Presentation on theme: " Tree- a single- stem, woody perennial plant reaching the height of 12 feet or more. Some trees such as a birch have several stems, but that is a rare."— Presentation transcript:
Tree- a single- stem, woody perennial plant reaching the height of 12 feet or more. Some trees such as a birch have several stems, but that is a rare case. ◦ Trees may be deciduous or evergreen ◦ Deciduous-lose their leaves. ◦ Evergreen- stay green year-round or don’t lose their leaves.
Shrubs- are multi-stem, woody plants that do not exceed 20 feet in height. In general shrubs are as tall as they are wide. They can be deciduous or evergreen. Ground cover- may be woody or herbaceous. It forms a mat less than 1 foot high covering the ground. Grass is the most common ground cover.
Vines- are woody or soft stemmed (herbaceous) plants that need some type of support. They may climb on objects or along the ground. Annuals- are herbaceous plants that live for one growing season and are valued for their flowers or colored leaves( foliage). Perennials- a plant that has a life cycle of more than 2 growing seasons. They can be trees, shrubs, or herbaceous.
Ornamental grasses- are grasses valued for their textures and colors which add interest.
Is the naming of plants. Horticultural plants have two types of name: common names and botanical names. Common names for the same plant can be different especially in different parts of the country. Genus- is a closely related group of plants made up of one or more species. Example: Red Maple, Silver Maple, Sugar Maple– are all Acer
Species- is composed of plants that show characteristics that distinguish them from other groups in the genus. Example– Red Maple is Acer rubrum. Variety- a group of plants within a species that show a significant difference from other plants in the species. (Example a plant with thorns vs. one without thorns)
Cultivar- a plant that is created by grafting or cuttings.
Fewer trees are used in landscapes than other plants, because of their size and since they may live for 100’s of years. Shade Tree- a large tree with a spreading canopy. Ornamental Tree- a smaller tree used for its beauty.
Hardiness- the ability of a tree (or other plants) to withstand cold temperatures. Our part of Ohio is in Zone 5, we can use plants that can tolerate 1,2,3,4, and 5. Messiness- avoid using trees that are known to drop fruit, twigs, and peeling bark. Messy trees can increase labor needed to maintain the appearance of the landscape.
Specimen plants- displays outstanding form, texture, and colors. It can stand alone because of these colors. Group plantings- consists of several different species of shrubs. The group provides a bigger impact than alone. Hedges- consists of all one type of shrub. They define space, they tie other landscape elements together, and they may screen views.
Screens- is a solid mass of one type of shrub. It serves as a living wall that effectively blocks views. Foundation plants- are shrubs that are placed around the foundation of the house. They help soften the corners of the house and block the view of the foundation. Shrub borders- a mass of many shrubs on the border of the property.
Provide an accent of color to the landscape. Use with caution, since they can be so colorful. Use flowers near outdoor living area or in small numbers near the entry way to the public area. Flowers should enhance the house and landscape and not distract from them.
Flowers should be planted in front of woody plants or physical structures. Place taller plants to the rear. Avoid mixing colors in the beds. Angled or incurves flower beds work the best.