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Designing the Landscape. Key Questions  What are the three major areas of a residential landscape?  What are the elements that make up the three main.

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Presentation on theme: "Designing the Landscape. Key Questions  What are the three major areas of a residential landscape?  What are the elements that make up the three main."— Presentation transcript:

1 Designing the Landscape

2 Key Questions  What are the three major areas of a residential landscape?  What are the elements that make up the three main areas of design?  What family activities occur in the three areas of design?  What rules of landscape design apply to the public area?  What landscape design rules apply to the outdoor living area?  What are points of emphasis in the design area?

3 The Major Design Areas  The public area Portion of property that is in full view of the public Area between the house and the road Landscaping should improve appearance of the house and focus attention on the front door 3 main goals  Soften the architectural lines of the house  Frame the house with trees  Maintain open view areas


5 The Public Area  Architectural Features Use plant materials to soften the lines of the house Repeat the dominant lines of the house with plant materials/”lines of influence”  Sketch the house out in elevation view  Locate the windows, doors, and porches on the drawing  Indicate the dominant lines and masses on sketch with colored pencils




9 Landscaping to meet Architecture  Dominant lines of house should be repeated in plant materials Use trees and shrubs with horizontal branching if house has dominant horizontal lines Use trees with pyramidal growth habits for houses with peaks and dominant pyramidal forms  Only use these type of trees to houses with peaks  Use plants to balance the house  If house has many details, then use simple plantings with neutral green colors and rounded forms



12 Walks, driveways, and parking areas  should blend into the landscape  Walks should follow a direct line, be parallel to the house and be wide enough for 2 people to walk side by side  Drives should not be excessive and detract from house Single car- min of 10’ Double car- min of 18’ Drives that double as walk- 11’ 8” wide Circle drives ft wide





17 The Role of Trees  Frame house in public area  Select trees whose mature size match the size of the house  Can provide shade  Can mask awkward architectural features



20 Shrubs  Tie house to the landscape  Hide foundation of house  Use foundation plants at corners and doorways  Should not cover windows, walks and doors  Do not over prune plants  Locate plants at least one foot beyond the drip line of the house


22 Corner Plantings  Use plants with rounded forms and arrange them in group plantings Should consist of several different plant species that complement each other Should not grow high taller than 2/3 the distance from the ground to the eaves  Help unite the house with the landscape  Hide the foundation of the house  Helps draw attention to the front door


24 Doorway Plantings  Use different plantings on either side of the doorway  Use shorter plants for doorway plantings Determine the height of the plants, follow a line fro the threshhold of the door to a point at the corners of the house that is 2/3 the distance from the ground to the eaves  Chose plants below this line  Should be no taller than ¼ to 1/3 the distance from the ground to the eaves  Use specimen plants to pull viewer’s eye to the door  Can create entry garden  Lawns unite all areas of the public area




28 Outdoor Living Area  Includes all property to the rear of the house except service area  View tend to be away from the house  Design focus on utility and beauty Focus on gardening interests and entertaining  Enclosures- fences, wall, plants  Surface areas- walks, patios, decks  Plantings- shrubs, trees to enhance  Garden accessories- add interest, sculptures, pools, fountains, etc.





33 Ceiling in OLA  Involves overhead features  Design to view sky  Trees provide shade and overhead protection  Patio umbrellas


35 Walls in OLA  Define space  Screen views  Provide privacy- 6ft high  Serve as backdrop for plants  Can use plants Cheaper than hardscape but take up ground space- limit to large spaces Use hedges  Fences- different types, top must be level, 2 types should not meet at a corner




39 Floor of OLA  Grass, ground cover plants, mulches, concrete, stone, brick  Base on function  Patios and decks serve to transition from inside to outside- put near kitchen Put high interest plantings within view of patio  Walkways- connect public area to private area



42 Planting for OLA  Provide pleasure  Borders, annual & perennial gardens (color), trees  High interest plantings to capture attention from patio and inside


44 Garden Accessories for OLA  Add interest, use as focal points  Sculptures, pools, fountains  Locate within high interest planting





49 Service Area  Areas to the rear and side of house  Garbage cans, storage sheds, clotheslines, compost piles, vegetable gardens  Screen from view of public area and private area

50 Play Areas  Design to blend in  Place where they are less noticeable  Locate within an open line of site from patio and indoors  Use shade trees for overhead protection






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