2ObjectivesDescribe the norms that influence the ways in which marriage patterns are organized around the world.Identify the basic societal needs that the institution of the family satisfies.Explain how American families begin & describe some of the disruptions they might face.Analyze some of the trends in American family life currently being examined by sociologists.
3Familya group of people who are related by marriage, blood or adoption & who often live together and share economic resources
4Nuclear Family consists of 1 or more parents & their children Family of Orientation: nuclear family into which one is born or adoptedFamily of Procreation: nuclear family consisting of an individual, his or her spouse & their children
5Extended Family consists of 2 or more generations grandparents, parents, children, uncles, aunts & cousins may all live together
6Kinshipa network of people who are related by marriage, birth, or adoption
8Marriage-Partner Patterns Monogamy: marriage of 2 partners onlyPolygamy: marriage with multiple partners
9Descent PatternsPatrilineal Descent: kinship traced through father’s familyMatrilineal Descent: kinship traced through mother’s familyBilateral Descent: kinship traced through both parentsimportant in matters of property ownership & inheritance.
10Residential PatternsPatrilocality: newly married couple expected to live with or near husband’s parentsMatrilocality: newly married couple expected to live with or near wife’s parentsBilocality: newly married couple allowed to chooseNeolocality: newly married couple free to choose their own locality
11Authority PatternsPatriarchy: system in which men are dominant over womenMatriarchy: system in which women are dominant over menEgalitarian: a family in which the man & woman share power
12Functions of the Family regulation of sexual activityIncest: tabooreproductionsocializationeconomic & emotional security
13Homogamymarriage between individuals who have similar social characteristics
14Heterogamymarriage between individuals who have different social characteristics
15Trends in American Family Life delayed marriagechildlessnessdual-earner marriagesdelayed childbearingremarriage1-parent families
16CLASSWORK: CHAPTER 12 Pg 304: #2-3 Pg 317: #2-3 Pg 318: #1-10 Identifying People & IdeasPg 318: #1-5 Understanding Main IdeasPg 319: #1-4 Building Social Studies Skills
17Exploring Cultural Diversity Please turn in your books to Pg 298.Read the following study on changing family life & answer the “Think About It” questions in your journals.