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The Family.  Describe the norms that influence the ways in which marriage patterns are organized around the world.  Identify the basic societal needs.

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Presentation on theme: "The Family.  Describe the norms that influence the ways in which marriage patterns are organized around the world.  Identify the basic societal needs."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Family

2  Describe the norms that influence the ways in which marriage patterns are organized around the world.  Identify the basic societal needs that the institution of the family satisfies.  Explain how American families begin & describe some of the disruptions they might face.  Analyze some of the trends in American family life currently being examined by sociologists.

3  a group of people who are related by marriage, blood or adoption & who often live together and share economic resources

4  consists of 1 or more parents & their children  Family of Orientation: nuclear family into which one is born or adopted  Family of Procreation: nuclear family consisting of an individual, his or her spouse & their children

5  consists of 2 or more generations ▪ grandparents, parents, children, uncles, aunts & cousins may all live together

6  a network of people who are related by marriage, birth, or adoption

7

8  Monogamy: marriage of 2 partners only  Polygamy: marriage with multiple partners

9  Patrilineal Descent: kinship traced through father’s family  Matrilineal Descent: kinship traced through mother’s family  Bilateral Descent: kinship traced through both parents ▪ important in matters of property ownership & inheritance.

10  Patrilocality: newly married couple expected to live with or near husband’s parents  Matrilocality: newly married couple expected to live with or near wife’s parents  Bilocality: newly married couple allowed to choose  Neolocality: newly married couple free to choose their own locality

11  Patriarchy: system in which men are dominant over women  Matriarchy: system in which women are dominant over men  Egalitarian: a family in which the man & woman share power

12  regulation of sexual activity  Incest: taboo  reproduction  socialization  economic & emotional security

13  marriage between individuals who have similar social characteristics

14  marriage between individuals who have different social characteristics

15  delayed marriage  childlessness  dual-earner marriages  delayed childbearing  remarriage  1-parent families

16  Pg 304: #2-3  Pg 317: #2-3  Pg 318: #1-10 Identifying People & Ideas  Pg 318: #1-5 Understanding Main Ideas  Pg 319: #1-4 Building Social Studies Skills

17  Please turn in your books to Pg 298.  Read the following study on changing family life & answer the “Think About It” questions in your journals.


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