Presentation on theme: "April 28, 2011 If you did not turn in your guided reading yesterday, turn it in today! WE HAVE A QUIZ TOMORROW-STUDY GUIDES ARE DUE BEFORE WE TAKE THE."— Presentation transcript:
April 28, 2011 If you did not turn in your guided reading yesterday, turn it in today! WE HAVE A QUIZ TOMORROW-STUDY GUIDES ARE DUE BEFORE WE TAKE THE QUIZ 1. What is popular sovereignty? Use the map to help you remember yesterday’s lesson!
The Dred Scott Case & the Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Dred Scott Case Who was he? – A slave who lived in Missouri, a free territory and then again in Missouri where his owner died – Scott sued for his freedom in 1846 – He believed that since he lived in a free territory, he should be freed from slavery His case reached the Supreme Court in 1857 – Supreme Court had to decide Scott’s status – It also had the opportunity to rule on the question of slavery in territories
Dred Scott Case The Court’s Decision – Scott was still a slave, not a citizen so he had no right to bring up the lawsuit – Just because Scott lived on free soil did not make him free – The 5 th Amendment could not take away property without due process of law – CONGRESS HAD NO POWER TO PROHIBIT SLAVERY IN ANY TERRITORY
Dred Scott Case Reaction to the Decision – Divided the country – South: Agreed that nothing could legally stop the spread of slavery – Republicans and other antislavery groups (who wanted to limit the spread of slavery): Ruled unconstitutional
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Congressional election of 1858 Abraham Lincoln was a unknown Republican Stephen Douglas was a current Democrat Senator Main topic of the debates were SLAVERY Douglas narrowly won the election, but Lincoln gained national reputation as a clear thinker with force and passion.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Abraham Lincoln – Slavery was morally wrong – There was no easy way to end slavery where it already existed – Slavery should NOT be allowed to spread
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Stephen Douglas – Disliked slavery – Believed that the controversy over it would interfere with the nation’s growth – Thought slavery could be resolved with popular sovereignty