Presentation on theme: "The Family. Describe the norms that influence the ways in which marriage patterns are organized around the world. Identify the basic societal needs."— Presentation transcript:
Describe the norms that influence the ways in which marriage patterns are organized around the world. Identify the basic societal needs that the institution of the family satisfies. Explain how American families begin & describe some of the disruptions they might face. Analyze some of the trends in American family life currently being examined by sociologists.
a group of people who are related by marriage, blood or adoption & who often live together and share economic resources
consists of 1 or more parents & their children Family of Orientation: nuclear family into which one is born or adopted Family of Procreation: nuclear family consisting of an individual, his or her spouse & their children
consists of 2 or more generations ▪ grandparents, parents, children, uncles, aunts & cousins may all live together
a network of people who are related by marriage, birth, or adoption
Monogamy: marriage of 2 partners only Polygamy: marriage with multiple partners
Patrilineal Descent: kinship traced through father’s family Matrilineal Descent: kinship traced through mother’s family Bilateral Descent: kinship traced through both parents ▪ important in matters of property ownership & inheritance.
Patrilocality: newly married couple expected to live with or near husband’s parents Matrilocality: newly married couple expected to live with or near wife’s parents Bilocality: newly married couple allowed to choose Neolocality: newly married couple free to choose their own locality
Patriarchy: system in which men are dominant over women Matriarchy: system in which women are dominant over men Egalitarian: a family in which the man & woman share power
regulation of sexual activity Incest: taboo reproduction socialization economic & emotional security
marriage between individuals who have similar social characteristics
marriage between individuals who have different social characteristics