4 MAIN INFLUENCES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 55 BC AD1928
5 ENGLISH EVOLUTION AND CONTRASTS English has become a universal languageThere are many varieties of the language in the worldModern British English is influenced by American English,so some contrasts are disappearing
6 American English (AmE) COMPARISONBritish and American English are reference norms for English in the rest of the worldBritish English (BrE) is the form of English used in the United Kingdom, and includes all English dialects used within the United Kingdom.American English (AmE)is the form of English used in the United States, and includes all English dialects used within the United States.
7 BRITISH HEGEMONY AND NATIONAL 1607-1776 American Revolution Political and cultural independenceNew nation needed a sense of linguistic identityFirst American dictionary written by Noah Webster (1828)An American Dictionary of the English LanguageCOLONIALBritish coloniesIntroduced EnglishSettlers, AmeridiansINTERNATIONAL1898-present period
8 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH AND AMERICAN DIALECTS PRONUNCIATIONSPELLINGDATES10/23/ BRE23/10/ AMERNUMBERSGRAMMARVOCABULARYDIFFERENCES BETWEENBRITISH AND AMERICANDIALECTS
15 USE OF THE PRESENT PERFECT In British English it is used to talk about past actions that have an effect in the presentI have lost my key. Can you help me look for it?In American English past simple and present perfect are used in the same situationsI lost my key. Can you help me look for it?
16 PRESENT PERFECT X SIMPLE PAST AND ADVERBS ALREADY, JUST, YET British English use the present perfect with these adverbs of indefinite timeAmerican English: simple past and present perfectI have already seen that film.I have just had lunch.Have you finished your homework yet?I just had lunch OR I have just had lunchI have already seen that film OR I already saw that film.Have your finished your homework yet? OR Did you finish your homework yet?
17 Do you have a computer? Yes, I do. Have x Have gotBritish Englishhave got or haveAmerican Englishonly have can be used in questions and negative sentencesThey have/have got two computers.Have you got a computer? Yes, I have.Do you have a computer? Yes, I do.The past participle of the verb get is gotten in American EnglishHe is gotten much better at playing tennis.
18 PREPOSITIONS AND PARTICLES At the weekendIn a teamPlease write to me soonOn the weekendOn a teamPlease write me soonFORM THE ADVERBIn informal American English the adverb form ending in -ly is often not usedHe looked at me really strangely.He looked at me really strange.SHALLShall is not used instead of will in American English for the first person singular of the futureI shall/will be here tomorrow.I will be here tomorrow