2 Why am I taking this unit? This unit is designed to expose second year Ag-Ed students to the principles of landscape design and common landscape plants.
3 When will I ever use this? Some students may pursue a career in landscape design.It is a rewarding and lucrative career choice.The information is very useful to a homeowner.You will know what plants will work in different areas of the landscape.It will help you relate to a professional negotiating a contract when buying a house.
5 Why is it important to landscape? Usefulness –Walkways, driveway, patio and other useful features should be located so that they are useful to getting you around the landscape and should blend into the design.
12 Imagine you are a landscaper and a customer calls your business Imagine you are a landscaper and a customer calls your business. Your first plan of action is a PRELIMINARY SURVEY or SITE ANALYSISWhat are the components of a preliminary survey?Interview occupantsSite analysisPrepare a plot planDivide the property into zonesDefine the planting area and landscape featuresClimate control
14 What are questions you would ask a new customer? What kind of landscape work are they interested in having done?Is it a new landscape?Is it a renovation of an already existing landscape?Would they like specific area planted?Do they have ideas of what they would like?Water garden, foundation planting, perennial garden…
15 What are their preferences? For example:Do they have a particular tree, shrub or flower in mind?Do they have a particular style in mind?colonialcontemporaryNaturalistic
21 How much are they willing to spend on this project? This question must be asked very carefully.If it is a large job, should they consider doing it in affordable stages?Do they need help with the design, but are willing to help with the work?Does it look like they have the money to have it all done for them, spare no expense?
22 What notations would you make during a site analysis? Once you get an idea of what they want, go out to the site and perform a site analysis.What notations would you make during a site analysis?Dimensions of the lotIs there a pond, brook, marsh or wet areaMark out the existing trees and shrub and their conditionType of soilExisting structuresConcerns
23 Draw out a plot plan. What is a plot plan? It is a basic sketch of what is currently in the landscape viewed from above.It is not detailed.
24 What are considerations when drawing a plot plan? Open spaces and distances between objectsObjects and plants should be thought of as forms and mass with height, width and thickness.Use mature plant size when drawing the plant symbol.Use tracing paper over the plot plan to explore several landscape design ideas.
25 Dividing the property into zones is a good beginning step for landscapers. Public zone – seen by people passing byUsually the front yardProvides the setting for the houseIncludes features such as driveway, walkway, and entrance of the house
27 Service Area – work areas of the yard Out of view from the living area and passing publicShould connect easily to the work area of the house (kitchen, basement)Includes features such as storage area, garden shed, garage, garbage storage areaFor activities messy in appearance
35 How are walkways and driveways used in the landscape? They help the blend the zoning of the property
36 How wide should a sidewalk be? 4 feetThis allows two people to walk side by side on the sidewalk
37 The plot plan has been drawn and the property zones have been identified. What is the next step? Identify the planting areasLook through the windows to see what views you would like to changePlan structural featuresPut in general dimensions and placing of features such as a pool, retaining wall, fence or screen
38 How can a landscaper use plants to help the homeowner save money on the home heating and cooling bills?Cooling the house in the summer?Plant deciduous trees on the south side of the house to shade it.Keeping the house warmer in the winter?Plant deciduous trees on the south side of the house to allow sun in during the winter.andPlant evergreen trees or shrubs on the north side to create a wind break for the cold winter winds.
39 The principles of design UnitySingle features and plants should fit into the whole picture.Each item must contribute to the theme.To help unify, it helps to put some of the same types of plants in different planting areas.
54 ScaleProportion and relationship among the house, construction groupings and plant groupings.It is important to be very careful here, you can visually change the size and shape of the house by the arrangement of trees and shrubs.
62 TextureTexture determines the visual weight the plant will have in the landscape.The smaller the leaf and the more open the branches the finer the texture, thus less visual weight.Ferns tend to have a light texture, rhododendrons have a dense texture