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University of Palestine-Gaza Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture Landscape Design Lecture 1 Dr. Akram Ijla Architect; Ms. Safaa Battrawi.

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Presentation on theme: "University of Palestine-Gaza Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture Landscape Design Lecture 1 Dr. Akram Ijla Architect; Ms. Safaa Battrawi."— Presentation transcript:

1 University of Palestine-Gaza Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture Landscape Design Lecture 1 Dr. Akram Ijla Architect; Ms. Safaa Battrawi Principles of landscape design

2 Landscape design involves functional use of plants combined with artistic composition Principles of landscape design Visual or acoustic screens Framing off-landscape views –Functional use of landscapes: Microclimate control (e.g. shading, protection from wind) Creating enclosures (absolute or implied) –Functional uses should be considered first; landscape viewed as different units with different functions

3 Artistic composition derived from physical properties of plants Principles of landscape design Plants can be viewed as mainly horizontal or vertical –Horizontal shapes are less dramatic than vertical shapes –Form: Tree forms depend on branching patterns Shrub forms result from growth habits (e.g. upright or creeping)

4 Physical properties of plants important in landscape design Principles of landscape design Stems, leaves, bark, and buds determine texture of plant –Large or widely separated plant features create effect of coarseness –Texture: –Thick, tight foliage results in finer texture –Simple leaves appear coarser than compound leaves Distance of view affects texture; farther you stand from plant, the finer its texture appears

5 Physical properties of plants important in landscape design Principles of landscape design Warm colors: yellows to reds –Bright, inviting and lively –Color: Cool colors: greens to violets –Restful, receding, not as conspicuous Foliage most often considered in landscape design, but flowers, bark and fruit also important

6 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design Characters that provide unity in landscape design –simplicity –Landscapes need some characteristics to tie together different (functional) units and plants within a unit –variety –emphasis –balance –sequence –scale

7 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design Created with repetition of form, texture, colors, or specific plant species Must prevent monotony; variety is used to ‘control’ repetition –Simplicity (repetition)

8 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design –Variety Varying forms, textures and shapes to prevent boredom

9 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design –Emphasis Drawing attention to important features of landscape –Can draw attention to front door of residence by using plants that offer variety in color, texture or form near the door

10 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design –Balance Symmetrical balance = elements on either side of an axis are identical (formal feel) Asymmetrical balance = unlike elements of equal visual weight on each side of an axis (less formal) –achieved by balancing forms of unequal size (e.g. 1 tree balanced by 3 shrubs) –Color adds visual weight; brightly colored plant may need to be balanced with several plants of equal size but not brightly colored –Coarse textures are visually heavier than fine textures (more fine- textured plants needed to balance coarse-textured plants)

11 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design –Balance

12 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design –Sequence Move viewer’s eyes over landscape in orderly fashion –Achieved by gradual progression of form, texture or color –Any plant that breaks gradual progression becomes a point of emphasis

13 Unity in landscape design Principles of landscape design –Scale Relative scale or proportion of landscape affects viewer’s mood –Most landscapes should be proportional to human height or height of structure

14 Thank you


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