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 Marriage designates the socially recognized, specially intimate relationship between a man and a woman which is expected to involve the sexual, economic,

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Presentation on theme: " Marriage designates the socially recognized, specially intimate relationship between a man and a woman which is expected to involve the sexual, economic,"— Presentation transcript:

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2  Marriage designates the socially recognized, specially intimate relationship between a man and a woman which is expected to involve the sexual, economic, and other forms of interaction thought necessary to a full life.  Major means in which new groups are formed and new relationships between existing groups are established and maintained  Definition from 30 years ago

3  A union between two or more people that established certain rights and obligations between the people, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws  Other key characteristics: Marriage is universal and marriage has rules that vary from culture to culture

4  Love has nothing to do with marriage in many cultures  Remember: We, as Americans, cannot judge a pattern that differs from the American norm by American standards  Love and Marriage did not come together until 17 th century --- and then only among the property-less poor. (They have nothing to lose!)

5  consanguines- “blood” relatives, people related by birth  affines- “in-laws”- people related by marriage  nuclear family- domestic unit made up of married couple and any unmarried children  Canadian and American tradition of “family”  extended family- more distant relatives  cousins, aunts, grandparents

6  2 approaches  #1: Descent approach- rooted in idea of unilineal descent- one line. Sees themselves from one side of the family  Matrilineal descent- linked to mother’s side of descent line; member of their clan  Patrilineal descent- roots linked to father’s side  Or bilateral- both are equally important

7  #2- Alliance view- Groups exchange individuals  Bridewealth- goods are exchanged for women ▪ Compensating the women’s family for their loss  Brideservice- labor is performed by groom’s family on behalf of women’s family  Dowry- family of the bride transfer some of their wealth to daughter and new husband  These exchanges helps to keep marriages together. There is an economic interest

8 1. Exogamous Rules- an individual is prohibited from marrying within her or his own family or other kin group, or village -incest taboo- only disallows sex with relatives, while exogamous rules outlaw marriage 2. Endogamous Rules- Individual must marry someone within his or her own social group - India’s caste system

9  Monogamy- Individuals are allowed only one spouse. Most common, but not most preferred.  Polygyny- One man is allowed multiple wives  Most preferred in 80-85% of world societies  Commons where women do much of the work or where there is shortage of males  Often welcomed by women

10  Polyandry- One woman is allowed multiple husbands  Seen in Tibet/Nepal  Mainly in societies where land and women are scarce  Group marriage- Several women and men are allowed to be married simultaneously to each other.  Very rare. Not even a good solid example except in communes like Oneida community in NY ( )

11  Where new couples in a society establish their residence  patrilocal-  matrilocal-  bilocal-  neolocal-  avunculocal-

12  All societies regulate sexual behavior  Three common sexual regulations:  1. By gender (prohibiting either homo or hetero- sexual activities)  2. By age  3. By relation (the incest taboo)

13  Terms invented as medical terms in 1800’s  Webster’s dictionary (1923) defines homosexuality as “morbid sexual passion for on the same sex”  But also defines heterosexuality as “morbid sexual passion for one of the opposite sex”  By 1934, definition had changed: Heterosexuality: “normal sexuality”  Homosexuality became a mental illness/perversion

14  2-10% in America are homosexual  Commons in Ancient Greece- considered pursuing virtue – LOVE usually only between males  Love between men and women considered a madness

15  More ab0ut sex and love later…


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