2The Art and Science of Growing Plants Horticulture is referred to the art and science of growing plants.Landscaping is the segment of Horticulture pertaining to the art and science of growing plants in an outdoor setting The art of landscaping deals with visual art. Which is pleasing to the eye.
3The Art and Science of Growing Plants Plant Selection process is often the most time consuming step in producing a design.All the plants must fit well with the other elements of the design to make it look attractive.The major design qualites to consider in selecting plants for the landscape are line, form, texture, and color.
4The Art and Science of Growing Plants What is line?So everything in the landscape has line. Whether it is natural or artifical.Line gives the viewer’s eye direction and movement.Lines also create emotional and psychological responses form the viewer
5The Art and Science of Growing Plants Line Cont..Vertical Lines are severe and when used in excess causes a feeling of tension and nervousnessHorizontal lines provide relaxing pleasant emotional responses
6The Art and Science of Growing Plants What is form?It is the three demensional shape of the plant. Examples of forms or plant shape include: Columar, Wide -Oval, pyramidal, round, vase shaped, and weeping
7Wide-oval Much wider than tall Often a small tree Branches low to the groundWorks well to frame & screenA focal point plant
20The Art and Science of Growing Plants What is Texture?It is the appearance of the pant in terms of coarseness or fineness, roughness or smoothness, heaviness or lightness, denseness or thinness.
21The Art and Science of Growing Plants There are some rules of design to keep in mind as you consider the texture of plants.Monotony results if all the plants in the landscape have similar textures. Therefore use some variation to add interest.
22The Art and Science of Growing Plants What is Color?It is the final design quality of plants to consider. Color has the greatest visual impact of all the design qualities
23The Art and Science of Growing Plants Color Cont..The colors of visible light are divided into two many groups:Warm ColorsCool Colors
24The Art and Science of Growing Plants Color Cont..Warm colors are :YellowOrangeRedThey appear to be striking, stimulating, and cheerful and advances toward the viewer. High in visual energy
25The Art and Science of Growing Plants Color Cont..Cool colors are:VioletBlueGreenThey have a low visual energyThey invoke a feelign of restfullness and peacefullness
26The Art and Science of Growing Plants The main purpose of using plants in the landscape is to provide a natural green setting that creates an atmosphere of restfulness
27Principles of DesignThe selection is based on the principles of art or design. The principles of design referred to in the book include repetition, variety, balance, emphasis, sequence, and scale.
28Principles of Design What is Repetition? Keeping the plants simple by repeating forms, texture, and colors of the plants throughout the design. The repetition of the design qualities of plants contributes to unity in the landscape.
29Principles of Design What is Variety? This is where you provide variety in the design by selecting some plants with different qualities of line, form, texture, or color from the mass of plants
30Principles of Design What is Balance? This is where the design is classified as formal or informal.Formal is where the design is symmetrical and has the same plantings on each side of the view
31Principles of Design Balance Cont.. Informal designs are said to be asymmetrical and have different plants and different sizes of plants on each side of the view
32Principles of Design What is Emphasis? It indicates dominance of some elements of the design over others.
33Principles of Design What is Sequence? is the uniformity of change from one item in the landscape to the next. Changes of at least one quality of form, texture, or color form one area of the planting to anther gives transition
34Principles of Design What is Scale? is the proportion of one object to another. It also means the relationship of an object with a designated standard such as a building or a person