Presentation on theme: "BOOK 4 Unit6 Fun Facts about Egypt 1.The giant structures for which Ancient Egypt is known are called _____."— Presentation transcript:
BOOK 4 Unit6
Fun Facts about Egypt
1.The giant structures for which Ancient Egypt is known are called _____.
1. Pyramids. For Your Information— The biggest pyramid in Egypt is the pyramid of Khufu ( 古夫王 ) at Giza, which is 42 stories high and covers the area of ______ football fields. 10
2. What do Egyptian tombs have on the walls?
3. Where were Egyptians who were poor buried?
3.The poor Egyptians were buried in the sand. Only the rich ones were buried in a tomb.
4. Why did Egyptians sleep on the roofs of their houses?
4. The weather was so hot.
5. What is the body of a person (or an animal) that has been preserved after death called?
5. A mummy. The mummy of an Egyptian pharaoh
6. What did royal people wear when they were buried?
6. ( Mummy / Death ) masks.
7. Of which metal is Tutankhamun’s ( 圖坦卡門 ) mask (which covers the head and shoulders of his mummy) made?
7. Gold. The cobra and vulture are displayed on his forehead, as symbols of p________. rotection This shows that the Egyptians were skilled ___________. goldsmiths
8. What organ of the human body was very important to ancient Egyptians?
8. Heart. For Your Information— Ancient Egyptians believed all of man’s emotions and thoughts were controlled by his heart. They had no idea what function the _______ had, which is why it was removed from the body during mummification. brain ( Heart was the only organ of the body that was not removed while mummifying. )
9. In ancient Egypt, killing a _________ (a kind of animal) was a crime punishable by death.
9. A cat. For Your Information— Ancient Egyptians worshipped cats. When a cat died, it was mummified.
10. In ancient Egypt, boys got married at the age of ____ while girls got married at ____. (a) 20 ; 18 (b) 18 ; 16 (c) 16 ; 14 (d) 14 ; 12
10. (d) Boy– 14; girl– 12.
11. Anubis was the Egyptian god of _______. (a) music (b) embalming and mummification (c) cats (d) the Earth
11. (b) God of embalming and mummification Tut Between Anubis & Hator ( Hator is transmitting eternal life to Tut in an Ankh! )
12. How long did it take to embalm a body? (a) About a month. (b) About 6 weeks. (c) About 70 days. (d) About 90 days.
12. (c) About seventy days. It took a very long time, from start to finish, to embalm a body. Organs were removed, the body was dried and then the body was wrapped in strands of linen ( 亞麻 ).
13. The process of mummification involved the removal of the organs and intestines. The brain was removed through ______. (a) the eye sockets (b) the nose (c) the base of the skull (d) None of the above
13. Through the nose. For Your Information-- The brain was removed through the nose with an iron hook and the other organs and the intestines were taken out through a cut made on the left side of the body.
For Your Information— The major organs ( l____, lungs, s ______ and intestines ) were removed and placed in canopic jars. There were four jars, one for each of the organs. iver tomach Set of canopic jars dated to the 22nd Dynasty.
14. King Tutankhamen, often called “King Tut,” was a(n) ____ king. (a) boy (b) brutal (c) outstanding (d) long-lived
14. A boy king. For Your Information— King Tut became King at the age of. Since he was so young he received guidance until he was around 16 years old. He was helped by Commander Aye, the Vizier (the equivalent of prime minister) of Egypt and a private advisor of Tut. 9
15. King Tut died at about the age of _____. (a) 38 (b) 28 (c) 18 (d) 14
15. (c) At the age of eighteen. Was it murder? For Your Information-- Tutankhamen suddenly died. There are no historical records explaining the cause or circumstances of his death. According to Brier's book, X-rays show that the young pharaoh might have been killed by a blow to the head, although this is not certain.
16. King Tutankhamen’s tomb contained the mummified remains of 2 ______. (a) fetuses (b) cats (c) soldiers (d) wives
16. (a) Fetuses. For Your Information— King Tut died without an heir. ______ succeeded the throne after his death. Aye King Tut was buried in his tomb, but an antechamber off to the side of the entrance contained the fetal remains of 2 children. ( Tut and his wife Ankhesenamen’s suffered two miscarriages. 【流產】 )
17. Where is the mummy of King Tut now? (a) In the Valley of the Kings. (b) In the Museum of Cairo. (c) In the British Museum. (d) None of the above.
17. (a) In the Valley of the Kings. Valley Of The Kings Mountain Of Thebes( 底比斯 ), West Bank The Valley Of The Kings is the royal necropolis ( 公共墓 地 ) known in ancient times as “the Place Of Truth.” Very few of the tombs are open to the public and the ones that are open are only open on a rotating annual basis to avoid extensive damage from the frequent tourist viewing.
For Your Information-- Nothing is left here now except Tut's mummy and coffin. (The rest is in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.) Only a few tourists are allowed in at a time, and everyone stays quiet, peering over at the coffin and wall paintings that detail funerary rituals. Tomb Entrances Center Is Tutankhamun; Left Center Is Ramses VI
18. Who made the great discovery of the tomb of King Tut? (a) Howard Carter (b) Jimmy Carter (c) Samuel John Carter (d) Lord Carnarvon
18.(a) Howard Carter Howard Carter was born in London on May 9, His father, Samuel John Carter, was an artist who specialized in animal paintings. Young Carter's talent for drawing and his interest in Egyptian antiquities took him to Egypt when he was still only seventeen.
19. Who was the sponsor of Howard Carter’s expedition to Egypt? (a) The Egyptian government. (b) The English government. (c) A rich Egyptian businessman. (d) Lord Carnarvon.
19. (d) Lord Carnarvon. For Your Information-- Lord Carnarvon, Howard Carter's sponsor in the search for the tomb of Tutankhamun, was one of the many who went to Egypt for reasons of health. He then stayed on to pursue an amateur interest in archaeology.
20. Lord Carnarvon died ________. (a) because of the curse of King Tut (b) a cruel and violent death (c) a mysterious death (d) None of the above.
20. (d) None of the above. He died of an infected mosquito bite.