Presentation on theme: "In grammer British English American English. 1.Verb agreement with collective nouns 2.Tense ： Past tense forms present perfect have-get-take 3. Use of."— Presentation transcript:
In grammer British English American English
1.Verb agreement with collective nouns 2.Tense ： Past tense forms present perfect have-get-take 3. Use of auxiliaries and modals 4. Use of prepositions
BrEAmE The committee meets/meet tomorrow. The committee meets tomorrow. The team is/are going to lose. The team is going to lose. Collective nouns + verb BrE: singular /plural verbs AmE: singular verbs Verb Agreement With Collective Nouns
The enemy is suing for peace. (AmE) The government have not announced a new policy. (BrE) The Beatles are a well-known band.
Past tense forms Last night, I _____________ (dream) that I could fly. The bad news has ___________ (spoil) my day. He suddenly sprang to his feet when he ___________(learn) the news. dreamt/dreamed spoilt/ spoiled learnt/ learned BrE: irregular form AmE: regular form
Company Logo InfinitiveSimple past (Br) Simple past (Am) Past participle (Br) Past participle (Am) burnburned/ burnt dreamdreamed/ dreamt getgot gotten learnlearned/ learnt learnedlearned/ learnt learned smellsmelled/ smelt smelledsmelled/ smelt smelled spoilspoiled/ spoilt wakewokewoke/ waked woken
BrE: present perfect (have/has + P.P). AmE: simple past Jenny feels ill. She ate too much. (AmE) Jenny feels ill. She's eaten too much. (BrE) I can't find my keys. Did you see them anywhere? (AmE) I can't find my keys. Have you seen them anywhere? (BrE) Present Perfect Tense
你完成作业了吗？ Have you finished your homework yet? Did you finish your homework yet? 我刚吃过午饭。 I've just had lunch. I just had lunch. 我钥匙丢了。 I have lost my key. I lost my key. 你有笔吗？ Have you got a pen? Do you have a pen? ChineseBrEAmE Expressions
Possession BrE: have got AmE: have Do you have a car? (AmE) Have you got a car? (BrE) He hasn't got any friends. (BrE) He doesn't have any friends. (AmE)
Verb ‘Get’ ‘get’: Past Participle BrE: got AmE: gotten He's gotten much better at playing tennis. (AmE) He's got much better at playing tennis. (BrE)
Listen to the two sentences He's got better at reading. He's gotten better at reading. BrE AmE
Use of delexical verbs have & take I'd like to have a bath. She's having a little nap.(BrE) Joe‘s taking a shower. I’d like to take a bath. Let‘s take a short vacation. Why don’t you take a rest now? （ AmE ）
In British English, the auxiliary do is often used as a substitute for a verb when replying to a question, e.g.: A: Are you coming with us? B: I might do. In American English A: Are you coming with us? B: I might. Use of auxiliaries and modals
BrE They needn't come to school today. AmE They don't need to come to school today. BrE I shall/will be there later.(future) Shall we/I ask him to come with us? （ advice or opinion ） AmE Should we ask him to come with us? shall
British English at the weekend at university Please write to me soon. American English on the weekend in high school Please write me soon. Prepositions
AmE "He jumped off of the box" BrE "He jumped off the box". BrE: This place is different from/to anything I've seen before. AmE: This place is different from/than anything I've seen before.
A Game! Who is Dirty Dan?
Scotland Yard police are looking for a famous American bank robber called Dirty Dan. Dirty Dan robbed a bank in London last Friday night. They are interviewing three different people. All three have British accents, but the police know that Dirty Dan can imitate a British accent. Read parts of each of the transcript. Can you identify Dirty Dan from the language he uses?
Company Logo I’ve already said this. On Friday night I went to see a film at the cinema. It was Matrix Revolutions. I don’t really like action films, but my friends really wanted to see it. It was rather boring. After that I went home and had a nice hot bath. I went to bed around midnight. 3 I wasn’t in town at the weekend, and I certainly wasn’t anywhere near the bank on Friday night. I was at a hotel in Paris with a special friend of mine. Shall I give you the hotel phone number? You needn’t bother asking me any more questions. You’ve got the wrong man. 2 I already said this. I didn’t do anything special on the weekend. Friday night I took a shower in my apartment and then went out to see a movie. It was a movie I had already seen, Matrix Revolutions. I really like action movies. I went with my girlfriend Samantha. 1