2 Objectives:Explain the reasons behind the Nazis' persecution of the Jews and the problems facing Jewish refugees.Describe the Nazis' "final solution" to the Jewish problem and the horrors of the Holocaust
3 The textbook ties with the movie 1942 Gerda Weissmann 3M Jews in Poland sent to German labor campSeparated from her family because of ageMarried Kurt Klein from the movie
4 Persecution Begins1933 Hitler ordered all non-Aryans removed from government jobsHolocaust: the systematic murder of 11 million people across EuropeAnti-Semitism: hatred of Jews. Jews blamed for Germany’s economic problems1935 Nuremberg Laws: Jews lose German citizenship, jobs & property
5 Persecution BeginsKristallnacht: Night of Broken Glass or campaign against the Jews turns violentJews flee Europe but no other country wants or will accept themU.S. brought in 100k of whom were Albert EinsteinSt. Louis in 1939 turned away with 943 passengers
6 Hitler’s Final Solution Final Solution or Genocide: deliberate & systematic killing of an entire populationOther targets: communists, socialists, liberals, Gypsies, Freemasons, Jehovah Witnesses, homosexuals, mentally deficient, mentally ill, physically disabled, incurably illGhettos: forced relocation in Poland cities
7 Ghetto Resistance Some formed resistance movements, while others published underground newspaperssecret schools to continue educating Jewish children, andkept alive various cultural activities, such as theaterand music.
8 Hitler’s Final Solution Concentration Camps originally set up for political enemies. Cycle of hunger, humiliation, work, and ends in death
9 The Final Stage 1942 camps murder using poison gas 6 death camps in PolandCheerful music played and soap distributedHuge crematoriumsMedical experiments