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Schutzstaffel = Security Squadron (SS) –Rounded up the Jews.

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Presentation on theme: "Schutzstaffel = Security Squadron (SS) –Rounded up the Jews."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Schutzstaffel = Security Squadron (SS) –Rounded up the Jews

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4 HOLOCAUST –The systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe, ½ were Jews –RACIAL PURITY

5 JEWS TARGETED (543) –Jews were not the only victims of the Holocaust, but they were the main targets of the Nazis –Anti-Semitism = hatred of Jews –Hitler said the Jews were responsible for Germany’s economic problems and Germany’s defeat after WWI

6 JEWS TARGETED (con’t) –Nuremberg Laws – stripped Jews of their German citizenship, jobs, and property –Jews had to wear bright yellow Star of David

7 Kristallnacht “Night of Broken Glass” (543) –November 9-10, 1938 –Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues –Nazis blamed the Jews for the destruction

8 A FLOOD OF JEWISH REFUGEES (543-544) –Jews fleeing Germany had trouble finding nations to accept them –France said NO –Britain said NO –USA said NO because Americans worried that Jews would take their Jobs –Also, Americans worried that the Jews were “enemy agents”

9 THE PLIGHT OF THE ST. LOUIS (544) –St. Louis was a German ocean liner The St. Louis brought Jews to America but America refused and told them to go back to Europe When the ship got back to Europe ½ of the passengers were killed in the Holocaust

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11 THE FINAL SOLUTION –Genocide – the killing of all Jews in EUROPE not just in Germany

12 THE CONDEMNED (545) –Jews –Communists, socialists, liberals –Anyone who spoke out against the German Government

13 THE CONDEMNED (con’t) –Gypies – Nazis said they were an inferior race –Freemasons – Nazis said they were part of the “Jewish Conspiracy” to rule the world –Jehovah’s Witnesses – would not join German army or salute Hitler

14 THE CONDEMNED (con’t) –Homosexuals, mentally ill, incurably ill, and the physically disabled Hitler felt the above groups were unfit for the master “Aryan Race”

15 FORCED RELOCATION (545) –Jews were ordered to live in the ghettos The ghettos were sealed off with barbed wire and stone walls

16 CONCENTRATION CAMPS (546) –They were labor camps –Families were separated –Those put in the camps worked from dawn to dusk –If you were too weak to work you were killed

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18 Concentration Camps –Murder by poison gas started in 1942

19 MASS EXTERMINATIONS (547- 548) –Germans built six death camps in Poland –Auschwitz was the largest death camp –USED Poison Gas, 12,000 killed a day You were shot, hanged, or injected with poisonous gas Medical Experiments were performed on the Jews

20 THE SURVIVORS (549) –Roughly six million Jews died in the death camps –Some Jews escaped through the help of ordinary people who were appalled by the Nazis

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