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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AMERICAN ENGLISH AND BRITISH ENGLISH.

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Presentation on theme: "DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AMERICAN ENGLISH AND BRITISH ENGLISH."— Presentation transcript:

1 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN AMERICAN ENGLISH AND BRITISH ENGLISH

2 "England and America are two countries separated by a common language." (George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1856-1950)

3 fag undergroundsubway CIGARETTE YOUNG MAN

4 MAIN INFLUENCES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 55 BC - 449 AD 450 - 1066 1150-1400 1476 - 1782 1828 - 1928 1928

5 English has become a universal language There are many varieties of the language in the world Modern British English is influenced by American English, so some contrasts are disappearing ENGLISH EVOLUTION AND CONTRASTS

6 COMPARISON British English (BrE) is the form of English used in the United Kingdom, and includes all English dialects used within the United Kingdom. American English (AmE) is the form of English used in the United States, and includes all English dialects used within the United States. British and American English are reference norms for English in the rest of the world

7 BRITISH HEGEMONY AND COLONIAL 1607-1776 British colonies Introduced English Settlers, Ameridians NATIONAL 1607-1776 American Revolution Political and cultural independence New nation needed a sense of linguistic identity First American dictionary written by Noah Webster (1828) An American Dictionary of the English Language INTERNATIONAL 1898-present period

8 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRITISH AND AMERICAN DIALECTS

9 DIFFERENCES OF VOCABULARY SOME WORDS

10 solicitor/ lawyer barrister diary appointment book flat apartment aeroplane airplane sweet (s) candy (ies) biscuit (s) cookie (s) current checking account account state public school school trade labor union union

11 DIFFERENCES IN SPELLING

12 -our-or colourcolor honourhonor favouritefavorite -l-ll enrolmentenrollment fulfilfulfill skifulskifull -ogue-og analogueanalog cataloguecatalog dialoguedialog -se- -ze analyseanalyze criticisecriticize memorisememorize -re-er centrecenter metreMeter theatreteather -ck or -k-que banquebank chequecheck

13 -ae/oe -e encyclopaediaencyclopedia manoeuvremanoeuve mediaevalmedieval -dge/ge/gue-dg/g/gu ageing aging arguement argument judgement judgment -c -s licencelicense defencedefense jewellryjewelry draughtdraft pyjamaspajamas ploughplow programmeprogram tyretire OTHER WORD-SPECIFIC DIFFERENCES

14 DIFFERENCE IN GRAMMAR

15 In British English it is used to talk about past actions that have an effect in the present I have lost my key. Can you help me look for it? In American English past simple and present perfect are used in the same situations I lost my key. Can you help me look for it? USE OF THE PRESENT PERFECT

16 British English use the present perfect with these adverbs of indefinite time I have already seen that film. I have just had lunch. Have you finished your homework yet ? PRESENT PERFECT X SIMPLE PAST AND ADVERBS ALREADY, JUST, YET I just had lunch OR I have just had lunch I have already seen that film OR I already saw that film. Have your finished your homework yet? OR Did you finish your homework yet? American English: simple past and present perfect

17 Have x Have got British English have got or have American English only have can be used in questions and negative sentences They have/have got two computers. Have you got a computer? Yes, I have. Do you have a computer? Yes, I do. The past participle of the verb get is gotten in American English He is gotten much better at playing tennis.

18 FORM THE ADVERB In informal American English the adverb form ending in -ly is often not used SHALL Shall is not used instead of will in American English for the first person singular of the future I shall/will be here tomorrow. At the weekendIn a teamPlease write to me soonOn the weekendOn a teamPlease write me soon He looked at me really strange. He looked at me really strangely. I will be here tomorrow PREPOSITIONS AND PARTICLES

19 VERBS IRREGULAR REGULAR  burn / burnt / burnt  dream / dreamt / dreamt  lean / leant / leant  learn / learnt / learnt  smell / smelt / smelt  spell / spelt / spelt  spill / spilt / spilt  spoil / spoilt / spoilt  burn / burned / burned  dream / dreamed / dreamed  lean / leaned / leaned  learn / learned / learned  smell / smelled /smelled  spell / spelled /spelled  spill / spilled / spilled  spoil / spoiled / spoiled

20 DIFFERENCES IN PRONUNCIATION

21 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKEM-juLxmM


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