2 The Persecution Begins April 1933-Hitler orders all non-Aryans removed from government jobsFirst move toward racial purity that would become the Holocaust-systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe-half of them Jews
3 Why the Jews?Germans looking for a scapegoat to blame their problems onHitler blamed Jews forGerman defeat in WWIEconomic problemsMany Germans ready to support himChildren were conditioned (brainwashed) into Nazi beliefs from an early age. Here, a story book for small children stereotypes a Jew as a degenerate pervert. Anti-Semitism came easily and naturally to children who had been brought up looking at this kind of picture.
4 Why the Jews? Persecution of Jews increased as Nazi power expanded 1935-Nuremberg Laws stripped Jews of civil rights and property if they tried to leave GermanyJews now had to wear a bright yellow Star of David on their clothing
9 The Flight of Jewish Refugees Beginning in 1933-tens of thousands of Jews flee GermanyNazis wanted to send more outEncountered problemsFrance had already taken 40,000-did not want any moreBritish already taking in 500/week60,000 fled to the U.S.-more would have come but the U.S. refused to relax its strict immigration laws
10 The Flight of Jewish Refugees U.S. was worried about anti-SemitismAlso worried about competition for jobs during DepressionAfter war began, Americans worried that they may be allowing enemy agents into the U.S.
11 The Final SolutionGermany unable to eliminate their Jews through emigrationHealthy Jews now sent to slave labor campsThe rest sent to extermination campsGenocide-the deliberate killing of an entire people
12 The Condemned Nazis believed that the Aryan race must be preserved Condemned to death other races viewed as inferior or unworthy1st attempted to eliminate political opponentsCommunistsSocialistsLiberalsAnyone who spoke against the Nazi Govmt.
13 The CondemnedOnce Political opponents out of the way other groups besides Jews were targetedGypsiesFreemasonsJehovah’s WitnessesHomosexualsMentally retardedThe insaneDisabledIncurably ill
14 The CondemnedBeginning in 1939-Nazis govmt rounded up these people and sent them to “Special treatment centers”Given a “Mercy Death”As Nazis move east, they add Poles, Russians and Ukrainians to their list of subhumans who were in the way of the “master race”
15 The Condemned After invasion of Poland Thousands of Poles killed or shipped to Germany to perform slave laborEmpty Polish towns filled with Germans seeking lebensraum
16 Concentration Camps Murder squads rounded up Jews Stripped them of their clothingShot them in Cold blood
17 Concentration CampsOther Jews herded into ghettos-left to starve or die from diseaseOthers dragged from homes and sent by train or truck to concentration camps
18 Concentration Camps Life in camps Hunger Humiliation Work that ended only with deathPeople crammed into wooden barracks that held up to 1,000 people each
19 Concentration Camps Shared crowded quarters Had very little food Fleas and ratsWorked from dawn to dusk seven days a weekThose too weak to work were killed
20 ExterminationOverwork, starvation, beatings, and bullets did not kill fast enough for Nazis1941-Nazis build 6 death camps in Poland-each camp had several huge gas chambers-could kill 6,000/day
21 ExterminationSS doctors would separate those that could work from everyone elseThose who would die were told they were headed to a shower-even given soapLed to gas chamber and killed
22 ExterminationExecutions accompanied by cheerful music played by temporarily spared inmatesBodies at first buried in huge pitsDecaying corpses gave off to bad of a smell
23 Extermination Mass graves also showed evidence of mass murder Nazis installed crematoriums to burn the deadSometimes the bodies were just thrown into a pit and set on fire
24 Extermination Gassing not only method for extermination Shot Hanged Injected with poisonHorrible medical experiments
25 Medical ExperimentsInjected with deadly germs to study effects of diseaseExist only on seawaterTest methods of sterilization
26 The Survivors Six million Jews killed Some able to escape Many had help from people appalled by Nazi atrocitiesRisked death by hiding Jews in their homes or helping them escape to neutral nations