent clause A dependent clause contains a subject and verb. It begins with a subordinating conjunction, and thus it does not express a completed thought. A dependent clause is also called a subordinate clause.Dependent clauses, like babies, cannot stand alone.
15A Tip on PunctuationSince dependent clauses are only part of a sentence, you can never connect them to another sentence with a semicolon. Semicolons are only used between two independent clauses.I have loved you for years ; although I never admitted it.I have loved you for years although I never admitted it.Although I never admitted it, I have loved you for years.No!OK
16Create Your Own!! Take out a piece of paper Fold it in half HOTDOG styleWrite the dependent clauses on either half mixing it up so they are NOT all on the same sideUnfold your paper and complete the sentences
17because the dog was vicious if you want a prizesince it is dark outsidewhile we took a family portraitalthough he ran as fast as he couldbefore it got windyunless it rainsso that we all smilewhen you buy nachosafter the coach gave us the signal