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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AMERICAN ENGLISH AND BRITISH ENGLISH

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Presentation on theme: "DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AMERICAN ENGLISH AND BRITISH ENGLISH"— Presentation transcript:

1 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AMERICAN ENGLISH AND BRITISH ENGLISH

2 "England and America are two countries separated by a common language
(George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, )

3 fag YOUNG MAN CIGARETTE subway underground

4 MAIN INFLUENCES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
55 BC AD 1928

5 ENGLISH EVOLUTION AND CONTRASTS
English has become a universal language There are many varieties of the language in the world Modern British English is influenced by American English, so some contrasts are disappearing

6 American English (AmE)
COMPARISON British and American English are reference norms for English in the rest of the world British English (BrE) is the form of English used in the United Kingdom, and includes all English dialects used within the United Kingdom. American English (AmE) is the form of English used in the United States, and includes all English dialects used within the United States.

7 BRITISH HEGEMONY AND NATIONAL 1607-1776 American Revolution
Political and cultural independence New nation needed a sense of linguistic identity First American dictionary written by Noah Webster (1828) An American Dictionary of the English Language COLONIAL British colonies Introduced English Settlers, Ameridians INTERNATIONAL 1898-present period

8 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH AND AMERICAN DIALECTS
PRONUNCIATION SPELLING DATES 10/23/ BRE 23/10/ AMER NUMBERS GRAMMAR VOCABULARY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH AND AMERICAN DIALECTS

9 DIFFERENCES OF VOCABULARY
SOME WORDS

10 solicitor/ lawyer barrister aeroplane airplane current checking account account state public school school sweet (s) candy (ies) diary appointment book trade labor union union flat apartment biscuit (s) cookie (s)

11 DIFFERENCES IN SPELLING

12 - -ze -l -ll -re -er -ogue -og -ck or -k -que
-our -or colour color honour honor favourite favorite -se - -ze analyse analyze criticise criticize memorise memorize -l -ll enrolment enrollment fulfil fulfill skiful skifull -re -er centre center metre Meter theatre teather -ogue -og analogue analog catalogue catalog dialogue dialog -ck or -k -que banque bank cheque check

13 OTHER WORD-SPECIFIC DIFFERENCES
-ae/oe -e encyclopaedia encyclopedia manoeuvre manoeuve mediaeval medieval -dge/ge/gue -dg/g/gu ageing aging arguement argument judgement judgment -c -s licence license defence defense OTHER WORD-SPECIFIC DIFFERENCES jewellry jewelry draught draft pyjamas pajamas plough plow programme program tyre tire

14 DIFFERENCE IN GRAMMAR

15 USE OF THE PRESENT PERFECT
In British English it is used to talk about past actions that have an effect in the present I have lost my key. Can you help me look for it? In American English past simple and present perfect are used in the same situations I lost my key. Can you help me look for it?

16 PRESENT PERFECT X SIMPLE PAST AND ADVERBS ALREADY, JUST, YET
British English use the present perfect with these adverbs of indefinite time American English: simple past and present perfect I have already seen that film. I have just had lunch. Have you finished your homework yet? I just had lunch OR I have just had lunch I have already seen that film OR I already saw that film. Have your finished your homework yet? OR Did you finish your homework yet?

17 Do you have a computer? Yes, I do.
Have x Have got British English have got or have American English only have can be used in questions and negative sentences They have/have got two computers. Have you got a computer? Yes, I have. Do you have a computer? Yes, I do. The past participle of the verb get is gotten in American English He is gotten much better at playing tennis.

18 PREPOSITIONS AND PARTICLES
At the weekend In a team Please write to me soon On the weekend On a team Please write me soon FORM THE ADVERB In informal American English the adverb form ending in -ly is often not used He looked at me really strangely. He looked at me really strange. SHALL Shall is not used instead of will in American English for the first person singular of the future I shall/will be here tomorrow. I will be here tomorrow

19 VERBS IRREGULAR REGULAR
burn / burnt / burnt dream / dreamt / dreamt lean / leant / leant learn / learnt / learnt smell / smelt / smelt spell / spelt / spelt spill / spilt / spilt spoil / spoilt / spoilt burn / burned / burned dream / dreamed / dreamed lean / leaned / leaned learn / learned / learned smell / smelled /smelled spell / spelled /spelled spill / spilled / spilled spoil / spoiled / spoiled

20 DIFFERENCES IN PRONUNCIATION

21 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKEM-juLxmM


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