Presentation on theme: "The Holocaust US History Mr. Owen Spring 2007. Persecution Begins April 7, 1933 non-Aryans are removed from gov. jobs Jews blamed for –Economic problems."— Presentation transcript:
Persecution Begins April 7, 1933 non-Aryans are removed from gov. jobs Jews blamed for –Economic problems –Defeat in WWI 1935 Nuremberg Laws, caused Jews to lose –German citizenship –Jobs –Property Jews forced to wear yellow Star of David
Kristallnacht November 9-10, 1938 Meant “Night of Broken Glass” Nazi Storm Troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues –30,000 Jews arrested –Hundred of synagogues burned
First Solution Hitler encouraged emigration –Jews left Germany for other countries –Many nations set quotas –Hitler conquers Europe Creation of Ghettos –Segregated parts of town –Jews were locked in –Very little food or supplies
Final Solution Genocide – the deliberate and systemic killing of an entire population Nazis wanted to “preserve” the master race Targets of the final solution: –Jews, Gypsies, Freemasons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, mentally ill, physically disabled, incurably ill.
Concentration Camps Originally used to imprison political opponents SS takes over –Became used to house “undesirables” –Little food –Forced to work from all day Once they were too weak to work, they were killed –Horrible conditions
The Final Stage Six death camps created in Poland –1941 first camp opened called Chelmno –Could kill 12,000 people per day Auschwitz was the largest –People were tricked to prevent resistance Told to undress Given soap Told to get into group shower Killed by poison gas Thousands of Jews died of medical experimentation