2Key QuestionsWhat are the three major areas of a residential landscape?What are the elements that make up the three main areas of design?What family activities occur in the three areas of design?What rules of landscape design apply to the public area?What landscape design rules apply to the outdoor living area?What are points of emphasis in the design area?
3The Major Design Areas The public area Portion of property that is in full view of the publicArea between the house and the roadLandscaping should improve appearance of the house and focus attention on the front door3 main goalsSoften the architectural lines of the houseFrame the house with treesMaintain open view areas
5The Public Area Architectural Features Use plant materials to soften the lines of the houseRepeat the dominant lines of the house with plant materials/”lines of influence”Sketch the house out in elevation viewLocate the windows, doors, and porches on the drawingIndicate the dominant lines and masses on sketch with colored pencils
9Landscaping to meet Architecture Dominant lines of house should be repeated in plant materialsUse trees and shrubs with horizontal branching if house has dominant horizontal linesUse trees with pyramidal growth habits for houses with peaks and dominant pyramidal formsOnly use these type of trees to houses with peaksUse plants to balance the houseIf house has many details, then use simple plantings with neutral green colors and rounded forms
12Walks, driveways, and parking areas should blend into the landscapeWalks should follow a direct line, be parallel to the house and be wide enough for 2 people to walk side by sideDrives should not be excessive and detract from houseSingle car- min of 10’Double car- min of 18’Drives that double as walk- 11’ 8” wideCircle drives ft wide
20Shrubs Tie house to the landscape Hide foundation of house Use foundation plants at corners and doorwaysShould not cover windows, walks and doorsDo not over prune plantsLocate plants at least one foot beyond the drip line of the house
22Corner PlantingsUse plants with rounded forms and arrange them in group plantingsShould consist of several different plant species that complement each otherShould not grow high taller than 2/3 the distance from the ground to the eavesHelp unite the house with the landscapeHide the foundation of the houseHelps draw attention to the front door
24Doorway PlantingsUse different plantings on either side of the doorwayUse shorter plants for doorway plantingsDetermine the height of the plants, follow a line fro the threshhold of the door to a point at the corners of the house that is 2/3 the distance from the ground to the eavesChose plants below this lineShould be no taller than ¼ to 1/3 the distance from the ground to the eavesUse specimen plants to pull viewer’s eye to the doorCan create entry gardenLawns unite all areas of the public area
28Outdoor Living AreaIncludes all property to the rear of the house except service areaView tend to be away from the houseDesign focus on utility and beautyFocus on gardening interests and entertainingEnclosures- fences, wall, plantsSurface areas- walks, patios, decksPlantings- shrubs, trees to enhanceGarden accessories- add interest, sculptures, pools, fountains, etc.
35Walls in OLA Define space Screen views Provide privacy- 6ft high Serve as backdrop for plantsCan use plantsCheaper than hardscape but take up ground space- limit to large spacesUse hedgesFences- different types, top must be level, 2 types should not meet at a corner
39Floor of OLAGrass, ground cover plants, mulches, concrete, stone, brickBase on functionPatios and decks serve to transition from inside to outside- put near kitchenPut high interest plantings within view of patioWalkways- connect public area to private area